[syn: star-thistle, caltrop, Centauria calcitrapa]
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2 definitions retrieved:
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Caltrop \Cal"trop\, Caltrap \Cal"trap\, n. [OE. calketrappe,
calletrappe, caltor (in both senses), fr. AS. collr[ae]ppe,
calcetreppe, sort of thistle; cf. F. chaussetrape star
thistle, trap, It. calcatreppo, calcatreppolo, star thistle.
Perh. from L. calx heel + the same word as E. trap. See 1st
1. (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous plants (Tribulus) of the
order Zygophylle[ae], having a hard several-celled
fruit, armed with stout spines, and resembling the
military instrument of the same name. The species grow in
warm countries, and are often very annoying to cattle.
2. (Mil.) An instrument with four iron points, so disposed
that, any three of them being on the ground, the other
projects upward. They are scattered on the ground where an
enemy's cavalry are to pass, to impede their progress by
endangering the horses' feet.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: tropical annual procumbent poisonous subshrub having fruit
that splits into five spiny nutlets; serious pasture weed
[syn: caltrop, devil's weed, Tribulus terestris]
2: a plant of the genus Trapa bearing spiny four-pronged edible
nutlike fruits [syn: water chestnut, water chestnut
3: Mediterranean annual or biennial herb having pinkish to
purple flowers surrounded by spine-tipped scales; naturalized
in America [syn: star-thistle, caltrop, Centauria