Search Result for "cochineal": 
Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (2)

1. a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects;

2. Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye;
[syn: cochineal insect, cochineal, Dactylopius coccus]

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2 definitions retrieved:

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Cochineal \Coch"i*neal\ (k[o^]ch"[i^]*n[=e]l; 277), [Sp. cochinilla, dim. from L. coccineus, coccinus, scarlet, fr. coccum the kermes berry, G. ko`kkos berry, especially the kermes insect, used to dye scarlet, as the cochineal was formerly supposed to be the grain or seed of a plant, and this word was formerly defined to be the grain of the Quercus coccifera; but cf. also Sp. cochinilla wood louse, dim. of cochina sow, akin to F. cochon pig.] A dyestuff consisting of the dried bodies of females of the Coccus cacti, an insect native in Mexico, Central America, etc., and found on several species of cactus, esp. Opuntia cochinellifera. [1913 Webster] Note: These insects are gathered from the plant, killed by the application of heat, and exposed to the sun to dry. When dried they resemble small, rough berries or seeds, of a brown or purple color, and form the cochineal of the shops, which is used for making carmine, and also as a red dye. [1913 Webster] Note: Cochineal contains as its essential coloring matter carminic acid, a purple red amorphous substance which yields carmine red. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

cochineal n 1: a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects 2: Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye [syn: cochineal insect, cochineal, Dactylopius coccus]