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Search Result for "gopher": 
Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (5)

1. a zealously energetic person (especially a salesman);
[syn: goffer, gopher]

2. a native or resident of Minnesota;
[syn: Minnesotan, Gopher]

3. any of various terrestrial burrowing rodents of Old and New Worlds; often destroy crops;
[syn: ground squirrel, gopher, spermophile]

4. burrowing rodent of the family Geomyidae having large external cheek pouches; of Central America and southwestern North America;
[syn: gopher, pocket gopher, pouched rat]

5. burrowing edible land tortoise of southeastern North America;
[syn: gopher tortoise, gopher turtle, gopher, Gopherus polypemus]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gopher \Go"pher\, n. [F. gaufre waffle, honeycomb. See Gauffer.] (Zool.) 1. One of several North American burrowing rodents of the genera Geomys and Thomomys, of the family Geomyid[ae]; -- called also pocket gopher and pouched rat. See Pocket gopher, and Tucan. [1913 Webster] Note: The name was originally given by French settlers to many burrowing rodents, from their honeycombing the earth. [1913 Webster] 2. One of several western American species of the genus Spermophilus, of the family Sciurid[ae]; as, the gray gopher (Spermophilus Franklini) and the striped gopher (S. tridecemlineatus); -- called also striped prairie squirrel, leopard marmot, and leopard spermophile. See Spermophile. [1913 Webster] 3. A large land tortoise (Testudo Carilina) of the Southern United States, which makes extensive burrows. [1913 Webster] 4. A large burrowing snake (Spilotes Couperi) of the Southern United States. [1913 Webster] Gopher drift (Mining), an irregular prospecting drift, following or seeking the ore without regard to regular grade or section. --Raymond. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Prairie \Prai"rie\, n. [F., an extensive meadow, OF. praerie, LL. prataria, fr. L. pratum a meadow.] 1. An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies and the Rocky mountains. [1913 Webster] From the forests and the prairies, From the great lakes of the northland. --Longfellow. [1913 Webster] 2. A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called natural meadow. [1913 Webster] Prairie chicken (Zool.), any American grouse of the genus Tympanuchus, especially Tympanuchus Americanus (formerly Tympanuchus cupido), which inhabits the prairies of the central United States. Applied also to the sharp-tailed grouse. Prairie clover (Bot.), any plant of the leguminous genus Petalostemon, having small rosy or white flowers in dense terminal heads or spikes. Several species occur in the prairies of the United States. Prairie dock (Bot.), a coarse composite plant (Silphium terebinthaceum) with large rough leaves and yellow flowers, found in the Western prairies. Prairie dog (Zool.), a small American rodent (Cynomys Ludovicianus) allied to the marmots. It inhabits the plains west of the Mississippi. The prairie dogs burrow in the ground in large warrens, and have a sharp bark like that of a dog. Called also prairie marmot. Prairie grouse. Same as Prairie chicken, above. Prairie hare (Zool.), a large long-eared Western hare (Lepus campestris). See Jack rabbit, under 2d Jack. Prairie hawk, Prairie falcon (Zool.), a falcon of Western North America (Falco Mexicanus). The upper parts are brown. The tail has transverse bands of white; the under parts, longitudinal streaks and spots of brown. Prairie hen. (Zool.) Same as Prairie chicken, above. Prairie itch (Med.), an affection of the skin attended with intense itching, which is observed in the Northern and Western United States; -- also called swamp itch, winter itch. Prairie marmot. (Zool.) Same as Prairie dog, above. Prairie mole (Zool.), a large American mole (Scalops argentatus), native of the Western prairies. Prairie pigeon, Prairie plover, or Prairie snipe (Zool.), the upland plover. See Plover, n., 2. Prairie rattlesnake (Zool.), the massasauga. Prairie snake (Zool.), a large harmless American snake (Masticophis flavigularis). It is pale yellow, tinged with brown above. Prairie squirrel (Zool.), any American ground squirrel of the genus Spermophilus, inhabiting prairies; -- called also gopher. Prairie turnip (Bot.), the edible turnip-shaped farinaceous root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta) of the Upper Missouri region; also, the plant itself. Called also pomme blanche, and pomme de prairie. Prairie warbler (Zool.), a bright-colored American warbler (Dendroica discolor). The back is olive yellow, with a group of reddish spots in the middle; the under parts and the parts around the eyes are bright yellow; the sides of the throat and spots along the sides, black; three outer tail feathers partly white. Prairie wolf. (Zool.) See Coyote. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

gopher n 1: a zealously energetic person (especially a salesman) [syn: goffer, gopher] 2: a native or resident of Minnesota [syn: Minnesotan, Gopher] 3: any of various terrestrial burrowing rodents of Old and New Worlds; often destroy crops [syn: ground squirrel, gopher, spermophile] 4: burrowing rodent of the family Geomyidae having large external cheek pouches; of Central America and southwestern North America [syn: gopher, pocket gopher, pouched rat] 5: burrowing edible land tortoise of southeastern North America [syn: gopher tortoise, gopher turtle, gopher, Gopherus polypemus]
The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003):

gopher n. [obs.] A type of Internet service first floated around 1991 and obsolesced around 1995 by the World Wide Web. Gopher presents a menuing interface to a tree or graph of links; the links can be to documents, runnable programs, or other gopher menus arbitrarily far across the net. Some claim that the gopher software, which was originally developed at the University of Minnesota, was named after the Minnesota Gophers (a sports team). Others claim the word derives from American slang gofer (from ?go for?, dialectal ?go fer?), one whose job is to run and fetch things. Finally, observe that gophers dig long tunnels, and the idea of tunneling through the net to find information was a defining metaphor for the developers. Probably all three things were true, but with the first two coming first and the gopher-tunnel metaphor serendipitously adding flavor and impetus to the project as it developed out of its concept stage.
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):

gopher A distributed document retrieval system which started as a Campus Wide Information System at the University of Minnesota, and which was popular in the early 1990s. Gopher is defined in RFC 1436. The protocol is like a primitive form of HTTP (which came later). Gopher lacks the MIME features of HTTP, but expressed the equivalent of a document's MIME type with a one-character code for the "Gopher object type". At time of writing (2001), all Web browers should be able to access gopher servers, although few gopher servers exist anymore. Tim Berners-Lee, in his book "Weaving The Web" (pp.72-73), related his opinion that it was not so much the protocol limitations of gopher that made people abandon it in favor of HTTP/HTML, but instead the legal missteps on the part of the university where it was developed: "It was just about this time, spring 1993, that the University of Minnesota decided that it would ask for a license fee from certain classes of users who wanted to use gopher. Since the gopher software being picked up so widely, the university was going to charge an annual fee. The browser, and the act of browsing, would be free, and the server software would remain free to nonprofit and educational institutions. But any other users, notably companies, would have to pay to use gopher server software. "This was an act of treason in the academic community and the Internet community. Even if the university never charged anyone a dime, the fact that the school had announced it was reserving the right to charge people for the use of the gopher protocols meant it had crossed the line. To use the technology was too risky. Industry dropped gopher like a hot potato." (2001-03-31)
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:

Gopher a tree from the wood of which Noah was directed to build the ark (Gen. 6:14). It is mentioned only there. The LXX. render this word by "squared beams," and the Vulgate by "planed wood." Other versions have rendered it "pine" and "cedar;" but the weight of authority is in favour of understanding by it the cypress tree, which grows abundantly in Chaldea and Armenia.