[syn: steel, nerve]
2. cover, plate, or edge with steel;
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Steel \Steel\ (st[=e]l), n. [AS. st[=e]l, st[=y]l, st[=y]le;
akin to D. staal, G. stahl, OHG. stahal, Icel. st[=a]l, Dan.
staal, Sw. st[*a]l, Old Prussian stakla.]
1. (Metal) A variety of iron intermediate in composition and
properties between wrought iron and cast iron (containing
between one half of one per cent and one and a half per
cent of carbon), and consisting of an alloy of iron with
an iron carbide. Steel, unlike wrought iron, can be
tempered, and retains magnetism. Its malleability
decreases, and fusibility increases, with an increase in
2. An instrument or implement made of steel; as:
(a) A weapon, as a sword, dagger, etc. "Brave Macbeth . .
. with his brandished steel." --Shak.
While doubting thus he stood,
Received the steel bathed in his brother's
(b) An instrument of steel (usually a round rod) for
(c) A piece of steel for striking sparks from flint.
3. Fig.: Anything of extreme hardness; that which is
characterized by sternness or rigor. "Heads of steel."
--Johnson. "Manhood's heart of steel." --Byron.
4. (Med.) A chalybeate medicine. --Dunglison.
Note: Steel is often used in the formation of compounds,
generally of obvious meaning; as, steel-clad,
steel-girt, steel-hearted, steel-plated, steel-pointed,
Bessemer steel (Metal.) See in the Vocabulary.
Blister steel. (Metal.) See under Blister.
Cast steel (Metal.), a fine variety of steel, originally
made by smelting blister or cementation steel; hence,
ordinarily, steel of any process of production when
remelted and cast.
Chrome steel, Chromium steel (Metal.), a hard, tenacious
variety containing a little chromium, and somewhat
resembling tungsten steel.
Mild steel (Metal.), a kind of steel having a lower
proportion of carbon than ordinary steel, rendering it
softer and more malleable.
Puddled steel (Metal.), a variety of steel produced from
cast iron by the puddling process.
Steel duck (Zool.), the goosander, or merganser. [Prov.
(a) (Firearms) See Wheel lock, under Wheel.
(b) A mill which has steel grinding surfaces.
(c) A mill where steel is manufactured.
Steel trap, a trap for catching wild animals. It consists
of two iron jaws, which close by means of a powerful steel
spring when the animal disturbs the catch, or tongue, by
which they are kept open.
Steel wine, wine, usually sherry, in which steel filings
have been placed for a considerable time, -- used as a
Tincture of steel (Med.), an alcoholic solution of the
chloride of iron.
Tungsten steel (Metal.), a variety of steel containing a
small amount of tungsten, and noted for its tenacity and
hardness, as well as for its malleability and tempering
qualities. It is also noted for its magnetic properties.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Steel \Steel\ (st[=e]l), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Steeled
(st[=e]ld); p. pr. & vb. n. Steeling.] [AS. st[=y]lan: cf.
Icel. staela. See Steel, n.]
1. To overlay, point, or edge with steel; as, to steel a
razor; to steel an ax.
2. Fig.: To make hard or strong; hence, to make insensible or
Lies well steeled with weighty arguments. --Shak.
O God of battles! steel my soldiers' hearts. --Shak.
Why will you fight against so sweet a passion,
And steel your heart to such a world of charms?
3. Fig.: To cause to resemble steel, as in smoothness,
polish, or other qualities.
These waters, steeled
By breezeless air to smoothest polish. --Wordsworth.
4. (Elec.) To cover, as an electrotype plate, with a thin
layer of iron by electrolysis. The iron thus deposited is
very hard, like steel.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: an alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon; widely used
in construction; mechanical properties can be varied over a
2: a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and
a hilt with a hand guard [syn: sword, blade, brand,
3: knife sharpener consisting of a ridged steel rod
v 1: get ready for something difficult or unpleasant [syn:
2: cover, plate, or edge with steel
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
183 Moby Thesaurus words for "steel":
Excalibur, Gibraltar, adamant, anneal, assessable stock, aureate,
authorized capital stock, ax, bear up, beef up, bite the bullet,
blade, blue chip, blue chip stock, bone, borrowed stock, brace,
brace up, brass, brassy, brazen, brick, bronze, bronzy, brutalize,
buck up, buttress, calcify, callous, capital stock, case harden,
cement, cold steel, common stock, concrete, confirm,
convertible preferred stock, copper, coppery, cornify,
corporate stock, cumulative preferred stock, cupreous, cuprous,
cutlery, cutter, cyclical stock, dagger, defensive stock,
deferred stock, diamond, dirk, edge tools, eighth stock, equities,
equity, equity security, fancies, ferrous, ferruginous, firm,
flint, floating stock, fortify, fossilize, gilt, gird,
glamour issue, gold, gold-filled, gold-plated, golden, granite,
growth stock, guaranteed stock, harden, heart of oak, high-flier,
horse, hot issue, hypothecated stock, inactive stock, income stock,
indurate, insulate, inure, invigorate, iron, ironlike,
issued capital stock, knife, lapidify, lead, leaden, letter stock,
lion, lithify, loaned stock, long stock, marble, mercurial,
mercurous, nails, naked steel, nerve, nickel, nickelic, nickeline,
nonassessable stock, nonvoting stock, oak, ordinary shares, ossify,
ox, pale blue chip, participating preferred stock, penny stock,
petrify, pewter, pewtery, pigsticker, point, preference stock,
preferred stock, prepare, prop, protect, protective stock,
puncturer, quarter stock, quicksilver, rails, rally, ready,
refresh, reinforce, reinvigorate, restrengthen, reverse split,
rock, seasoned stock, share ledger, shares, sharpener, shore up,
short stock, silver, silver-plated, silvery,
special situation stock, specialty stock, speculative stock, split,
standard stock, steels, steely, stiffen, stiletto, stock,
stock ledger, stock list, stock split, stocks, stone, strengthen,
support, sustain, sword, temper, ten-share unit stock, tin, tinny,
toad sticker, toughen, treasury stock, trusty sword, undergird,
unissued capital stock, unmeasurable, utilities, vitrify,
voting stock, whittle
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:
The "bow of steel" in (A.V.) 2 Sam. 22:35; Job 20:24; Ps. 18:34
is in the Revised Version "bow of brass" (Heb.
kesheth-nehushah). In Jer. 15:12 the same word is used, and is
also rendered in the Revised Version "brass." But more correctly
it is copper (q.v.), as brass in the ordinary sense of the word
(an alloy of copper and zinc) was not known to the ancients.