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Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (1)

1. an instrument of execution consisting of a wooden frame from which a condemned person is executed by hanging;


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Gallows \Gal"lows\, n. sing.; pl. Gallowsesor Gallows. [OE. galwes, pl., AS. galga, gealga, gallows, cross; akin to D. galg gallows, OS. & OHG. galgo, G. galgen, Icel. g[=a]lgi, Sw. & Dan. galge, Goth. galga a cross. Etymologically and historically considered, gallows is a noun in the plural number, but it is used as a singular, and hence is preceded by a; as, a gallows.] 1. A frame from which is suspended the rope with which criminals are executed by hanging, usually consisting of two upright posts and a crossbeam on the top; also, a like frame for suspending anything. [1913 Webster] So they hanged Haman on the gallows. --Esther vii. 10. [1913 Webster] If I hang, I'll make a fat pair of gallows. --Shak. [1913 Webster] O, there were desolation of gaolers and gallowses! --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. A wretch who deserves the gallows. [R.] --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. (Print.) The rest for the tympan when raised. [1913 Webster] 4. pl. A pair of suspenders or braces. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] Gallows bird, a person who deserves the gallows. [Colloq.] Gallows bitts (Naut.), one of two or more frames amidships on deck for supporting spare spars; -- called also gallows, gallows top, gallows frame, etc. Gallows frame. (a) The frame supporting the beam of an engine. (b) (Naut.) Gallows bitts. Gallows tree, or Gallow tree, the gallows. [1913 Webster] At length him nail['e]d on a gallow tree. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

gallows n 1: an instrument of execution consisting of a wooden frame from which a condemned person is executed by hanging
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

52 Moby Thesaurus words for "gallows": ax, beheading, block, burning, capital punishment, cross, crucifixion, death chair, death chamber, decapitation, decollation, defenestration, drop, electric chair, electrocution, execution, fusillade, gallows-tree, garrote, gas chamber, gassing, gibbet, guillotine, halter, hanging, hemlock, hemp, hempen collar, hot seat, judicial murder, lapidation, lethal chamber, maiden, necktie party, noose, poisoning, rope, scaffold, shooting, stake, stoning, strangling, strangulation, the ax, the block, the chair, the gallows, the gas chamber, the guillotine, the hot seat, the rope, tree
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:

Gallows Heb. 'ets, meaning "a tree" (Esther 6:4), a post or gibbet. In Gen. 40:19 and Deut. 21:22 the word is rendered "tree."
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):

GALLOWS. An erection on which to bang criminals condemned to death.
The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906):

GALLOWS, n. A stage for the performance of miracle plays, in which the leading actor is translated to heaven. In this country the gallows is chiefly remarkable for the number of persons who escape it. Whether on the gallows high Or where blood flows the reddest, The noblest place for man to die -- Is where he died the deadest. (Old play)