[syn: substitution, exchange, commutation]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Commutation \Com`mu*ta"tion\, n. [L. commutatio: cf. F.
1. A passing from one state to another; change; alteration;
So great is the commutation that the soul then hated
only that which now only it loves. --South.
2. The act of giving one thing for another; barter; exchange.
The use of money is . . . that of saving the
commutation of more bulky commodities. --Arbuthnot.
3. (Law) The change of a penalty or punishment by the
pardoning power of the State; as, the commutation of a
sentence of death to banishment or imprisonment.
Suits are allowable in the spiritual courts for
money agreed to be given as a commutation for
4. A substitution, as of a less thing for a greater, esp. a
substitution of one form of payment for another, or one
payment for many, or a specific sum of money for
conditional payments or allowances; as, commutation of
tithes; commutation of fares; commutation of copyright;
commutation of rations.
5. regular travel from a place of residence to a place where
one's daily work is performed; commuting. Most often, such
travel is performed between a suburb and a nearby city.
Angle of commutation (Astron.), the difference of the
geocentric longitudes of the sun and a planet.
Commutation of tithes, the substitution of a regular
payment, chargeable to the land, for the annual tithes in
Commutation ticket, a ticket, as for transportation, which
is the evidence of a contract for service at a reduced
rate. See 2d Commute, 2.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: the travel of a commuter [syn: commutation, commuting]
2: a warrant substituting a lesser punishment for a greater one
3: (law) the reduction in severity of a punishment imposed by
law [syn: commutation, re-sentencing]
4: the act of putting one thing or person in the place of
another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution
came too late to help" [syn: substitution, exchange,
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
82 Moby Thesaurus words for "commutation":
agency, alternation, amends, atonement, balancing,
battledore and shuttlecock, change, compensation, cooperation,
counteraction, counterbalancing, counterchange, course, cross fire,
crossing, delegation, deputation, deputyship, displacement,
exchange, expiation, give-and-take, globe-trotting, going,
indemnification, indemnity, interchange, intermutation, interplay,
journeying, lex talionis, locomotion, measure for measure, motion,
movement, moving, mutual admiration, mutual support,
mutual transfer, mutuality, offsetting, passage, permutation,
power of attorney, progress, quid pro quo, reciprocality,
reciprocation, reciprocity, recompense, rectification, redress,
reparation, repayment, replacement, representation, restitution,
retaliation, revenge, satisfaction, something for something,
subrogation, substitution, supersedence, superseding, supersedure,
supersession, supplantation, supplanting, supplantment, switch,
tit for tat, tourism, touristry, traject, trajet, transit,
transposal, transposition, travel, traveling, vicariousness
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
COMMUTATION, punishments. The change of a punishment to which a person has
been condemned into a less severe one. This can be granted only by the
executive authority in which the pardoning power resides.