[syn: redemption, repurchase, buyback]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
redemption \re*demp"tion\ (r[-e]*d[e^]mp"sh[u^]n), n. [F.
r['e]demption, L. redemptio. See redeem, and cf. ransom.]
The act of redeeming, or the state of being redeemed;
repurchase; ransom; release; rescue; deliverance; as, the
redemption of prisoners taken in war; the redemption of a
ship and cargo. Specifically:
(a) (Law) The liberation of an estate from a mortgage, or the
taking back of property mortgaged, upon performance of
the terms or conditions on which it was conveyed; also,
the right of redeeming and reentering upon an estate
mortgaged. See Equity of redemption, under Equity.
(b) (Com.) Performance of the obligation stated in a note,
bill, bond, or other evidence of debt, by making payment
to the holder.
(c) (Theol.) The procuring of God's favor by the sufferings
and death of Christ; the ransom or deliverance of sinners
from the bondage of sin and the penalties of God's
In whom we have redemption through his blood.
--Eph. i. 7.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: (theology) the act of delivering from sin or saving from
evil [syn: redemption, salvation]
2: repayment of the principal amount of a debt or security at or
before maturity (as when a corporation repurchases its own
3: the act of purchasing back something previously sold [syn:
redemption, repurchase, buyback]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
90 Moby Thesaurus words for "redemption":
absolution, adoption, amendment, amends, amnesty, atonement,
change of allegiance, change of heart, change of mind,
circumcision, compensation, composition, compromise, conversion,
deliverance, delivery, exculpation, excuse, exemption, exoneration,
expiation, expiatory offering, extrication, freeing, grace,
immunity, improvement, indemnification, indemnity, liberation,
lifesaving, making amends, making good, making right, making up,
new birth, new life, pardon, peace offering, piaculum,
propitiation, quittance, ransom, rebirth, recapture, reclaiming,
reclamation, recompense, recoup, recoupment, recovery,
recrudescence, recuperation, redeemedness, redress, reform,
reformation, regainment, regeneration, release, remission,
remission of sin, renascence, renewal, reoccupation, reparation,
replevin, replevy, repossession, reprieve, rescue, restitution,
restoration, resumption, retake, retaking, retrieval, retrieve,
revindication, revival, salvage, salvation, satisfaction, saving,
second birth, shrift, sparing, spiritual purification, squaring,
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:
the purchase back of something that had been lost, by the
payment of a ransom. The Greek word so rendered is
_apolutrosis_, a word occurring nine times in Scripture, and
always with the idea of a ransom or price paid, i.e., redemption
by a lutron (see Matt. 20:28; Mark 10:45). There are instances
in the LXX. Version of the Old Testament of the use of _lutron_
in man's relation to man (Lev. 19:20; 25:51; Ex. 21:30; Num.
35:31, 32; Isa. 45:13; Prov. 6:35), and in the same sense of
man's relation to God (Num. 3:49; 18:15).
There are many passages in the New Testament which represent
Christ's sufferings under the idea of a ransom or price, and the
result thereby secured is a purchase or redemption (comp. Acts
20:28; 1 Cor. 6:19, 20; Gal. 3:13; 4:4, 5; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14;
1 Tim. 2:5, 6; Titus 2:14; Heb. 9:12; 1 Pet. 1:18, 19; Rev.
5:9). The idea running through all these texts, however various
their reference, is that of payment made for our redemption. The
debt against us is not viewed as simply cancelled, but is fully
paid. Christ's blood or life, which he surrendered for them, is
the "ransom" by which the deliverance of his people from the
servitude of sin and from its penal consequences is secured. It
is the plain doctrine of Scripture that "Christ saves us neither
by the mere exercise of power, nor by his doctrine, nor by his
example, nor by the moral influence which he exerted, nor by any
subjective influence on his people, whether natural or mystical,
but as a satisfaction to divine justice, as an expiation for
sin, and as a ransom from the curse and authority of the law,
thus reconciling us to God by making it consistent with his
perfection to exercise mercy toward sinners" (Hodge's Systematic
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
REDEMPTION, contracts. The act of taking back by the seller from the buyer a
thing which had been sold subject to th right of repurchase.
2. The right of redemption then is an agreement by which the seller
reserves to himself the power of taking back the thing sold by returning the
price paid for it. As to the fund out of which a mortgaged estate is to be
redeemed, see Payment. Vide Equity of redemption.
The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906):
REDEMPTION, n. Deliverance of sinners from the penalty of their sin,
through their murder of the deity against whom they sinned. The
doctrine of Redemption is the fundamental mystery of our holy
religion, and whoso believeth in it shall not perish, but have
everlasting life in which to try to understand it.
We must awake Man's spirit from his sin,
And take some special measure for redeeming it;
Though hard indeed the task to get it in
Among the angels any way but teaming it,
Or purify it otherwise than steaming it.
I'm awkward at Redemption -- a beginner:
My method is to crucify the sinner.