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Wordnet 3.0

ADJECTIVE (2)

1. in operation or operational;
- Example: "left the oven on"
- Example: "the switch is in the on position"

2. (of events) planned or scheduled;
- Example: "the picnic is on, rain or shine"
- Example: "we have nothing on for Friday night"


ADVERB (3)

1. with a forward motion;
- Example: "we drove along admiring the view"
- Example: "the horse trotted along at a steady pace"
- Example: "the circus traveled on to the next city"
- Example: "move along"
- Example: "march on"
[syn: along, on]

2. indicates continuity or persistence or concentration;
- Example: "his spirit lives on"
- Example: "shall I read on?"

3. in a state required for something to function or be effective;
- Example: "turn the lights on"
- Example: "get a load on"


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

On \On\ ([o^]n), prep. [OE. on, an, o, a, AS. on, an; akin to D. aan, OS. & G. an, OHG. ana, Icel. [=a], Sw. [*a], Goth. ana, Russ. na, L. an-, in anhelare to pant, Gr. 'ana`, Zend ana. [root]195. Cf. A-, 1, Ana-, Anon.] The general signification of on is situation, motion, or condition with respect to contact or support beneath; as: [1913 Webster] 1. At, or in contact with, the surface or upper part of a thing, and supported by it; placed or lying in contact with the surface; as, the book lies on the table, which stands on the floor of a house on an island. [1913 Webster] I stood on the bridge at midnight. --Longfellow. [1913 Webster] 2. To or against the surface of; -- used to indicate the motion of a thing as coming or falling to the surface of another; as, rain falls on the earth. [1913 Webster] Whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken. --Matt. xxi. 44. [1913 Webster] 3. Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with; as, to play on a violin or piano. Hence, figuratively, to work on one's feelings; to make an impression on the mind. [1913 Webster] 4. At or near; adjacent to; -- indicating situation, place, or position; as, on the one hand, on the other hand; the fleet is on the American coast. [1913 Webster] 5. In addition to; besides; -- indicating multiplication or succession in a series; as, heaps on heaps; mischief on mischief; loss on loss; thought on thought. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 6. Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in; as, to depend on a person for assistance; to rely on; hence, indicating the ground or support of anything; as, he will promise on certain conditions; to bet on a horse; based on certain assumptions. [1913 Webster +PJC] 7. At or in the time of; during; as, on Sunday we abstain from labor. See At (synonym). [1913 Webster] 8. At the time of; -- often conveying some notion of cause or motive; as, on public occasions, the officers appear in full dress or uniform; the shop is closed on Sundays. Hence, in consequence of, or following; as, on the ratification of the treaty, the armies were disbanded; start on the count of three. [1913 Webster +PJC] 9. Toward; for; -- indicating the object of some passion; as, have pity or compassion on him. [1913 Webster] 10. At the peril of, or for the safety of. "Hence, on thy life." --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 11. By virtue of; with the pledge of; -- denoting a pledge or engagement, and put before the thing pledged; as, he affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honor. [1913 Webster] 12. To the account of; -- denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon; as, on us be all the blame; a curse on him. [1913 Webster] His blood be on us and on our children. --Matt. xxvii. 25. [1913 Webster] 13. In reference or relation to; as, on our part expect punctuality; a satire on society. [1913 Webster] 14. Of. [Obs.] "Be not jealous on me." --Shak. [1913 Webster] Or have we eaten on the insane root That takes the reason prisoner? --Shak. [1913 Webster] Note: Instances of this usage are common in our older writers, and are sometimes now heard in illiterate speech. [1913 Webster] 15. Occupied with; in the performance of; as, only three officers are on duty; on a journey; on the job; on an assignment; on a case; on the alert. [1913 Webster +PJC] 16. In the service of; connected with; a member of; as, he is on a newspaper; on a committee. [1913 Webster] Note: On and upon are in general interchangeable. In some applications upon is more euphonious, and is therefore to be preferred; but in most cases on is preferable. [1913 Webster] 17. In reference to; about; concerning; as, to think on it; to meditate on it. [PJC] On a bowline. (Naut.) Same as Closehauled. On a wind, or On the wind (Naut.), sailing closehauled. On a sudden. See under Sudden. On board, On draught, On fire, etc. See under Board, Draught, Fire, etc. On it, On't, of it. [Obs. or Colloq.] --Shak. On shore, on land; to the shore. On the road, On the way, On the wing, etc. See under Road, Way, etc. On to, upon; on; to; -- sometimes written as one word, onto, and usually called a colloquialism; but it may be regarded in analogy with into. [1913 Webster] They have added the -en plural form on to an elder plural. --Earle. [1913 Webster] We see the strength of the new movement in the new class of ecclesiastics whom it forced on to the stage. --J. R. Green. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

