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Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (3)

1. a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones);
[syn: code, codification]

2. a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy;

3. (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions;
[syn: code, computer code]


VERB (2)

1. attach a code to;
- Example: "Code the pieces with numbers so that you can identify them later"

2. convert ordinary language into code;
- Example: "We should encode the message for security reasons"
[syn: code, encipher, cipher, cypher, encrypt, inscribe, write in code]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), n. [F., fr. L. codex, caudex, the stock or stem of a tree, a board or tablet of wood smeared over with wax, on which the ancients originally wrote; hence, a book, a writing.] 1. A body of law, sanctioned by legislation, in which the rules of law to be specifically applied by the courts are set forth in systematic form; a compilation of laws by public authority; a digest. [1913 Webster] Note: The collection of laws made by the order of Justinian is sometimes called, by way of eminence, "The Code" . --Wharton. [1913 Webster] 2. Any system of rules or regulations relating to one subject; as, the medical code, a system of rules for the regulation of the professional conduct of physicians. [1913 Webster] 3. Any set of symbols or combinations of symbols used for communication in any medium, such as by telegraph or semaphore. See Morse code, and error-correcting code. [PJC] Note: A system of rules for making communications at sea by means of signals has been referred to as the naval code. [1913 Webster] 4. Any set of standards established by the governing authority of a geopolitical entity restricting the ways that certain activities may be performed, especially the manner in which buildings or specific systems within buildings may be constructed; as, a building code; a plumbing code; a health code. [PJC] 5. Any system used for secrecy in communication, in which the content of a communication is converted, prior to transmission, into symbols whose meaning is known only to authorized recipients of the message; such codes are used to prevent unauthorized persons from learning the content of the communication. The process of converting a communication into secret symbols by means of a code is called encoding or encryption. However, unauthorized persons may learn the code by various means, as in code-breaking. [PJC] 6. An error-correcting code. See below. [PJC] 7. (Computers) The set of instructions for a computer program written by a programmer, usually in a programming language such as Fortran, C, Cobol, Java, C++, etc.; also, the executable binary object code. All such programs except for the binary object code must be converted by a compiler program into object code, which is the arrangement of data bits which can be directly interpreted by a computer. [PJC] Code civil or Code Napoleon, a code enacted in France in 1803 and 1804, embodying the law of rights of persons and of property generally. --Abbot. error-correcting code (Computers) A set of symbols used to represent blocks of binary data, in which the original block of data is represented by a larger block of data which includes additional bits arranged in such a way that the original data may be read even if one or more of the bits of the encoded data is changed, as in a noisy communicaiton channel. Various codes are available which can correct different numbers or patterns of errors in the transmitted data. Such codes are used to achieve higher accuracy in data transmission, and in data storage devices such as disk drives and tape drives. object code (Computers) the arrangement of bits stored in computer memory or a data storage device which, when fed to the instruction processor of a computer's central processing unit, can be interpreted directly as instructions for execution. genetic code (Biochemistry, genetics) The set of correspondences between sequences of three bases (codons) in a RNA chain to the amino acid which those three bases represent in the process of protein synthesis. Thus, the sequence UUU codes for phenylalanine, and AUG codes for methionine. There are twenty-one naturally-occurring amino acids, and sixty-four possible arrangements of three bases in RNA; thus some of the amino acids are represented by more than one codon. Several codons do not represent amino acids, but cause termination of the synthesis of a growing amnio acid chain. [1913 Webster +PJC] Note: The genetic code is represented by the following table: The Genetic Code ===================================================== UUU Phenylalanine (Phe) AUU Isoleucine (Ile) UCU Serine (Ser) ACU Threonine (Thr) UAU Tyrosine (Tyr) AAU Asparagine (Asn) UGU Cysteine (Cys) AGU Serine (Ser) UUC Phe AUC Ile UCC Ser ACC Thr UAC Tyr AAC Asn UGC Cys AGC Ser UUA Leucine (Leu) AUA Ile UCA Ser ACA Thr UAA STOP AAA Lysine (Lys) UGA STOP AGA Arginine (Arg) UUG Leu AUG Methionine (Met) or START UCG Ser ACG Thr UAG STOP AAG Lys UGG Tryptophan (Trp) AGG Arg CUU Leucine (Leu) GUU Valine Val CCU Proline (Pro) GCU Alanine (Ala) CAU Histidine (His) GAU Aspartic acid (Asp) CGU Arginine (Arg) GGU Glycine (Gly) CUC Leu GUC (Val) CCU Pro GCC Ala CAC His GAC Asp CGC Arg GGC Gly CUA Leu GUA Val CCA Pro GCA Ala CAA Glutamine (Gln) GAA Glutamic acid (Glu) CGA Arg GGA Gly CUG Leu GUG Val CCG Pro GCG Ala CAG Gln GAG Glu CGG Arg GGG Gly [PJC]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), v. t. 1. To convert (a text or other information) into a encoded form by means of a code[5]. [PJC] 2. To write a computer program in a programming language; as, to code a sorting routine. [PJC]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Code \Code\ (k[=o]d), v. i. (Biochemistry, genetics) To serve as the nucleotide sequence directing the synthesis of a particular amino acid or sequence of amino acids in protein biosynthesis; as, this sequence of nucleotides encodes the hemoglobin alpha chain.. [PJC]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

code n 1: a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones) [syn: code, codification] 2: a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy 3: (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions [syn: code, computer code] v 1: attach a code to; "Code the pieces with numbers so that you can identify them later" 2: convert ordinary language into code; "We should encode the message for security reasons" [syn: code, encipher, cipher, cypher, encrypt, inscribe, write in code]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

