2. [syn: predestination, foreordination, preordination, predetermination]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Predestination \Pre*des`ti*na"tion\, n. [L. praedestinatio: cf.
1. The act of predestinating.
Predestination had overruled their will. --Milton.
2. (Theol.) The purpose of Good from eternity respecting all
events; especially, the preordination of men to
everlasting happiness or misery. See Calvinism.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: previous determination as if by destiny or fate
2: (theology) being determined in advance; especially the
doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God has
foreordained every event throughout eternity (including the
final salvation of mankind) [syn: predestination,
foreordination, preordination, predetermination]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
47 Moby Thesaurus words for "predestination":
absolute certainty, absoluteness, assurance, assuredness,
certain knowledge, certainness, certainty, certitude,
dead certainty, decree, definiteness, destiny, determinacy,
determinateness, doom, fate, foredestiny, foregone conclusion,
foreknowledge, foreordination, fortune, future, ineluctability,
inerrability, inerrancy, inevitability, infallibilism,
infallibility, karma, kismet, lot, necessity, nonambiguity,
noncontingency, positiveness, predetermination, preordination,
prescience, probatum, proved fact, sureness, surety, truth,
unambiguity, unequivocalness, univocity, unmistakableness
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:
This word is properly used only with reference to God's plan or
purpose of salvation. The Greek word rendered "predestinate" is
found only in these six passages, Acts 4:28; Rom. 8:29, 30; 1
Cor. 2:7; Eph. 1:5, 11; and in all of them it has the same
meaning. They teach that the eternal, sovereign, immutable, and
unconditional decree or "determinate purpose" of God governs all
This doctrine of predestination or election is beset with many
difficulties. It belongs to the "secret things" of God. But if
we take the revealed word of God as our guide, we must accept
this doctrine with all its mysteriousness, and settle all our
questionings in the humble, devout acknowledgment, "Even so,
Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight."
For the teaching of Scripture on this subject let the
following passages be examined in addition to those referred to
above; Gen. 21:12; Ex. 9:16; 33:19; Deut. 10:15; 32:8; Josh.
11:20; 1 Sam. 12:22; 2 Chr. 6:6; Ps. 33:12; 65:4; 78:68; 135:4;
Isa. 41:1-10; Jer. 1:5; Mark 13:20; Luke 22:22; John 6:37;
15:16; 17:2, 6, 9; Acts 2:28; 3:18; 4:28; 13:48; 17:26; Rom.
9:11, 18, 21; 11:5; Eph. 3:11; 1 Thess. 1:4; 2 Thess. 2:13; 2
Tim. 1:9; Titus 1:2; 1 Pet. 1:2. (See DECREES OF GOD; ELECTION.)
Hodge has well remarked that, "rightly understood, this
doctrine (1) exalts the majesty and absolute sovereignty of God,
while it illustrates the riches of his free grace and his just
displeasure with sin. (2.) It enforces upon us the essential
truth that salvation is entirely of grace. That no one can
either complain if passed over, or boast himself if saved. (3.)
It brings the inquirer to absolute self-despair and the cordial
embrace of the free offer of Christ. (4.) In the case of the
believer who has the witness in himself, this doctrine at once
deepens his humility and elevates his confidence to the full
assurance of hope" (Outlines).
The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906):
PREDESTINATION, n. The doctrine that all things occur according to
programme. This doctrine should not be confused with that of
foreordination, which means that all things are programmed, but does
not affirm their occurrence, that being only an implication from other
doctrines by which this is entailed. The difference is great enough
to have deluged Christendom with ink, to say nothing of the gore.
With the distinction of the two doctrines kept well in mind, and a
reverent belief in both, one may hope to escape perdition if spared.