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Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (9)

1. table consisting of a horizontal surface over which business is transacted;

2. game equipment (as a piece of wood, plastic, or ivory) used for keeping a count or reserving a space in various card or board games;

3. a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens;
[syn: counter, tabulator]

4. a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers;
[syn: buffet, counter, sideboard]

5. a person who counts things;

6. a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one);
- Example: "it brought a sharp rejoinder from the teacher"
[syn: rejoinder, retort, return, riposte, replication, comeback, counter]

7. (computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers);

8. a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe or boot;
- Example: "a counter may be used to stiffen the material around the heel and to give support to the foot"
[syn: counter, heel counter]

9. a return punch (especially by a boxer);
[syn: counterpunch, parry, counter]


VERB (2)

1. speak in response;
- Example: "He countered with some very persuasive arguments"

2. act in advance of; deal with ahead of time;
[syn: anticipate, foresee, forestall, counter]


ADJECTIVE (1)

1. indicating opposition or resistance;
[syn: antagonistic, counter]


ADVERB (1)

1. in the opposite direction;
- Example: "run counter"


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Speed counter \Speed counter\ (Mach.) A device for automatically counting the revolutions or pulsations of an engine or other machine; -- called also simply counter. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Counter \Coun"ter\, n. [OE. countour, OF. contouer, comptouer, F. comptoir, LL. computatorium, prop., a computing place, place of accounts, fr. L. computare. See Count, v. t.] A table or board on which money is counted and over which business is transacted; a long, narrow table or bench, on which goods are laid for examination by purchasers, or on which they are weighed or measured. [1913 Webster] Over the counter (a) (Stock Exchanges), in an office; -- said of business so done, as distinguished from that done at an exchange. [Cant] (a) without a prescription; needing no prescription; -- said of medicines that can be legally bought without a physician's prescription. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Counter- \Coun"ter-\ (koun"t[~e]r-). Note: [See Counter, adv. ] A prefix meaning contrary, opposite, in opposition; as, counteract, counterbalance, countercheck. See Counter, adv. & a. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Counter \Count"er\ (koun"t[~e]r), n. [OE. countere, countour, a counter (in sense 1), OF. contere, conteor, fr. conter to count. See Count, v. t. ] 1. One who counts, or reckons up; a calculator; a reckoner. [1913 Webster] 2. A piece of metal, ivory, wood, or bone, used in reckoning, in keeping account of games, etc. [1913 Webster] The old gods of our own race whose names . . . serve as counters reckon the days of the week. --E. B. Tylor. [1913 Webster] What comes the wool to? . . . I can not do it without counters. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. Money; coin; -- used in contempt. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] To lock such rascal counters from his friends. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 4. A prison; either of two prisons formerly in London. [1913 Webster] Anne Aysavugh . . . imprisoned in the Counter. --Fuller. [1913 Webster] 5. A telltale; a contrivance attached to an engine, printing press, or other machine, for the purpose of counting the revolutions or the pulsations. --Knight. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Counter \Coun"ter\, adv. [F. contre, fr. L. contra against. Cf. Contra-.] 1. Contrary; in opposition; in an opposite direction; contrariwise; -- used chiefly with run or go. [1913 Webster] Running counter to all the rules of virtue. --Locks. [1913 Webster] 2. In the wrong way; contrary to the right course; as, a hound that runs counter. [1913 Webster] This is counter, you false Danish dogs! --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. At or against the front or face. [R.] [1913 Webster] Which [darts] they never throw counter, but at the back of the flier. --Sandys. