1. [syn: trope, figure of speech, figure, image]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Trope \Trope\, n. [L. tropus, Gr. ?, fr. ? to turn. See
Torture, and cf. Trophy, Tropic, Troubadour,
(a) The use of a word or expression in a different sense from
that which properly belongs to it; the use of a word or
expression as changed from the original signification to
another, for the sake of giving life or emphasis to an
idea; a figure of speech.
(b) The word or expression so used.
In his frequent, long, and tedious speeches, it has
been said that a trope never passed his lips.
Note: Tropes are chiefly of four kinds: metaphor, metonymy,
synecdoche, and irony. Some authors make figures the
genus, of which trope is a species; others make them
different things, defining trope to be a change of
sense, and figure to be any ornament, except what
becomes so by such change.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense [syn:
trope, figure of speech, figure, image]