1. [syn: fractious, refractory, recalcitrant]
2. marked by stubborn resistance to authority;
- Example: "the University suspended the most recalcitrant demonstrators"
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3 definitions retrieved:
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Recalcitrant \Re*cal"ci*trant\ (r[-e]*k[a^]l"s[i^]*trant), a.
[L. recalcitrans, p. pr. of recalcitrare to kick back; pref.
re- re- + calcitrare to kick, fr. calx heel. Cf.
Kicking back; recalcitrating; hence, showing repugnance or
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
adj 1: stubbornly resistant to authority or control; "a
fractious animal that would not submit to the harness";
"a refractory child" [syn: fractious, refractory,
2: marked by stubborn resistance to authority; "the University
suspended the most recalcitrant demonstrators"
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
145 Moby Thesaurus words for "recalcitrant":
adamant, adversary, adversative, adverse, alien, antagonistic,
anti, antipathetic, antithetic, at odds, averse, beyond control,
bouncing, bounding, breachy, breakaway, clashing, competitive,
complaining, con, conflicting, contradicting, contradictory,
contrary, contumacious, counter, counteractant, counteracting,
counteractive, countervailing, counterworking, cranky, cross,
crotchety, cursory, defiant, deviant, differing, disaccordant,
disagreeing, disinclined, disobedient, disputatious, disputing,
dissentient, dissenting, dissident, enemy, firm, forced, fractious,
headstrong, hostile, immovable, impatient of control, incorrigible,
indisposed, indocile, indomitable, inflexible, inimical,
insubordinate, insuppressible, intractable, involuntary,
irrepressible, mutinous, negative, nonconformable, nonconforming,
nonconformist, noncooperative, nonobservant, objecting, obstinate,
obstreperous, obstructive, on the barricades, opponent, opposed,
opposing, opposite, oppositional, oppositive, oppugnant, ornery,
out of hand, overthwart, perfunctory, perverse, proof against,
protesting, reactionary, reactionist, rebellious, rebounding,
recoiling, recusant, refractory, reluctant, renitent, repellent,
repercussive, repugnant, resilient, resistant, resisting,
resistive, restive, retardant, retardative, revolutionary, rival,
shrewish, springing, stiff, stubborn, sulky, sullen, unadaptable,
unadjustable, unbending, unbiddable, uncompliant, unconforming,
unconsenting, uncontrollable, uncooperative, undisciplined,
unfavorable, unfriendly, ungovernable, unmalleable, unmanageable,
unmoldable, unpropitious, unruly, unsubmissive, untoward,
unwilling, unyielding, up in arms, wayward, wild, withstanding