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Counter \Coun"ter\, a. Contrary; opposite; contrasted; opposed; adverse; antagonistic; as, a counter current; a counter revolution; a counter poison; a counter agent; counter fugue. "Innumerable facts attesting the counter principle." --I. Taylor. [1913 Webster] Counter approach (Fort.), a trench or work pushed forward from defensive works to meet the approaches of besiegers. See Approach. Counter bond (Law), in old practice, a bond to secure one who has given bond for another. Counter brace. See Counter brace, in Vocabulary. Counter deed (Law), a secret writing which destroys, invalidates, or alters, a public deed. Counter distinction, contradistinction. [Obs.] Counter drain, a drain at the foot of the embankment of a canal or watercourse, for carrying off the water that may soak through. Counter extension (Surg.), the fixation of the upper part of a limb, while extension is practiced on the lower part, as in cases of luxation or fracture. Counter fissure (Surg.) Same as Contrafissure. Counter indication. (Med.) Same as Contraindication. Counter irritant (Med.), an irritant to produce a blister, a pustular eruption, or other irritation in some part of the body, in order to relieve an existing irritation in some other part. "Counter irritants are of as great use in moral as in physical diseases." --Macaulay. Counter irritation (Med.), the act or the result of applying a counter irritant. Counter opening, an aperture or vent on the opposite side, or in a different place. Counter parole (Mil.), a word in addition to the password, given in time of alarm as a signal. Counter plea (Law), a replication to a plea. --Cowell. Counter pressure, force or pressure that acts in a contrary direction to some other opposing pressure. Counter project, a project, scheme, or proposal brought forward in opposition to another, as in the negotiation of a treaty. --Swift. Counter proof, in engraving, a print taken off from another just printed, which, by being passed through the press, gives a copy in reverse, and of course in the same position as that of plate from which the first was printed, the object being to enable the engraver to inspect the state of the plate. Counter revolution, a revolution opposed to a former one, and restoring a former state of things. Counter revolutionist, one engaged in, or befriending, a counter revolution. Counter round (Mil.), a body of officers whose duty it is to visit and inspect the rounds and sentinels. Counter sea (Naut.), a sea running in an opposite direction from the wind. Counter sense, opposite meaning. Counter signal, a signal to answer or correspond to another. Counter signature, the name of a secretary or other officer countersigned to a writing. --Tooke. Counter slope, an overhanging slope; as, a wall with a counter slope. --Mahan. Counter statement, a statement made in opposition to, or denial of, another statement. Counter surety, a counter bond, or a surety to secure one who has given security. Counter tally, a tally corresponding to another. Counter tide, contrary tide. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Counter \Coun"ter\, n. [See Counter, adv., Contra.] 1. (Naut.) The after part of a vessel's body, from the water line to the stern, -- below and somewhat forward of the stern proper. [1913 Webster] 2. (Mus.) Same as Contra. Formerly used to designate any under part which served for contrast to a principal part, but now used as equivalent to counter tenor. [1913 Webster] 3. (Far.) The breast, or that part of a horse between the shoulders and under the neck. [1913 Webster] 4. The back leather or heel part of a boot. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Counter \Coun"ter\ (koun"t?r), n. An encounter. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] With kindly counter under mimic shade. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Counter \Coun"ter\, v. i. (Boxing) To return a blow while receiving one, as in boxing. [1913 Webster] His left hand countered provokingly. --C. Kingsley. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