On \On\, adv. [See On, prep.] 1. Forward, in progression; onward; -- usually with a verb of motion; as, move on; go on; the beat goes on. "Time glides on." --Macaulay. [1913 Webster] The path is smooth that leadeth on to danger. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Forward, in succession; as, from father to son, from the son to the grandson, and so on. [1913 Webster] 3. In continuance; without interruption or ceasing; as, sleep on, take your ease; say on; sing on. [1913 Webster] 4. Adhering; not off; as in the phrase, "He is neither on nor off," that is, he is not steady, he is irresolute. [1913 Webster] 5. Attached to the body, as clothing or ornament, or for use. "I have boots on." --B. Gonson. [1913 Webster] He put on righteousness as a breastplate. --Is. lix. 17. [1913 Webster] 6. In progress; proceeding; ongoing; as, a game is on. [1913 Webster] Note: On is sometimes used as an exclamation, or a command to move or proceed, some verb being understood; as, on, comrades; that is, go on, move on. [1913 Webster] On and on, continuously; for a long time together. "Toiling on and on and on." --Longfellow. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Rub \Rub\, v. i. 1. To move along the surface of a body with pressure; to grate; as, a wheel rubs against the gatepost. [1913 Webster] 2. To fret; to chafe; as, to rub upon a sore. [1913 Webster] 3. To move or pass with difficulty; as, to rub through woods, as huntsmen; to rub through the world. [1913 Webster] To rub along or on, to go on with difficulty; as, they manage, with strict economy, to rub along. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

on adv 1: with a forward motion; "we drove along admiring the view"; "the horse trotted along at a steady pace"; "the circus traveled on to the next city"; "move along"; "march on" [syn: along, on] 2: indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; "his spirit lives on"; "shall I read on?" 3: in a state required for something to function or be effective; "turn the lights on"; "get a load on" adj 1: in operation or operational; "left the oven on"; "the switch is in the on position" [ant: off] 2: (of events) planned or scheduled; "the picnic is on, rain or shine"; "we have nothing on for Friday night" [ant: cancelled, off]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

123 Moby Thesaurus words for "on": about, above, accidental, accompanying, across, ado, afloat, afoot, after which, against, ahead, along, among, anent, apropos of, as for, as regards, as respects, as to, astraddle, astride, at, atop, by, by dint of, by means of, by use of, by virtue of, by way of, circumstantial, concerning, current, doing, en route to, eventuating, for, forth, forward, forwards, from, going on, happening, headed for, hereby, hereinafter, herewith, horseback, in, in connection with, in contact with, in hand, in passage to, in point of, in re, in reference to, in regard to, in relation to, in relation with, in respect to, in the wind, in transit to, in virtue of, incidental, near, next to, occasional, occurring, of, on foot, on horseback, on route to, on top of, ongoing, onward, onwards, opposite, over, over against, passing, per, pertaining to, pertinent to, prevailing, prevalent, re, referring to, regarding, relating to, relative to, respecting, resultant, speaking of, straddle, straddle-legged, straddleback, taking place, thanks to, thereby, therewith, through, to, touching, toward, towards, under way, up, up against, upon, upon which, versus, vis-a-vis, whereat, whereby, wherefore, whereon, whereto, whereunto, whereupon, wherewith, wherewithal, with, with regard to, with respect to
V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (September 2014):

ON Ordinary Node (Kazaa, P2P)
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:

On light; the sun, (Gen. 41:45, 50), the great seat of sun-worship, called also Bethshemesh (Jer. 43:13) and Aven (Ezek. 30:17), stood on the east bank of the Nile, a few miles north of Memphis, and near Cairo, in the north-east. The Vulgate and the LXX. Versions have "Heliopolis" ("city of the sun") instead of On in Genesis and of Aven in Ezekiel. The "city of destruction" Isaiah speaks of (19:18, marg. "of Heres;" Heb. 'Ir-ha-heres, which some MSS. read Ir-ha-heres, i.e., "city of the sun") may be the name given to On, the prophecy being that the time will come when that city which was known as the "city of the sun-god" shall become the "city of destruction" of the sun-god, i.e., when idolatry shall cease, and the worship of the true God be established. In ancient times this city was full of obelisks dedicated to the sun. Of these only one now remains standing. "Cleopatra's Needle" was one of those which stood in this city in front of the Temple of Tum, i.e., "the sun." It is now erected on the Thames Embankment, London. "It was at On that Joseph wooed and won the dark-skinned Asenath, the daughter of the high priest of its great temple." This was a noted university town, and here Moses gained his acquaintance with "all the wisdom of the Egyptians."
Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary (late 1800's):

On, pain; force; iniquity