[syn: icon, ikon]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
icon \i"con\ ([imac]"k[o^]n), n. [Also spelled ikon.] [L., fr.
1. An image or representation; a portrait or pretended
Netherlands whose names and icons are published.
2. (Gr. Ch.) A sacred picture representing the Virgin Mary,
Christ, a saint, or a martyr, and having the same function
as an image of such a person in the Latin Church. The term
is used especially for a highly stylized and
conventionalized representation of a holy person, rich in
symbolism and used in devotional services in many of the
eastern Orthodox churches, especially the Greek and
Russian Orthodox Churches.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]
3. a symbol, especially a symbol whose form suggests its
meaning or the object it represents.
4. (Computers) a graphical symbol for a data object whose
form suggests the nature or function of the object;
especially, such a symbol as viewed on the computer
Note: In a graphical user interface, pointing to and clicking
on an icon may cause any of several types of actions,
such as opening a file or executing a program,
depending on how the icon properties are defined.
5. any object of uncritical devotion.
The former congresswoman and Vice-Presidential
candidate Geraldine Ferraro is still an icon to many
party members. --The New York
6. an outstanding example of something which has come to
represent the class of things to which it belongs; a
paragon; used of persons as well as objects.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: (computer science) a graphic symbol (usually a simple
picture) that denotes a program or a command or a data file
or a concept in a graphical user interface
2: a visual representation (of an object or scene or person or
abstraction) produced on a surface; "they showed us the
pictures of their wedding"; "a movie is a series of images
projected so rapidly that the eye integrates them" [syn:
picture, image, icon, ikon]
3: a conventional religious painting in oil on a small wooden
panel; venerated in the Eastern Church [syn: icon, ikon]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
141 Moby Thesaurus words for "icon":
Agnus Dei, Holy Grail, Host, Pieta, Sanctus bell, Sangraal,
abstract, abstraction, altarpiece, ark, asperger, asperges,
aspergillum, bambino, beadroll, beads, block print, candle, censer,
certified copy, chaplet, ciborium, collage, color print, companion,
copy, counterfeit, cross, crucifix, cruet, cyclorama, daub,
dead ringer, diptych, double, duplicate, ectype, effigy, engraving,
eucharistial, exact likeness, fair copy, faithful copy, fake,
fellow, forgery, fresco, glosseme, holy cross, holy water,
holy-water sprinkler, idol, illumination, illustration, image,
imitation, incensory, lexeme, lexical form, likeness, living image,
living picture, match, mate, matzo, menorah, mezuzah, mikvah,
miniature, mirroring, model, monstrance, montage, morpheme, mosaic,
mural, osculatory, ostensorium, panorama, paschal candle,
pasticcio, pastiche, pax, phony, photograph, phrase, phylacteries,
picture, portrait, prayer shawl, prayer wheel, print, pyx,
reflection, relics, representation, reproduction, resemblance,
rood, rosary, rubbing, sacramental, sacred relics, sacring bell,
semasiological unit, semblance, sememe, shadow, shofar, sign,
signifiant, significant, similitude, simulacrum, spit and image,
spitting image, stained glass window, stencil, still life, sukkah,
symbol, tabernacle, tableau, tallith, tapestry, term, thurible,
token, trace, tracing, triptych, twin, type, urceole, veronica,
very image, very picture, vigil light, votive candle,
wall painting, word
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):
A small picture intended to represent something (a
file, directory, or action) in a graphical user interface.
When an icon is clicked on, some action is performed such as
opening a directory or aborting a file transfer.
Icons are usually stored as bitmap images. Microsoft
Windows uses a special bitmap format with file name extension
".ico" as well as embedding icons in executable (".exe") and
Dynamically Linked Library (DLL) files.
The term originates from Alan Kay's theory for designing
interfaces which was primarily based on the work of Jerome
Bruner. Bruner's second developmental stage, iconic, uses a
system of representation that depends on visual or other
sensory organization and upon the use of summarising images.
[What MS tool can create .ico files?]
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):
A descendant of SNOBOL4 with Pascal-like
syntax, produced by Griswold in the 1970's. Icon is a
general-purpose language with special features for string
scanning. It has dynamic types: records, sets, lists,
strings, tables. If has some object oriented features but
no modules or exceptions. It has a primitive Unix
The central theme of Icon is the generator: when an expression
is evaluated it may be suspended and later resumed, producing
a result sequence of values until it fails. Resumption takes
place implicitly in two contexts: iteration which is
syntactically loop-like ('every-do'), and goal-directed
evaluation in which a conditional expression automatically
attempts to produce at least one result. Expressions that
fail are used in lieu of Booleans. Data backtracking is
supported by a reversible assignment. Icon also has
co-expressions, which can be explicitly resumed at any time.
Version 8.8 by Ralph Griswold includes
an interpreter, a compiler (for some platforms) and a
library (v8.8). Icon has been ported to Amiga, Atari,
CMS, Macintosh, Macintosh/MPW, MS-DOS, MVS, OS/2,
Unix, VMS, Acorn.
See also Ibpag2.
(ftp://cs.arizona.edu/icon/), MS-DOS FTP
Usenet newsgroup: news:comp.lang.icon.
E-mail: , .
Mailing list: firstname.lastname@example.org.
["The Icon Programmming Language", Ralph E. Griswold and Madge
T. Griswold, Prentice Hall, seond edition, 1990].
["The Implementation of the Icon Programmming Language", Ralph
E. Griswold and Madge T. Griswold, Princeton University Press