158 Moby Thesaurus words for "code": Aesopian language, Babel, Code Napoleon, Greek, Napoleonic code, Procrustean law, TelAutography, Teletype, Teletype network, Teletyping, Ten Commandments, Zeitgeist, argot, axiology, babble, behavioral norm, body of law, business ethics, canon, cant, capitulary, census, cipher, closed-circuit telegraphy, code of ethics, code of laws, code of morals, coded message, codification, commandment, convention, conventions, corpus juris, criterion, cryptoanalysis, cryptoanalytics, cryptogram, cryptograph, cryptographer, cryptography, customs, cypher, decalogue, dictum, digest, digest of law, double Dutch, duplex telegraphy, electricity, encipher, encode, encrypt, equity, ethic, ethical system, ethics, ethos, facsimile telegraph, form, formality, formula, formulary, garble, general principle, gibberish, gift of tongues, glossolalia, gobbledygook, golden rule, guideline, guiding principle, imperative, index, interrupter, inventory, invisible ink, jargon, jumble, jurisprudence, key, law, law of nature, laws, legal ethics, maxim, medical ethics, mitzvah, moral, moral climate, moral code, moral principles, morals, multiplex telegraphy, new morality, news ticker, noise, norm, norma, normative system, order of nature, ordinance, organization, orthodoxy, pandect, penal code, practices, prescribed form, prescription, principium, principle, principles, professional ethics, protocol, quadruplex telegraphy, railroad telegraphy, receiver, regulation, regulations, rubric, rule, scramble, secret language, secret writing, sender, set form, settled principle, simplex telegraphy, single-current telegraphy, slang, social ethics, sounder, standard, standards, standing order, stock ticker, structure, submarine telegraphy, sympathetic ink, system, table, table of organization, telegraphics, telegraphy, teleprinter, teletypewriter, teletypewriting, telex, tenet, ticker, traditions, transmitter, typotelegraph, typotelegraphy, universal law, value system, wire service, working principle, working rule
V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (September 2014):

CODE Client/server Open Development Environment (Powersoft)
V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (September 2014):

CODE COlor Depth Enhancement (ATI)
The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003):

code 1. n. The stuff that software writers write, either in source form or after translation by a compiler or assembler. Often used in opposition to ?data?, which is the stuff that code operates on. Among hackers this is a mass noun, as in ?How much code does it take to do a bubble sort??, or ?The code is loaded at the high end of RAM.? Among scientific programmers it is sometimes a count noun equilvalent to ?program?; thus they may speak of ? codes? in the plural. Anyone referring to software as ?the software codes? is probably a newbie or a suit. 2. v. To write code. In this sense, always refers to source code rather than compiled. ?I coded an Emacs clone in two hours!? This verb is a bit of a cultural marker associated with the Unix and minicomputer traditions (and lately Linux); people within that culture prefer v. ?code? to v. ?program? whereas outside it the reverse is normally true.
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):

code 1. Instructions for a computer in some programming language, often machine language (machine code). The word "code" is often used to distinguish instructions from data (e.g. "The code is marked 'read-only'") whereas the word "software" is used in contrast with "hardware" and may consist of more than just code. (2000-04-08) 2. Some method of encryption or the resulting encrypted message. (2006-11-10)
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):

CODE, legislation. Signifies in general a collection of laws. It is a name given by way of eminence to a collection of such laws made by the legislature. Among the most noted may be mentioned the following:
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):

CODE, OF LOUISIANA. In 1822, Peter Derbigny, Edward Livingston, and Moreau Lislet, were selected by the legislature to revise and amend the civil code, and to add to it such laws still in force as were not included therein. They were authorized to add a system of commercial law, and a code of practice. The code the prepared having been adopted, was promulgated in 1824, under the title of the "Civil Code of the State of Louisiana." 2. The code is based on the Code Napoleon, with proper and judicious modifications, suitable for the state of Louisiana. It is composed of three books: 1. the first treats of persons; 2. the second of things, and of the different modifications of property; 3. and the third of the different modes of acquiring the property of things. It contains 3522 articles, numbered from the beginning, for the convenience of reference. 3. This code, it is said, contains many inaccurate definitions. The legislature modified and changed many of the provisions relating to the positive legislation, but adopted the definitions and abstract doctrines of the code without material alterations. From this circumstance, as well as from the inherent difficulty of the subject, the positive provisions of the code are often at variance with the theoretical part, which was intended to elucidate them. 13 L. R. 237. 4. This code went into operation on the 20th day of May,. 1825. 11 L. R. 60. It is in both the French and English languages; and in construing it, it is a rule that when the expressions used in the French text of the code are more comprehensive than those used in English, or vice versa, the more enlarged sense will be taken, as thus full effect will be given to both clauses. 2 N. S. 582.
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):

CODE, JUSTINIAN, civil law. A collection of the constitutions of the emperors, from Adrian to Justinian; the greater part of those from Adrian to Constantine are mere rescripts; those from Constantine to Justinian are edicts or laws, properly speaking. 2. The code is divided into twelve books, which are subdivided into titles, in which the constitutions are collected under proper heads. They are placed in chronological order, but often disjointed. At the head of each constitution is placed the name of the emperor who is the author, and that of the person to whom it is addressed. The date is at the end. Several of these constitutions, which were formerly in the code were lost, it is supposed by the neglect of "copyists. Some of them have been restored by modern authors, among whom may be mentioned Charondas, Cugas, and Contius, who translated them from Greek, versions.
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):

CODE, NAPOLEON. The Code Civil of France, enacted into law during the reign of Napoleon, bore his name until the restoration of the Bourbons when it was deprived of that name, and it is now cited Code Civil.