[syn: argumentation, logical argument, argument, line of reasoning, line]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Argument \Ar"gu*ment\, n. [F. argument, L. argumentum, fr.
arguere to argue.]
1. Proof; evidence. [Obs.]
There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument
of the existence of a Deity. --Ray.
Why, then, is it made a badge of wit and an argument
of parts for a man to commence atheist, and to cast
off all belief of providence, all awe and reverence
for religion? --South.
2. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or
convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an
argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition,
for or in favor of it, or against it.
3. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of
rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.
The argument is about things, but names. --Locke.
4. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic
representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or
summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
You and love are still my argument. --Shak.
The abstract or argument of the piece. --Jeffrey.
[Shields] with boastful argument portrayed.
5. Matter for question; business in hand. [Obs.]
Sheathed their swords for lack of argument. --Shak.
6. (Astron.) The quantity on which another quantity in a
table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the
7. (Math.) The independent variable upon whose value that of
a function depends. --Brande & C.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Argument \Ar"gu*ment\ ([a^]r"g[-u]*ment), v. i. [L.
To make an argument; to argue. [Obs.] --Gower.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is
true; "it was a strong argument that his hypothesis was
true" [syn: argument, statement]
2: a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong
disagreement; "they were involved in a violent argument"
[syn: controversy, contention, contestation,
disputation, disceptation, tilt, argument, arguing]
3: a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against
some proposition or proposal; "the argument over foreign aid
goes on and on" [syn: argument, argumentation, debate]
4: a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play
or movie; "the editor added the argument to the poem" [syn:
argument, literary argument]
5: (computer science) a reference or value that is passed to a
function, procedure, subroutine, command, or program [syn:
6: a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose
value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the
7: a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or
falsehood; the methodical process of logical reasoning; "I
can't follow your line of reasoning" [syn: argumentation,
logical argument, argument, line of reasoning, line]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
243 Moby Thesaurus words for "argument":
Kilkenny cats, action, addend, affray, altercation, anagnorisis,
angle, answer, antilogarithm, apologetics, apologia, apology,
architectonics, architecture, argumentation, argumentum, assertion,
atmosphere, background, barney, base, basis, bicker, bickering,
binomial, blood feud, brawl, broil, case, casuistry,
cat-and-dog life, catastrophe, characteristic, characterization,
claim, coefficient, color, combat, combination, complement,
complication, conflict, congruence, cons, consideration, constant,
contention, contentiousness, contest, contestation, continuity,
contrivance, controversy, cosine, cotangent, counterstatement,
cube, cut and thrust, debate, decimal, defence, defense, demurrer,
denial, denominator, denouement, derivative, design, determinant,
development, device, difference, differential, disagreement,
discriminate, disputation, dispute, dissension, dividend, divisor,
donnybrook, donnybrook fair, e, elenchus, embroilment, enmity,
episode, equation, evidence, exception, exponent, exponential,
fable, factor, falling action, falling-out, feud, fight, fighting,
fliting, flyting, formula, foundation, fracas, fray, function,
fuss, gimmick, ground, hassle, head, hostility, hubbub, hurrah, i,
ignoratio elenchi, imbroglio, incident, increment, index, integral,
line, litigation, local color, logic, logomachy, matrix, matter,
minuend, mood, motif, motive, movement, multiple, multiplier,
mythos, norm, numerator, objection, open quarrel, paper war,
parameter, passage of arms, peripeteia, permutation, pi, plaidoyer,
plan, plea, pleading, pleadings, plot, point, polemic, polemics,
polynomial, position, posture, power, proof, proposition, pros,
pros and cons, quarrel, quarreling, quarrelsomeness, quaternion,
quotient, radical, radix, reason, rebuttal, reciprocal,
recognition, refutation, remainder, reply, response, rhubarb,
riposte, rising action, root, row, rumpus, scheme, scrap,
scrapping, secant, secondary plot, set-to, sharp words, sine,
slanging match, slant, snarl, spat, special demurrer,
special pleading, squabble, squabbling, stance, standpoint,
statement, statement of defense, story, strife, structure,
struggle, subject, subject matter, submultiple, subplot,
subtrahend, summation, summing up, switch, talking point, tangent,
tensor, testimony, text, thematic development, theme, thesis, tiff,
tone, topic, tussle, twist, variable, vector, vendetta,
verbal engagement, versine, war, war of words, warfare, wherefore,
why, whyfor, words, wrangle, wrangling
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (30 December 2018):
(Or "arg") A value or reference passed to a
function, procedure, subroutine, command or program, by
the caller. For example, in the function definition
square(x) = x * x
x is the formal argument or "parameter", and in the call
y = square(3+4)
3+4 is the actual argument. This will execute the function
square with x having the value 7 and return the result 49.
There are many different conventions for passing arguments to
functions and procedures including call-by-value,
call-by-name, call-by-reference, call-by-need. These
affect whether the value of the argument is computed by the
caller or the callee (the function) and whether the callee can
modify the value of the argument as seen by the caller (if it
is a variable).
Arguments to functions are usually, following mathematical
notation, written in parentheses after the function name,
separated by commas (but see curried function). Arguments
to a program are usually given after the command name,
separated by spaces, e.g.:
cat myfile yourfile hisfile
Here "cat" is the command and "myfile", "yourfile", and
"hisfile" are the arguments.
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
ARGUMENT, practice. Cicero defines it ii probable reason proposed in order
to induce belief. Ratio probabilis et idonea ad faciendam fidem. The
logicians define it more scientifically to be a means, which by its
connexion between two extremes) establishes a relation between them. This
subject belongs rather to rhetoric and logic than to law.