[syn: deduction, deductive reasoning, synthesis]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Synthesis \Syn"the*sis\, n.; pl. Syntheses. [L., a mixture,
properly, a putting together, Gr. ?, fr. ? to place or put
together; sy`n with + ? to place. See Thesis.]
1. Composition, or the putting of two or more things
together, as in compounding medicines.
2. (Chem.) The art or process of making a compound by putting
the ingredients together, as contrasted with analysis;
thus, water is made by synthesis from hydrogen and oxygen;
hence, specifically, the building up of complex compounds
by special reactions, whereby their component radicals are
so grouped that the resulting substances are identical in
every respect with the natural articles when such occur;
thus, artificial alcohol, urea, indigo blue, alizarin,
etc., are made by synthesis.
3. (Logic) The combination of separate elements of thought
into a whole, as of simple into complex conceptions,
species into genera, individual propositions into systems;
-- the opposite of analysis.
Analysis and synthesis, though commonly treated as
two different methods, are, if properly understood,
only the two necessary parts of the same method.
Each is the relative and correlative of the other.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by
the union of simpler chemical compounds)
2: the combination of ideas into a complex whole [syn:
synthesis, synthetic thinking] [ant: analysis,
3: reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause
to effect) [syn: deduction, deductive reasoning,
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
104 Moby Thesaurus words for "synthesis":
Anschluss, Baconian method, a fortiori reasoning,
a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning, addition, affiliation,
agglomeration, aggregation, agreement, alliance, amalgamation,
analysis, assemblage, assembly, assimilation, association, blend,
blending, building, buildup, cabal, cartel, centralization,
coalescence, coalition, combination, combine, combining, combo,
composite, composition, compound, confederacy, confederation,
congeries, conglomeration, conjugation, conjunction, consolidation,
conspiracy, constitution, construction, deduction,
deductive reasoning, ecumenism, embodiment, encompassment, enosis,
epagoge, fabrication, fashioning, federalization, federation,
formation, fusing, fusion, generalization, getup, hookup,
hypothesis and verification, identification, inclusion,
incorporation, induction, inductive reasoning, inference,
integrating, integration, junction, junta, league, make, makeup,
marriage, meld, melding, merge, merger, merging, mixing, mixture,
organization, package, package deal, particularization,
philosophical induction, piecing together, putting together, setup,
shaping, solidification, structure, structuring, syllogism,
syllogistic reasoning, syncretism, syndication, syneresis, tie-up,
unification, unifying, union, wedding
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018):
The process of deriving
(efficient) programs from (clear) specifications.
See also program transformation.