1. [syn: state, nation, country, land, commonwealth, res publica, body politic]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Body \Bod"y\, n.; pl. Bodies. [OE. bodi, AS. bodig; akin to
OHG. botah. [root]257. Cf. Bodice.]
1. The material organized substance of an animal, whether
living or dead, as distinguished from the spirit, or vital
principle; the physical person.
Absent in body, but present in spirit. --1 Cor. v. 3
For of the soul the body form doth take.
For soul is form, and doth the body make. --Spenser.
2. The trunk, or main part, of a person or animal, as
distinguished from the limbs and head; the main, central,
or principal part, as of a tree, army, country, etc.
Who set the body and the limbs
Of this great sport together? --Shak.
The van of the king's army was led by the general; .
. . in the body was the king and the prince.
Rivers that run up into the body of Italy.
3. The real, as opposed to the symbolical; the substance, as
opposed to the shadow.
Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body
is of Christ. --Col. ii. 17.
4. A person; a human being; -- frequently in composition; as,
A dry, shrewd kind of a body. --W. Irving.
5. A number of individuals spoken of collectively, usually as
united by some common tie, or as organized for some
purpose; a collective whole or totality; a corporation;
as, a legislative body; a clerical body.
A numerous body led unresistingly to the slaughter.
6. A number of things or particulars embodied in a system; a
general collection; as, a great body of facts; a body of
laws or of divinity.
7. Any mass or portion of matter; any substance distinct from
others; as, a metallic body; a moving body; an a["e]riform
body. "A body of cold air." --Huxley.
By collision of two bodies, grind
The air attrite to fire. --Milton.
8. Amount; quantity; extent.
9. That part of a garment covering the body, as distinguished
from the parts covering the limbs.
10. The bed or box of a vehicle, on or in which the load is
placed; as, a wagon body; a cart body.
11. (Print.) The shank of a type, or the depth of the shank
(by which the size is indicated); as, a nonpareil face on
an agate body.
12. (Geom.) A figure that has length, breadth, and thickness;
any solid figure.
13. Consistency; thickness; substance; strength; as, this
color has body; wine of a good body.
Note: Colors bear a body when they are capable of being
ground so fine, and of being mixed so entirely with
oil, as to seem only a very thick oil of the same
14. (A["e]ronautics) The central, longitudinal framework of a
flying machine, to which are attached the planes or
a["e]rocurves, passenger accommodations, controlling and
propelling apparatus, fuel tanks, etc. Also called
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
After body (Naut.), the part of a ship abaft the dead flat.
Body cavity (Anat.), the space between the walls of the
body and the inclosed viscera; the c[ae]lum; -- in
mammals, divided by the diaphragm into thoracic and
Body of a church, the nave.
Body cloth; pl.
Body cloths, a cloth or blanket for covering horses.
Body clothes. (pl.)
1. Clothing for the body; esp. underclothing.
2. Body cloths for horses. [Obs.] --Addison.
Body coat, a gentleman's dress coat.
Body color (Paint.), a pigment that has consistency,
thickness, or body, in distinction from a tint or wash.
Body of a law (Law), the main and operative part.
Body louse (Zool.), a species of louse (Pediculus
vestimenti), which sometimes infests the human body and
clothes. See Grayback.
Body plan (Shipbuilding), an end elevation, showing the
conbour of the sides of a ship at certain points of her
Body politic, the collective body of a nation or state as
politically organized, or as exercising political
functions; also, a corporation. --Wharton.
As to the persons who compose the body politic or
associate themselves, they take collectively the
name of "people", or "nation". --Bouvier.
Body servant, a valet.
The bodies seven (Alchemy), the metals corresponding to the
Sol gold is, and Luna silver we threpe (=call), Mars
yren (=iron), Mercurie quicksilver we clepe,
Saturnus lead, and Jupiter is tin, and Venus coper.
Body snatcher, one who secretly removes without right or
authority a dead body from a grave, vault, etc.; a
Body snatching (Law), the unauthorized removal of a dead
body from the grave; usually for the purpose of
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a politically organized body of people under a single
government; "the state has elected a new president";
"African nations"; "students who had come to the nation's
capitol"; "the country's largest manufacturer"; "an
industrialized land" [syn: state, nation, country,
land, commonwealth, res publica, body politic]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
79 Moby Thesaurus words for "body politic":
Everyman, John Doe, Public, ally, archduchy, archdukedom,
buffer state, captive nation, chieftaincy, chieftainry, citizenry,
city-state, colony, common man, commonweal, commonwealth,
community, community at large, country, county, domain, dominion,
duchy, dukedom, earldom, empery, empire, estate, everybody,
everyman, everyone, everywoman, folk, folks, free city,
general public, gentry, grand duchy, kingdom, land, mandant,
mandate, mandated territory, mandatee, mandatory, men, nation,
nationality, people, people in general, persons, polis, polity,
populace, population, possession, power, principality, principate,
protectorate, province, public, puppet government, puppet regime,
realm, republic, satellite, seneschalty, settlement, society,
sovereign nation, state, sultanate, superpower, territory,
toparchia, toparchy, world, you and me
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
BODY POLITIC, government, corporations. When applied to the government this
phrase signifies the state.
2. As to the persons who compose the body politic, they take
collectively the name, of people, or nation; and individually they are
citizens, when considered in relation to their political rights, and
subjects as being submitted to the laws of the state.
3. When it refers to corporations, the term body politic means that the
members of such corporations shall be considered as an artificial person.