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Wordnet 3.0

VERB (1)

1. analyze syntactically by assigning a constituent structure to (a sentence);

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

parse \parse\ (p[aum]rs), v. t. [imp. & p. p. parsed (p[aum]rst); p. pr. & vb. n. parsing.] [L. pars a part; pars orationis a part of speech. See Part, n.] (Gram.) To resolve into its elements, as a sentence, pointing out the several parts of speech, and their relation to each other by government or agreement; to analyze and describe grammatically. [1913 Webster] Let him construe the letter into English, and parse it over perfectly. --Ascham. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

parse v 1: analyze syntactically by assigning a constituent structure to (a sentence)
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

19 Moby Thesaurus words for "parse": analyze, block out, bracket, conjugate, decline, detail, enumerate, hyphenate, inflect, itemize, mark, number, outline, parenthesize, point, punctuate, resolve, scan, schematize
The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003):

parse vt. 1. To determine the syntactic structure of a sentence or other utterance (close to the standard English meaning). ?That was the one I saw you.? ?I can't parse that.? 2. More generally, to understand or comprehend. ?It's very simple; you just kretch the glims and then aos the zotz.? ?I can't parse that.? 3. Of fish, to have to remove the bones yourself. ?I object to parsing fish ?, means ?I don't want to get a whole fish, but a sliced one is okay?. A parsed fish has been deboned. There is some controversy over whether unparsed should mean ?bony?, or also mean ?deboned?.
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):

parser parse parsing An algorithm or program to determine the syntactic structure of ("parse") a sentence or string of symbols in some language. A parser normally takes as input a sequence of tokens output by a lexical analyser. It may produce some kind of abstract syntax tree as output. A parser may be produced automatically from a grammar by a parser generators such as yacc. A parser is normally part of some larger program, like a compiler, which takes the output of the parser and attempts to extract meaning from it in some way, e.g. translating it into another language. (2009-06-26)