[syn: pleonastic, redundant, tautologic, tautological]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Redundant \Re*dun"dant\ (-dant), a. [L. redundans, -antis, p.
pr. of redundare: cf. F. redondant. See Redound.]
1. Exceeding what is natural or necessary; superabundant;
exuberant; as, a redundant quantity of bile or food.
Notwithstanding the redundant oil in fishes, they do
not increase fat so much as flesh. --Arbuthnot.
2. Using more worrds or images than are necessary or useful;
Where an suthor is redundant, mark those paragraphs
to be retrenched. --I. Watts.
Syn: Superfluous; superabundant; excessive; exuberant;
overflowing; plentiful; copious.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
adj 1: more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to
lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on
the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be
thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by
technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room";
"supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of
her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary)
words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary
internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the
needy" [syn: excess, extra, redundant, spare,
supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary,
2: repetition of same sense in different words; "`a true fact'
and `a free gift' are pleonastic expressions"; "the phrase `a
beginner who has just started' is tautological"; "at the risk
of being redundant I return to my original proposition"-
J.B.Conant [syn: pleonastic, redundant, tautologic,
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
70 Moby Thesaurus words for "redundant":
abundant, battological, circumlocutory, copious, de trop, diffuse,
diffusive, dispensable, duplicative, echoic, echoing, effusive,
excess, excessive, expendable, expletive, extra, extravagant,
exuberant, fecund, formless, gratuitous, gushing, gushy, imitative,
in excess, inessential, iterative, long-winded, needless,
nonessential, overflowing, parrotlike, pleonastic, prodigal,
productive, profuse, profusive, prolific, prolix, recapitulative,
reduplicative, reechoing, reiterant, reiterative, repeating,
repetitional, repetitionary, repetitious, repetitive, roundabout,
spare, superabundant, supererogatory, superfluous, supernumerary,
surplus, tautologic, tautological, tautologous, teeming, to spare,
uncalled-for, unessential, unnecessary, unneeded, unwanted,
verbose, windy, wordy
The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906):
REDUNDANT, adj. Superfluous; needless; _de trop_.
The Sultan said: "There's evidence abundant
To prove this unbelieving dog redundant."
To whom the Grand Vizier, with mien impressive,
Replied: "His head, at least, appears excessive."
Mr. Debs is a redundant citizen.