[syn: particle, subatomic particle]
3. a function word that can be used in English to form phrasal verbs;
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Particle \Par"ti*cle\, n. [L. particula, dim. of pars, gen
partis, a part: cf. F. particule. See Part, and cf.
1. A minute part or portion of matter; a morsel; a little
bit; an atom; a jot; as, a particle of sand, of wood, of
The small size of atoms which unite
To make the smallest particle of light. --Blackmore.
2. Any very small portion or part; the smallest portion; as,
he has not a particle of patriotism or virtue.
The houses had not given their commissioners
authority in the least particle to recede.
3. (R. C. Ch.)
(a) A crumb or little piece of consecrated host.
(b) The smaller hosts distributed in the communion of the
laity. --Bp. Fitzpatrick.
4. (Gram.) A subordinate word that is never inflected (a
preposition, conjunction, interjection); or a word that
can not be used except in compositions; as, ward in
backward, ly in lovely.
4. (Physics) An elementary particle.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything [syn: atom,
molecule, particle, corpuscle, mote, speck]
2: a body having finite mass and internal structure but
negligible dimensions [syn: particle, subatomic particle]
3: a function word that can be used in English to form phrasal
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
148 Moby Thesaurus words for "particle":
K-meson, ace, adjectival, adjective, adverb, adverbial,
adversative conjunction, atom, attributive, beta particle, bit,
butt, chip, chunk, clip, clipping, collop, conjunction,
conjunctive adverb, coordinating conjunction, copulative,
copulative conjunction, correlative conjunction, crumb, cut,
cutting, dab, damn, disjunctive, disjunctive conjunction, dole,
dollop, dot, dram, dribble, driblet, drop, droplet, dwarf,
electron, end, exclamatory noun, farthing, fleck, flyspeck,
form class, form word, fragment, function class, gerundive, gleam,
gnat, gob, gobbet, grain, granule, graviton, groat, hair, handful,
hint, hoot, hunk, interjection, iota, jot, little, little bit,
lota, lump, meson, mesotron, microbe, microorganism, midge, minim,
minimum, minutia, minutiae, mite, modicum, moiety, molecule,
morsel, mote, neutron, nutshell, ounce, paring, part of speech,
participle, past participle, pebble, perfect participle, photon,
piece, pinch, pinhead, pinpoint, pion, pittance, point,
preposition, present participle, proton, quark, rasher, ray,
scintilla, scoop, scrap, scruple, shard, shaving, shiver, shred,
slice, sliver, smidgen, smidgin, smitch, smithereen, snack, snap,
snatch, snip, snippet, spark, speck, splinter, spoonful, spot,
stitch, stump, subordinating conjunction, suggestion, suspicion,
syllable, tatter, thimbleful, tiny bit, tittle, trifling amount,
trivia, vanishing point, verbal adjective, whit, whoop