[syn: reflection, reflexion, reflectivity]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Reflection \Re*flec"tion\ (r?*fl?k"sh?n), n. [L. reflexio: cf.
F. r['e]flexion. See Riflect.] [Written also reflexion.]
1. The act of reflecting, or turning or sending back, or the
state of being reflected. Specifically:
(a) The return of rays, beams, sound, or the like, from a
surface. See Angle of reflection, below.
The eye sees not itself,
But by reflection, by some other things. --Shak.
(b) The reverting of the mind to that which has already
occupied it; continued consideration; meditation;
contemplation; hence, also, that operation or power of
the mind by which it is conscious of its own acts or
states; the capacity for judging rationally,
especially in view of a moral rule or standard.
By reflection, . . . I would be understood to
mean, that notice which the mind takes of its
own operations, and the manner of them, by
reason whereof there come to be ideas of these
operations in the understanding. --Locke.
This delight grows and improves under thought
and reflection. --South.
2. Shining; brightness, as of the sun. [Obs.] --Shak.
3. That which is produced by reflection. Specifically:
(a) An image given back from a reflecting surface; a
As the sun water we can bear,
Yet not the sun, but his reflection, there.
(b) A part reflected, or turned back, at an angle; as, the
reflection of a membrane.
(c) Result of meditation; thought or opinion after
attentive consideration or contemplation; especially,
thoughts suggested by truth.
Job's reflections on his once flourishing estate
did at the same time afflict and encourage him.
4. Censure; reproach cast.
He died; and oh! may no reflection shed
Its poisonous venom on the royal dead. --Prior.
5. (Physiol.) The transference of an excitement from one
nerve fiber to another by means of the nerve cells, as in
reflex action. See Reflex action, under Reflex.
Angle of reflection, the angle which anything, as a ray of
light, on leaving a reflecting surface, makes with the
perpendicular to the surface.
Angle of total reflection. (Opt.) Same as Critical angle,
Syn: Meditation; contemplation; rumination; cogitation;
consideration; musing; thinking.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Angle \An"gle\ ([a^][ng]"g'l), n. [F. angle, L. angulus angle,
corner; akin to uncus hook, Gr. 'agky`los bent, crooked,
angular, 'a`gkos a bend or hollow, AS. angel hook, fish-hook,
G. angel, and F. anchor.]
1. The inclosed space near the point where two lines meet; a
corner; a nook.
Into the utmost angle of the world. --Spenser.
To search the tenderest angles of the heart.
(a) The figure made by. two lines which meet.
(b) The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines
meet, the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle.
3. A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment.
Though but an angle reached him of the stone.
4. (Astrol.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological
"houses." [Obs.] --Chaucer.
5. [AS. angel.] A fishhook; tackle for catching fish,
consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a
Give me mine angle: we 'll to the river there.
A fisher next his trembling angle bears. --Pope.
Acute angle, one less than a right angle, or less than
Adjacent or Contiguous angles, such as have one leg
common to both angles.
Alternate angles. See Alternate.
(a) (Carp.) An upright bar at the angle where two faces of
a polygonal or bay window meet. --Knight.
(b) (Mach.) Same as Angle iron.
Angle bead (Arch.), a bead worked on or fixed to the angle
of any architectural work, esp. for protecting an angle of
Angle brace, Angle tie (Carp.), a brace across an
interior angle of a wooden frame, forming the hypothenuse
and securing the two side pieces together. --Knight.
Angle iron (Mach.), a rolled bar or plate of iron having
one or more angles, used for forming the corners, or
connecting or sustaining the sides of an iron structure to
which it is riveted.
Angle leaf (Arch.), a detail in the form of a leaf, more or
less conventionalized, used to decorate and sometimes to
strengthen an angle.
Angle meter, an instrument for measuring angles, esp. for
ascertaining the dip of strata.
Angle shaft (Arch.), an enriched angle bead, often having a
capital or base, or both.
Curvilineal angle, one formed by two curved lines.
External angles, angles formed by the sides of any
right-lined figure, when the sides are produced or
Facial angle. See under Facial.
Internal angles, those which are within any right-lined
Mixtilineal angle, one formed by a right line with a curved
Oblique angle, one acute or obtuse, in opposition to a
Obtuse angle, one greater than a right angle, or more than
Optic angle. See under Optic.
Rectilineal or Right-lined angle, one formed by two right
Right angle, one formed by a right line falling on another
perpendicularly, or an angle of 90[deg] (measured by a
Solid angle, the figure formed by the meeting of three or
more plane angles at one point.
Spherical angle, one made by the meeting of two arcs of
great circles, which mutually cut one another on the
surface of a globe or sphere.
Visual angle, the angle formed by two rays of light, or two
straight lines drawn from the extreme points of an object
to the center of the eye.
