Free Dictionary

Free Dictionary

Home ×
Link Link Link Link

Search Result for "congregation": 
Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (3)

1. a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church;
[syn: congregation, fold, faithful]

2. an assemblage of people or animals or things collected together;
- Example: "a congregation of children pleaded for his autograph"
- Example: "a great congregation of birds flew over"

3. the act of congregating;
[syn: congregation, congregating]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Congregation \Con`gre*ga"tion\, n. [L. congregatio: cf. F. congr['e]gation.] 1. The act of congregating, or bringing together, or of collecting into one aggregate or mass. [1913 Webster] The means of reduction in the fire is but by the congregation of homogeneal parts. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. A collection or mass of separate things. [1913 Webster] A foul and pestilent congregation of vapors. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. An assembly of persons; a gathering; esp. an assembly of persons met for the worship of God, and for religious instruction; a body of people who habitually so meet. [1913 Webster] He [Bunyan] rode every year to London, and preached there to large and attentive congregations. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 4. (Anc. Jewish Hist.) The whole body of the Jewish people; -- called also Congregation of the Lord. [1913 Webster] It is a sin offering for the congregation. --Lev. iv. 21. [1913 Webster] 5. (R. C. Ch.) (a) A body of cardinals or other ecclesiastics to whom as intrusted some department of the church business; as, the Congregation of the Propaganda, which has charge of the missions of the Roman Catholic Church. (b) A company of religious persons forming a subdivision of a monastic order. [1913 Webster] 6. The assemblage of Masters and Doctors at Oxford or Cambrige University, mainly for the granting of degrees. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] 7. (Scotch Church Hist.) the name assumed by the Protestant party under John Knox. The leaders called themselves (1557) Lords of the Congregation. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

congregation n 1: a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church [syn: congregation, fold, faithful] 2: an assemblage of people or animals or things collected together; "a congregation of children pleaded for his autograph"; "a great congregation of birds flew over" 3: the act of congregating [syn: congregation, congregating]
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:

Congregation (Heb. kahal), the Hebrew people collectively as a holy community (Num. 15:15). Every circumcised Hebrew from twenty years old and upward was a member of the congregation. Strangers resident in the land, if circumcised, were, with certain exceptions (Ex. 12:19; Num. 9:14; Deut. 23:1-3), admitted to the privileges of citizenship, and spoken of as members of the congregation (Ex. 12:19; Num. 9:14; 15:15). The congregation were summonded together by the sound of two silver trumpets, and they met at the door of the tabernacle (Num. 10:3). These assemblies were convened for the purpose of engaging in solemn religious services (Ex. 12:27; Num. 25:6; Joel 2:15), or of receiving new commandments (Ex. 19:7, 8). The elders, who were summonded by the sound of one trumpet (Num. 10:4), represented on various occasions the whole congregation (Ex. 3:16; 12:21; 17:5; 24:1). After the conquest of Canaan, the people were assembled only on occasions of the highest national importance (Judg. 20; 2 Chr. 30:5; 34:29; 1 Sam. 10:17; 2 Sam. 5:1-5; 1 Kings 12:20; 2 Kings 11:19; 21:24; 23:30). In subsequent times the congregation was represented by the Sanhedrim; and the name synagogue, applied in the Septuagint version exclusively to the congregation, came to be used to denote the places of worship established by the Jews. (See CHURCH.) In Acts 13:43, where alone it occurs in the New Testament, it is the same word as that rendered "synagogue" (q.v.) in ver. 42, and is so rendered in ver. 43 in R.V.