1. showing a brooding ill humor;
- Example: "a dark scowl"
- Example: "the proverbially dour New England Puritan"
- Example: "a glum, hopeless shrug"
- Example: "he sat in moody silence"
- Example: "a morose and unsociable manner"
- Example: "a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"- Bruce Bliven
- Example: "a sour temper"
- Example: "a sullen crowd"
[syn: dark, dour, glowering, glum, moody, morose, saturnine, sour, sullen]
2. darkened by clouds;
- Example: "a heavy sky"
[syn: heavy, lowering, sullen, threatening]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sullen \Sul"len\, a. [OE. solein, solain, lonely, sullen; through Old French fr. (assumed) LL. solanus solitary, fr. L. solus alone. See Sole, a.] 1. Lonely; solitary; desolate. [Obs.] --Wyclif (Job iii. 14). [1913 Webster] 2. Gloomy; dismal; foreboding. --Milton. [1913 Webster] Solemn hymns so sullen dirges change. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. Mischievous; malignant; unpropitious. [1913 Webster] Such sullen planets at my birth did shine. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 4. Gloomily angry and silent; cross; sour; affected with ill humor; morose. [1913 Webster] And sullen I forsook the imperfect feast. --Prior. [1913 Webster] 5. Obstinate; intractable. [1913 Webster] Things are as sullen as we are. --Tillotson. [1913 Webster] 6. Heavy; dull; sluggish. "The larger stream was placid, and even sullen, in its course." --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] Syn: Sulky; sour; cross; ill-natured; morose; peevish; fretful; ill-humored; petulant; gloomy; malign; intractable. Usage: Sullen, Sulky. Both sullen and sulky show themselves in the demeanor. Sullenness seems to be an habitual sulkiness, and sulkiness a temporary sullenness. The former may be an innate disposition; the latter, a disposition occasioned by recent injury. Thus we are in a sullen mood, and in a sulky fit. [1913 Webster] No cheerful breeze this sullen region knows; The dreaded east is all the wind that blows. --Pope. [1913 Webster] -- Sul"len*ly, adv. -- Sul"len*ness, n. [1913 Webster]The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sullen \Sul"len\, n. 1. One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit. [Obs.] --Piers Plowman. [1913 Webster] 2. pl. Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness; as, to have the sullens. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Sullen \Sul"len\, v. t. To make sullen or sluggish. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Sullens the whole body with . . . laziness. --Feltham. [1913 Webster]Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
154 Moby Thesaurus words for "sullen": antisocial, at odds, autistic, averse, bad-tempered, balking, balky, bashful, beetle-browed, bigoted, black, black-browed, brooding, broody, bulldogged, bulletheaded, bullheaded, cantankerous, case-hardened, chapfallen, choleric, churlish, close, contrary, crabbed, crabby, cranky, crestfallen, cross, cross-grained, crotchety, crusty, cursory, cynical, dark, dejected, depressed, depressing, differing, difficult, disagreeing, disinclined, dismal, disobedient, dissociable, dogged, dogmatic, dour, dreary, dumpish, dyspeptic, fanatic, forced, fractious, fretful, froward, frowning, funereal, gloomy, glowering, glum, grim, grum, grumpy, hardheaded, headstrong, hostile, ill-humored, ill-natured, ill-tempered, incompatible, indisposed, indocile, insociable, intolerant, involuntary, irascible, long-faced, lowering, lugubrious, malevolent, malicious, malign, mean, melancholy, moodish, moody, mopey, moping, mopish, morose, mulish, mumpish, mutinous, nongregarious, obstinate, opinionated, opposed, ornery, out of humor, out of sorts, overzealous, peevish, perfunctory, persevering, pertinacious, perverse, pessimistic, petulant, pigheaded, pouting, recalcitrant, refractory, resistant, restive, runty, saturnine, scowling, self-contained, self-sufficient, self-willed, set, snug, socially incompatible, sour, splenetic, stiff-necked, strong-willed, strongheaded, stubborn, stuffy, sulking, sulky, surly, temperamental, tenacious, tenebrose, tenebrous, ugly, unclubbable, uncommunicative, uncompanionable, uncongenial, unconsenting, uncooperative, unfriendly, ungenial, unregenerate, unsociable, unsocial, unwilling, wayward, willful, wrongheaded