[syn: total, tot, tot up, sum, sum up, summate, tote up, add, add together, tally, add up]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sum \Sum\, n. [OE. summe, somme, OF. sume, some, F. somme, L.
summa, fr. summus highest, a superlative from sub under. See
Sub-, and cf. Supreme.]
1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes,
quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any
number of individuals or particulars added together; as,
the sum of 5 and 7 is 12.
Take ye the sum of all the congregation. --Num. i.
Note: Sum is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers,
and number to an aggregate of persons or things.
2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely;
as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum. "The sum
of forty pound." --Chaucer.
With a great sum obtained I this freedom. --Acts
3. The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the
amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of
all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and
substance of his objections.
4. Height; completion; utmost degree.
Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought
My story to the sum of earthly bliss. --Milton.
5. (Arith.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be
wrought out. --Macaulay.
A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a
particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole.
A large sheet of paper . . . covered with long sums.
Algebraic sum, as distinguished from arithmetical sum, the
aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with
regard to their signs, as + or -, according to the rules
of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic sum of -2, 8,
and -1 is 5.
In sum, in short; in brief. [Obs.] "In sum, the gospel . .
. prescribes every virtue to our conduct, and forbids
every sin." --Rogers.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sum \Sum\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Summed; p. pr. & vb. n.
Summing.] [Cf. F. sommer, LL. summare.]
1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one
amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain
the totality of; -- usually with up.
The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour
doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.
2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a
few words; to condense; -- usually with up.
"Go to the ant, thou sluggard," in few words sums up
the moral of this fable. --L'Estrange.
He sums their virtues in himself alone. --Dryden.
3. (Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish
with complete, or full-grown, plumage.
But feathered soon and fledge
They summed their pens [wings]. --Milton.
Summing up, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a
r['e]sum['e]; a summary.
Syn: To cast up; collect; comprise; condense; comprehend;
[1913 Webster] Sumac
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a quantity of money; "he borrowed a large sum"; "the amount
he had in cash was insufficient" [syn: sum, sum of
money, amount, amount of money]
2: a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
[syn: sum, amount, total]
3: the final aggregate; "the sum of all our troubles did not
equal the misery they suffered" [syn: sum, summation,
4: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some
idea or experience; "the gist of the prosecutor's argument";
"the heart and soul of the Republican Party"; "the nub of the
story" [syn: kernel, substance, core, center,
centre, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul,
inwardness, marrow, meat, nub, pith, sum, nitty-
5: the whole amount [syn: sum, total, totality,
6: a set containing all and only the members of two or more
given sets; "let C be the union of the sets A and B" [syn:
union, sum, join]
v 1: be a summary of; "The abstract summarizes the main ideas in
the paper" [syn: summarize, summarise, sum, sum up]
2: determine the sum of; "Add all the people in this town to
those of the neighboring town" [syn: total, tot, tot
up, sum, sum up, summate, tote up, add, add
together, tally, add up]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
172 Moby Thesaurus words for "sum":
account, add, add up, addend, affective meaning, aggregate, all,
amount, amount of money, amplitude, batch, be-all and end-all,
bearing, body, box score, budget, bulk, bunch, cast, cast up,
chunk, cipher up, clutch, coloring, compute, condense, connotation,
consequence, core, count, count up, deal, denotation, detail,
difference, digest, dose, drift, effect, entirety, entity, epitome,
essence, extension, extent, figure, figure up, foot, foot up,
force, gist, gob, grammatical meaning, grand total, gross,
gross amount, group, heap, hunk, idea, impact, implication, import,
integral, integrate, intension, inventory, itemize, large amount,
lexical meaning, literal meaning, lot, lump sum, magnitude,
main point, mass, matter, meaning, measure, measurement, meat,
mess, number, numbers, nutshell, overtone, pack, parcel, part,
pertinence, pith, plus, plus sign, point, portion,
practical consequence, product, purport, quantity, quantum,
range of meaning, ration, real meaning, recap, recapitulate,
recapitulation, recite, reckon up, reckoning, recount, reference,
referent, rehearse, relate, relation, relevance, resume, round sum,
run-through, rundown, scope, score, score up, semantic cluster,
semantic field, sense, significance, signification, significatum,
signifie, small amount, span of meaning, spirit, strength,
structural meaning, structure, substance, subtotal,
sum and substance, sum total, sum up, summarize, summary, summate,
summation, summing-up, symbolic meaning, synopsize, system, tale,
tally, tally up, tenor, the amount, the bottom line, the story,
the whole story, tot, tot up, total, total up, totality,
totality of associations, tote, tote up, transferred meaning,
unadorned meaning, undertone, value, whole, whole amount,
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018):
1. In domain theory, the sum A + B of two domains
contains all elements of both domains, modified to indicate
which part of the union they come from, plus a new bottom
element. There are two constructor functions associated with
inA : A -> A+B inB : B -> A+B
inA(a) = (0,a) inB(b) = (1,b)
and a disassembly operation:
case d of isA(x) -> E1; isB(x) -> E2
This can be generalised to arbitrary numbers of domains.
See also smash sum, disjoint union.
2. A Unix utility to calculate a 16-bit checksum of
the data in a file. It also displays the size of the file,
either in kilobytes or in 512-byte blocks. The checksum may
differ on machines with 16-bit and 32-bit ints.
Unix manual page: sum(1).