counter adv 1: in the opposite direction; "run counter" adj 1: indicating opposition or resistance [syn: antagonistic, counter] n 1: table consisting of a horizontal surface over which business is transacted 2: game equipment (as a piece of wood, plastic, or ivory) used for keeping a count or reserving a space in various card or board games 3: a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens [syn: counter, tabulator] 4: a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers [syn: buffet, counter, sideboard] 5: a person who counts things 6: a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one); "it brought a sharp rejoinder from the teacher" [syn: rejoinder, retort, return, riposte, replication, comeback, counter] 7: (computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers) 8: a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe or boot; "a counter may be used to stiffen the material around the heel and to give support to the foot" [syn: counter, heel counter] 9: a return punch (especially by a boxer) [syn: counterpunch, parry, counter] v 1: speak in response; "He countered with some very persuasive arguments" 2: act in advance of; deal with ahead of time [syn: anticipate, foresee, forestall, counter]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

451 Moby Thesaurus words for "counter": Geiger counter, Wilson chamber, X-ray spectrograph, X-ray spectrometer, abjure, adversary, adversative, adverse, adversive, advocate, against the grain, against the tide, against the wind, agree to disagree, alien, allege in support, alpha pulse analyzer, ambo, answer, antagonistic, antagonize, anti, antipathetic, antipodal, antipode, antipodean, antipodes, antipole, antithesis, antithetic, antithetical, antonym, antonymous, argue for, ascender, assert, assert the contrary, at cross-purposes, at daggers, at daggers drawn, at issue, at odds, at opposite extremes, at variance, at war with, athwart, atom counter, atom-tagger, back, back to back, backward, baffle, baggage check, balancing, balk, bar, bastard type, be antipathetic, be at cross-purposes, be inimical, be opposed to, beard, beat against, beat off, belie, belly, bench, bevel, black letter, blast, block, board, body, boomerang, boron counter, brave, break, break off, buffet, cap, capital, case, challenge, champion, check, checkmate, chip, circumvent, clash, clashing, cloud chamber, collide, come back at, comeback, compensating, competitive, con, conflict, conflict with, conflicting, confound, confront, confronting, confute, contend for, contest, contra, contradict, contradictory, contradistinct, contrapose, contrapositive, contrarious, contrariwise, contrary, contrast with, contrasted, contrasting, contravene, controvert, converse, cosmic ray counter, counteract, counteractive, counterattack, counterbalance, counterbalancing, counterblast, counterblow, countercheck, countermand, counterpoint, counterpoise, counterpoised, counterpole, counterpose, counterstroke, counterterm, countervail, countervailing, counterwork, counting tube, coupon, cross, dash, dead against, defeat, defend, defy, deny, descender, desk, destroy, detrimental, differ, different, difficult, disaccord, disaccordant, disaffirm, disagree, disallow, disavow, disc, disclaim, discomfit, disconcert, discordant, discountenance, discrepant, dish, disown, disparate, disprove, dispute, disrupt, dissent, dissentient, dissimilar, divergent, diverse, drive back, electronic counter, elude, em, en, enemy, escritoire, espouse, exchange, expansion chamber, eyeball to eyeball, eyeball-to-eyeball, face, face to face, fantail, fat-faced type, feet, fend, fend off, flummox, foil, font, forswear, fractious, frustrate, gainsay, gamma ray counter, get back at, give and take, give in exchange, give in return, give-and-take, go against, go counter to, groove, hard, hardly like, harmful, hat check, heavy particle counter, heel, hinder, hindering, hit back at, hold at bay, hold off, hostile, impeding, impugn, in confrontation, in hostile array, in opposition, inconsistent, inimical, interchange, interfere with, inverse, ion counter, ionization chamber, ionizing event, italic, jangle, jar, join issue upon, join the opposition, jostle, just opposite, juxtapose in opposition, keep at bay, keep off, knock the chocks, lectern, letter, ligature, lock horns, logotype, lower case, maintain, majuscule, make a plea, marker, match, meet head-on, militate against, minuscule, miserable, mismatch, mismate, negate, negative, nick, noncooperative, nonplus, nonuniform, nose to nose, not abide, not accept, not admit, not easy, notions counter, nullify, object, obstinate, obstruct, obstructive, obverse, odd, off, offbeat, offset, opponent, oppose, opposed, opposing, opposite, opposite number, oppositional, oppositive, oppugn, oppugnant, out, overthwart, parry, particle counter, perplex, perverse, pi, pica, piece, pit, play at cross-purposes, plead for, point, polar, poles apart, poop, print, protest, push back, pushcart, put back, radiodetector, rebuff, rebut, recalcitrant, recant, reciprocate, reciprocation, recoil, reflex, refractory, refuse to admit, refute, renounce, repel, reply, repudiate, repugnant, repulse, resist, respond, retaliate, retaliation, retort, retract, return, reverse, reversed, revoke, rigorous, riposte, rival, roman, rudderpost, ruin, run against, run counter to, sabotage, sans serif, say in defense, scarcely like, scotch, scrip, script, secretaire, secretary, set off, setoff, shank, shopboard, shoulder, showcase, sinister, slug, small cap, small capital, speak for, speak up for, spike, spoil, squared off, stamp, stand, stand up for, stave off, stem, stern, stick up for, stop, stressful, strike back, stump, support, sustain, swim upstream, table, tag, tail end, take back, take issue with, the contrary, the other side, thwart, ticket, token, traverse, troublesome, troublous, trying, tube counter, turn aside, turned around, type, type body, type class, type lice, typecase, typeface, typefounders, typefoundry, unalike, uncooperative, unfavorable, unfriendly, unidentical, unlike, unmatched, unpropitious, unresembling, unsame, unsimilar, untoward, up in arms, uphold, upper case, upset, urge reasons for, vary, vie, vis-a-vis, vote against, ward off, with crossed bayonets, withstand, work against, workbench, wretched, writing table, wrong-way, wrong-way around
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):

COUNTER, Eng. law. The name of an ancient prison in the city of London, which has now been demolished.