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Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (3)

1. a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language;
- Example: "he always spoke in grammatical sentences"

2. (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed;
- Example: "the conviction came as no surprise"
[syn: conviction, judgment of conviction, condemnation, sentence]

3. the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned;
- Example: "he served a prison term of 15 months"
- Example: "his sentence was 5 to 10 years"
- Example: "he is doing time in the county jail"
[syn: prison term, sentence, time]


VERB (1)

1. pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law;
- Example: "He was condemned to ten years in prison"
[syn: sentence, condemn, doom]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sentence \Sen"tence\, n. [F., from L. sententia, for sentientia, from sentire to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel, to think. See Sense, n., and cf. Sentiensi.] 1. Sense; meaning; significance. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Tales of best sentence and most solace. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] The discourse itself, voluble enough, and full of sentence. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. (a) An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature. [1913 Webster] My sentence is for open war. --Milton. [1913 Webster] That by them [Luther's works] we may pass sentence upon his doctrines. --Atterbury. [1913 Webster] (b) A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as, Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences. [1913 Webster] 3. (Law) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judicial tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases. [1913 Webster] Received the sentence of the law. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 4. A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw. --Broome. [1913 Webster] 5. (Gram.) A combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4. [1913 Webster] Note: Sentences are simple or compound. A simple sentence consists of one subject and one finite verb; as, "The Lord reigns." A compound sentence contains two or more subjects and finite verbs, as in this verse: [1913 Webster] He fills, he bounds, connects, and equals all. --Pope. [1913 Webster] Dark sentence, a saying not easily explained. [1913 Webster] A king . . . understanding dark sentences. --Dan. vii. 23. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sentence \Sen"tence\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sentenced; p. pr. & vb. n. Sentencing.] 1. To pass or pronounce judgment upon; to doom; to condemn to punishment; to prescribe the punishment of. [1913 Webster] Nature herself is sentenced in your doom. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. To decree or announce as a sentence. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. To utter sententiously. [Obs.] --Feltham. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

sentence n 1: a string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language; "he always spoke in grammatical sentences" 2: (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed; "the conviction came as no surprise" [syn: conviction, judgment of conviction, condemnation, sentence] [ant: acquittal] 3: the period of time a prisoner is imprisoned; "he served a prison term of 15 months"; "his sentence was 5 to 10 years"; "he is doing time in the county jail" [syn: prison term, sentence, time] v 1: pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law; "He was condemned to ten years in prison" [syn: sentence, condemn, doom]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

181 Moby Thesaurus words for "sentence": Parthian shot, acquittal, act on, action, adage, address, adjectival phrase, adjudge, adjudicate, affirmation, allegation, ana, analects, anathematize, anathematizing, answer, aphorism, apostrophe, apothegm, article, assertion, attaint, averment, award, axiom, back matter, blacklist, blame, book, bring home to, byword, catchword, censure, chapter, clause, collected sayings, comment, condemn, condemnation, consideration, construction, convict, conviction, crack, current saying, damn, damnation, death sentence, death warrant, decision, declaration, decree, deliverance, denounce, denouncement, denunciate, denunciation, determination, devote, diagnosis, dictate, dictum, distich, doom, epigram, exclamation, excommunicate, excommunication, expression, fascicle, find, find against, find for, find guilty, finding, folio, front matter, gathering, gnome, golden saying, greeting, guilty verdict, headed group, idiom, idiotism, interjection, judge, judgement, judgment, landmark decision, locution, manner of speaking, maxim, mention, moral, mot, motto, note, noun phrase, number, observation, oracle, ordain, order, page, paragraph, pass judgment, pass sentence, pass sentence on, passage, peculiar expression, penalize, penalty, period, phrasal idiom, phrase, pithy saying, position, precedent, precept, prescript, prognosis, pronounce, pronounce judgment, pronounce on, pronounce sentence, pronouncement, proscribe, proscription, proverb, proverbial saying, proverbs, punish, punishment, question, rap, reflection, remark, report, resolution, return a verdict, rule, ruling, saw, say, saying, section, sententious expression, set phrase, sheet, signature, sloka, standard phrase, statement, stock saying, subjoinder, sutra, syntactic structure, teaching, term, text, thought, turn of expression, turn of phrase, usage, utter a judgment, utterance, verb complex, verb phrase, verbalism, verdict, verdict of guilty, verse, way of speaking, wisdom, wisdom literature, wise saying, witticism, word, word-group, words of wisdom
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):

sentence A collection of clauses. See also definite sentence. (2003-12-04)
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):

SENTENCE. A judgment, or judicial declaration made by a judge in a cause. The term judgment is more usually applied to civil, and sentence to criminal proceedings. 2. Sentences are final, when they put, an end to the case; or interlocutory, when they settle only some incidental matter which has arisen in the course of its progress. Vide Aso & Man. Inst. B. 3, t. 8, c. 1.