[syn: helpless, lost]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Lose \Lose\ (l[=oo]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lost (l[o^]st; 115)
p. pr. & vb. n. Losing (l[=oo]z"[i^]ng).] [OE. losien to
loose, be lost, lose, AS. losian to become loose; akin to OE.
leosen to lose, p. p. loren, lorn, AS. le['i]san, p. p. loren
(in comp.), D. verliezen, G. verlieren, Dan. forlise, Sw.
f["o]rlisa, f["o]rlora, Goth. fraliusan, also to E. loose, a
& v., L. luere to loose, Gr. ly`ein, Skr. l[=u] to cut.
[root]127. Cf. Analysis, Palsy, Solve, Forlorn,
Leasing, Loose, Loss.]
1. To part with unintentionally or unwillingly, as by
accident, misfortune, negligence, penalty, forfeit, etc.;
to be deprived of; as, to lose money from one's purse or
pocket, or in business or gaming; to lose an arm or a leg
by amputation; to lose men in battle.
Fair Venus wept the sad disaster
Of having lost her favorite dove. --Prior.
2. To cease to have; to possess no longer; to suffer
diminution of; as, to lose one's relish for anything; to
lose one's health.
If the salt hath lost his savor, wherewith shall it
be salted? --Matt. v. 13.
3. Not to employ; to employ ineffectually; to throw away; to
waste; to squander; as, to lose a day; to lose the
benefits of instruction.
The unhappy have but hours, and these they lose.
4. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to and; to
go astray from; as, to lose one's way.
He hath lost his fellows. --Shak
5. To ruin; to destroy; as destroy; as, the ship was lost on
The woman that deliberates is lost. --Addison.
6. To be deprived of the view of; to cease to see or know the
whereabouts of; as, he lost his companion in the crowd.
Like following life thro' creatures you dissect,
You lose it in the moment you detect. --Pope.
7. To fail to obtain or enjoy; to fail to gain or win; hence,
to fail to catch with the mind or senses; to miss; as, I
lost a part of what he said.
He shall in no wise lose his reward. --Matt. x. 42.
I fought the battle bravely which I lost,
And lost it but to Macedonians. --Dryden.
8. To cause to part with; to deprive of. [R.]
How should you go about to lose him a wife he loves
with so much passion? --Sir W.
9. To prevent from gaining or obtaining.
O false heart! thou hadst almost betrayed me to
eternal flames, and lost me this glory. --Baxter.
To lose ground, to fall behind; to suffer gradual loss or
To lose heart, to lose courage; to become timid. "The
mutineers lost heart." --Macaulay.
To lose one's head, to be thrown off one's balance; to lose
the use of one's good sense or judgment, through fear,
anger, or other emotion.
In the excitement of such a discovery, many scholars
lost their heads. --Whitney.
To lose one's self.
(a) To forget or mistake the bearing of surrounding
objects; as, to lose one's self in a great city.
(b) To have the perceptive and rational power temporarily
suspended; as, we lose ourselves in sleep.
To lose sight of.
(a) To cease to see; as, to lose sight of the land.
(b) To overlook; to forget; to fail to perceive; as, he
lost sight of the issue.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Lost \Lost\, a. [Prop. p. p. of OE. losien. See Lose, v. t.]
1. Parted with unwillingly or unintentionally; not to be
found; missing; as, a lost book or sheep.
2. Parted with; no longer held or possessed; as, a lost limb;
3. Not employed or enjoyed; thrown away; employed
ineffectually; wasted; squandered; as, a lost day; a lost
opportunity or benefit.
5. Having wandered from, or unable to find, the way;
bewildered; perplexed; as, a child lost in the woods; a
stranger lost in London.
6. Ruined or destroyed, either physically or morally; past
help or hope; as, a ship lost at sea; a woman lost to
virtue; a lost soul.
7. Hardened beyond sensibility or recovery; alienated;
insensible; as, lost to shame; lost to all sense of honor.
8. Not perceptible to the senses; no longer visible; as, an
island lost in a fog; a person lost in a crowd.