For Angles of commutation, draught, incidence,
reflection, refraction, position, repose, fraction,
see Commutation, Draught, Incidence, Reflection,
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a calm, lengthy, intent consideration [syn:
contemplation, reflection, reflexion, rumination,
2: the phenomenon of a propagating wave (light or sound) being
thrown back from a surface [syn: reflection, reflexion]
3: expression without words; "tears are an expression of grief";
"the pulse is a reflection of the heart's condition" [syn:
expression, manifestation, reflection, reflexion]
4: a likeness in which left and right are reversed [syn: mirror
image, reflection, reflexion]
5: the image of something as reflected by a mirror (or other
reflective material); "he studied his reflection in the
mirror" [syn: reflection, reflexion]
6: (mathematics) a transformation in which the direction of one
axis is reversed
7: a remark expressing careful consideration [syn:
observation, reflection, reflexion]
8: the ability to reflect beams or rays [syn: reflection,
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
322 Moby Thesaurus words for "reflection":
CRT spot, DM display, Doppler signal, IF signal, IM display,
Parthian shot, RF echoes, S-curve, action and reaction, address,
adumbration, adverse criticism, advisement, affirmation, albedo,
allegation, animadversion, answer, apostrophe, apprehension,
aspersion, assault, assertion, attack, attaint, automatic reaction,
autonomic reaction, averment, bad notices, bad press,
badge of infamy, bar sinister, baton, beam, beat signal, bend,
bend sinister, bending, black eye, black mark, blink, blips, blot,
blur, bounceback, bounces, bow, bowing, brainwork, brand,
broad arrow, brooding, captiousness, carping, cavil, caviling,
censoriousness, censure, cerebration, champain, circumspection,
circumspectness, cogitation, comment, commitment to memory,
companion, conceit, concept, conception, conflexure, consideration,
contemplation, cool judgment, copy, corroboration, counsel, crack,
criticism, dead ringer, declaration, deflection, deliberating,
deliberation, depreciation, derogation, dictum, discreetness,
discretion, discrimination, disparagement, display, double,
double-dot display, duplicate, echo, echo signal, effect, effigy,
evidence, exact likeness, exception, exclamation,
exercise of memory, expression, fancy, faultfinding, fellow, flak,
flashback, flection, flex, flexure, geanticline, geosyncline,
good judgment, greeting, hairpin turn, hairsplitting, hindsight,
hit, home thrust, hostile criticism, hypercriticalness,
hypercriticism, ice sky, iceblink, icon, idea, idol, image, imago,
impression, imputation, incident light, inflection, innuendo,
insinuation, intellectual object, interjection, judgment,
judiciousness, knock, learning by heart, likeness, living image,
living picture, local oscillator signal, looking back, lucubration,
mark, mark of Cain, match, mate, meander, meditating, meditation,
memoir, memorization, memorizing, memory-trace, mental image,
mental impression, mention, miniature, mirroring, model, musing,
nagging, niggle, niggling, nit, nit-picking, note, notion, obloquy,
observation, onset, onslaught, onus, opinion, outline,
output signal, overcriticalness, oxbow, perception,
personal remark, personality, pestering, pettifogging, photograph,
phrase, picture, pillorying, pips, point champain, policy, polity,
pondering, portrait, position, predictable response, priggishness,
pronouncement, proof, providence, prudence, prudentialism,
question, quibble, quibbling, radar signal, rap, reaction, reading,
recall, recalling, recept, recollecting, recollection,
reconsideration, reflectance, reflectiveness, reflex,
reflex action, refluence, reflux, remark, remembering, remembrance,
reminiscence, reply, representation, reprimand, reproach,
reproachfulness, resemblance, respondence, response, result,
retroaction, retrospect, retrospection, return, return signal,
reverberation, review, revolving, revulsion, rise, rote,
rote memory, rubbing, rumination, say, saying, semblance, sentence,
sentiment, shadow, sign, signal, signal display, silhouette,
similitude, simulacrum, slam, slur, sly suggestion, smear, smirch,
smudge, smutch, snowblink, sound judgment, soundness of judgment,
speculation, spit and image, spitting image, spot, stain,
statement, stigma, stigmatism, stigmatization, stricture, study,
subjoinder, substantiation, suggestion, supposition, sweep, swipe,
symbol, taint, taking exception, target image, tarnish, testament,
testimony, theory, thinking, thought, thoughtfulness, token, trace,
tracing, transmitter signal, trichoschistism, turn, turning, twin,
uncomplimentary remark, unthinking response, utterance, very image,
very picture, video signal, water sky, waterblink, weighing,
whispering campaign, word
The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906):
REFLECTION, n. An action of the mind whereby we obtain a clearer view
of our relation to the things of yesterday and are able to avoid the
perils that we shall not again encounter.