1. reflect deeply on a subject;
- Example: "I mulled over the events of the afternoon"
- Example: "philosophers have speculated on the question of God for thousands of years"
- Example: "The scientist must stop to observe and start to excogitate"
[syn: chew over, think over, meditate, ponder, excogitate, contemplate, muse, reflect, mull, mull over, ruminate, speculate]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Ponder \Pon"der\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Pondered; p. pr. & vb. n. Pondering.] [L. ponderare, fr. pondus, ponderis, a weight, fr. pendere to weigh: cf. F. pond['e]rer. See Pendant, and cf. Pound a weight.] [1913 Webster] 1. To weigh. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. To weigh in the mind; to view with deliberation; to examine carefully; to consider attentively. [1913 Webster] Ponder the path of thy feet. --Prov. iv. 26. [1913 Webster] Syn: To Ponder, Consider, Muse. Usage: To consider means to view or contemplate with fixed thought. To ponder is to dwell upon with long and anxious attention, with a view to some practical result or decision. To muse is simply to think upon continuously with no definite object, or for the pleasure it gives. We consider any subject which is fairly brought before us; we ponder a concern involving great interests; we muse on the events of childhood. [1913 Webster]The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Ponder \Pon"der\, v. i. To think; to deliberate; to muse; -- usually followed by on or over. --Longfellow. [1913 Webster]WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
ponder v 1: reflect deeply on a subject; "I mulled over the events of the afternoon"; "philosophers have speculated on the question of God for thousands of years"; "The scientist must stop to observe and start to excogitate" [syn: chew over, think over, meditate, ponder, excogitate, contemplate, muse, reflect, mull, mull over, ruminate, speculate]Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
71 Moby Thesaurus words for "ponder": appraise, back down, balance, be abstracted, brood, brood over, chaw, chew over, chew the cud, cogitate, con over, consider, contemplate, debate, deliberate, deliberate over, deliberate upon, demur, digest, dwell, evaluate, excogitate, falter, fear, hang back, hem and haw, hesitate, hover, hum and haw, introspect, jib, meditate, meditate upon, mind, mull over, muse, muse on, muse over, pause, perpend, play around with, play with, ponder over, pull back, reason, reflect, reflect over, retreat, revolve, roll, ruminate, ruminate over, run over, scruple, shilly-shally, shy, speculate, stick at, stickle, stop to consider, straddle the fence, strain at, study, think, think over, think twice about, toy with, turn over, weigh, withdraw, yieldThe Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (26 July 2010):
Ponder A non-strict polymorphic, functional language by Jon Fairbairn
. Ponder's type system is unusual. It is more powerful than the Hindley-Milner type system used by ML and Miranda and extended by Haskell. Ponder adds extra recursive 'mu' types to those of Girard's System F, allowing more general recursion. Surprisingly, the type system and type inference algorithm are still not completely understood. ["Ponder and its Type System", J. Fairbairn, TR 31, Cambridge U Computer Lab, Nov 1982]. [J. Fairbairn, "Design and Implementation of a Simple Typed Language based on the Lambda-Calculus", Technical Report No. 75, Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, May 1985]. [J. Fairbairn, "A New Type-Checker for a Functional Language", Technical Report No. 53, Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, 1984]. [J. Fairbairn, "Some Types with Inclusion Properties in \forall, \rightarrow, \mu", Technical Report No. 171, Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Jun 1989]. [Valeria C. V. de Paiva, "Subtyping in Ponder (Preliminary Report)", Technical Report No. 203, Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Aug 1990].U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000):
Ponder, TX -- U.S. town in Texas Population (2000): 507 Housing Units (2000): 205 Land area (2000): 3.174507 sq. miles (8.221936 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.174507 sq. miles (8.221936 sq. km) FIPS code: 58664 Located within: Texas (TX), FIPS 48 Location: 33.179741 N, 97.285805 W ZIP Codes (1990): 76259 Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs. Headwords: Ponder, TX Ponder