9. Occupied with, or under the influence of, something, so as
to be insensible of external things; as, to be lost in
Lost motion (Mach.), the difference between the motion of a
driver and that of a follower, due to the yielding of
parts or looseness of joints.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
adj 1: no longer in your possession or control; unable to be
found or recovered; "a lost child"; "lost friends"; "his
lost book"; "lost opportunities" [ant: found]
2: having lost your bearings; confused as to time or place or
personal identity; "I frequently find myself disoriented when
I come up out of the subway"; "the anesthetic left her
completely disoriented" [syn: confused, disoriented,
3: spiritually or physically doomed or destroyed; "lost souls";
"a lost generation"; "a lost ship"; "the lost platoon" [ant:
4: not gained or won; "a lost battle"; "a lost prize" [ant:
5: incapable of being recovered or regained; "his lost honor"
6: not caught with the senses or the mind; "words lost in the
din" [syn: lost, missed]
7: deeply absorbed in thought; "as distant and bemused as a
professor listening to the prattling of his freshman class";
"lost in thought"; "a preoccupied frown" [syn: bemused,
deep in thought(p), lost(p), preoccupied]
8: perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements;
filled with bewilderment; "obviously bemused by his
questions"; "bewildered and confused"; "a cloudy and
confounded philosopher"; "just a mixed-up kid"; "she felt
lost on the first day of school" [syn: baffled,
befuddled, bemused, bewildered, confounded,
confused, lost, mazed, mixed-up, at sea]
9: unable to function; without help [syn: helpless, lost]
n 1: people who are destined to die soon; "the agony of the
doomed was in his voice" [syn: doomed, lost]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
181 Moby Thesaurus words for "lost":
abandoned, abashed, ablated, abroad, absent, absentminded,
absorbed, abstracted, accursed, adrift, astray, at sea, away,
baffled, bemused, bewildered, beyond recall, beyond remedy,
bothered, buried, by the board, bygone, castle-building, clueless,
condemned, confounded, confused, consumed, corrupt, cureless,
cursed, damned, daydreaming, daydreamy, dead, defunct, departed,
depleted, desperate, destroyed, devastated, discomposed,
disconcerted, dismayed, disoriented, dissipated, dissolute,
distracted, distrait, distraught, disturbed, doomed,
down the drain, dreaming, dreamy, drowsing, ecstatic, elsewhere,
embarrassed, engrossed, eroded, exhausted, expended, extinct,
fallen, faraway, forfeit, forfeited, forgotten, frantic, frenzied,
godless, gone, gone away, gone to waste, graceless, guessing,
half-awake, helpless, hopeless, immedicable, in a fix, in a maze,
in a pickle, in a reverie, in a scrape, in a stew, in the clouds,
incorrigible, incurable, inoperable, irreclaimable, irrecoverable,
irredeemable, irreformable, irremediable, irreparable,
irretrievable, irreversible, irrevocable, lacking, late, long-lost,
lost in thought, lost to, lost to sight, lost to view, mazed,
meditative, mislaid, misplaced, misremembered, missing, misspent,
mooning, moonraking, museful, musing, mystified, napping, no more,
nodding, nonexistent, obliterated, oblivious, obsolete,
off the track, out of sight, out the window, passed, past,
past and gone, past hope, past praying for, past recall, pensive,
perplexed, perturbed, pipe-dreaming, preoccupied, put-out, puzzled,
rapt, remediless, reprobate, ruined, run to seed, shriftless,
shrunken, somewhere else, spent, squandered, stargazing, strayed,
taken up, terminal, transported, turned around, unchaste,
unconscious, unconverted, undone, unmitigable, unredeemable,
unredeemed, unregenerate, unrelievable, unsalvable, unsalvageable,
unwon, upset, used, used up, vanished, wanton, wasted,
without a clue, woolgathering, worn away, wrapped in thought,
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
LOST. What was once possessed and cannot now be found.
2. When a bond or other deed was lost, formerly the obligee or
plaintiff was compelled to go into equity to seek relief, because there was
no remedy a law, the plaintiff being required to make profert in his
declaration. 1 Chan. c. 7T. But in process of time courts of law dispensed
with profert in such cases, and thereby obtained concurrent jurisdiction
with the courts of chancery, so that now the loss of any paper, other than a
negotiable note, will not prevent the plaintiff from recovering at law as
well as in equity. 3 Atk. 214; 1 Ves. 341; 5 Ves. 235; 6 Ves. 812, 7 Ves.
19; 3 V. & B. 54.
3. When a negotiable note has been lost, equity will grant relief. In
such case the claimant must tender an indemnity to the debtor, and file a
bill in chancery to compel payment. 7 B. & C. 90; Ryan & Mo. 90; 4 Taunt.
602; 2 Ves. sen. 327; 16 Ves. 430.