3. [syn: spirituality, spiritualism, spiritism, otherworldliness]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Spiritualism \Spir"it*u*al*ism\, n.
1. The quality or state of being spiritual.
2. (Physiol.) The doctrine, in opposition to the
materialists, that all which exists is spirit, or soul --
that what is called the external world is either a
succession of notions impressed on the mind by the Deity,
as maintained by Berkeley, or else the mere educt of the
mind itself, as taught by Fichte.
3. A belief that departed spirits hold intercourse with
mortals by means of physical phenomena, as by rappng, or
during abnormal mental states, as in trances, or the like,
commonly manifested through a person of special
susceptibility, called a medium; spiritism; the doctrines
and practices of spiritualists.
What is called spiritualism should, I think, be
called a mental species of materialism. --R. H.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: (theology) any doctrine that asserts the separate existence
2: the belief that the spirits of dead people can communicate
with people who are still alive (especially via a medium)
3: concern with things of the spirit [syn: spirituality,
spiritualism, spiritism, otherworldliness] [ant:
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
29 Moby Thesaurus words for "spiritualism":
Berkeleianism, Hegelianism, Kantianism, Neoplatonism,
Platonic form, Platonic idea, Platonism, absolute idealism,
animatism, animism, form, hylozoism, idealism, immaterialism,
mediumism, metaphysical idealism, monistic idealism, necromancy,
panpsychism, personalism, psychism, seance, sitting, solipsism,
spirit, spiritism, subjectivism, transcendental, universal