1. [syn: aghast(p), appalled, dismayed, shocked]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Dismay \Dis*may"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Dismayed; p. pr. & vb.
n. Dismaying.] [OE. desmaien, dismaien, OF. esmaier; pref.
es- (L. ex) + OHG. magan to be strong or able; akin to E.
may. In English the pref. es- was changed to dis- (L. dis-).
See May, v. i.]
1. To disable with alarm or apprehensions; to depress the
spirits or courage of; to deprive or firmness and energy
through fear; to daunt; to appall; to terrify.
Be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed. --Josh. i.
What words be these? What fears do you dismay?
2. To render lifeless; to subdue; to disquiet. [Obs.]
Do not dismay yourself for this. --Spenser.
Syn: To terrify; fright; affright; frighten; appall; daunt;
dishearthen; dispirit; discourage; deject; depress. --
To Dismay, Daunt, Appall. Dismay denotes a state
of deep and gloomy apprehension. To daunt supposes
something more sudden and startling. To appall is the
strongest term, implying a sense of terror which
overwhelms the faculties.
So flies a herd of beeves, that hear, dismayed,
The lions roaring through the midnight shade.
Jove got such heroes as my sire, whose soul
No fear could daunt, nor earth nor hell control.
Now the last ruin the whole host appalls;
Now Greece has trembled in her wooden walls.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
adj 1: struck with fear, dread, or consternation [syn:
aghast(p), appalled, dismayed, shocked]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
83 Moby Thesaurus words for "dismayed":
abashed, abroad, adrift, affrighted, afraid, agape, alarmed,
astray, at sea, bewildered, bothered, chicken, chickenhearted,
clueless, confounded, confused, consternated, coward, cowardly,
cowed, daunted, discomfited, discomposed, disconcerted,
disoriented, disquieted, distracted, distraught, disturbed,
dumbfounded, embarrassed, fainthearted, fazed, fearful, frightened,
funking, funky, guessing, henhearted, in a fix, in a fright,
in a funk, in a maze, in a pickle, in a scrape, in a stew,
intimidated, lily-livered, lost, mazed, milk-livered, milksoppish,
milksoppy, mousy, off the track, overtimid, overtimorous,
overwhelmed, panic-prone, panicky, perturbed, pigeonhearted,
put-out, rabbity, rattled, shocked, sissified, sissy, soft,
startled, thunderstruck, timid, timorous, turned around, unmanly,
unmanned, upset, weak, weak-kneed, weakhearted, white-livered,
without a clue, yellow