Free Dictionary

Free Dictionary

Home ×
Link Link Link Link

Search Result for "vitriol": 
Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (2)

1. (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide; widely used in the chemical industry;
[syn: vitriol, oil of vitriol, sulfuric acid, sulphuric acid]

2. abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will;
[syn: vituperation, invective, vitriol]


VERB (2)

1. expose to the effects of vitriol or injure with vitriol;

2. subject to bitter verbal abuse;


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sulphuric \Sul*phu"ric\, a. [Cf. F. sulfurique.] 1. Of or pertaining to sulphur; as, a sulphuric smell. [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) Derived from, or containing, sulphur; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with the sulphurous compounds; as, sulphuric acid. [1913 Webster] Sulphuric acid. (a) Sulphur trioxide (see under Sulphur); -- formerly so called on the dualistic theory of salts. [Obs.] (b) A heavy, corrosive, oily liquid, H2SO4, colorless when pure, but usually yellowish or brownish, produced by the combined action of sulphur dioxide, oxygen (from the air), steam, and nitric fumes. It attacks and dissolves many metals and other intractable substances, sets free most acids from their salts, and is used in the manufacture of hydrochloric and nitric acids, of soda, of bleaching powders, etc. It is also powerful dehydrating agent, having a strong affinity for water, and eating and corroding paper, wood, clothing, etc. It is thus used in the manufacture of ether, of imitation parchment, and of nitroglycerin. It is also used in etching iron, in removing iron scale from forgings, in petroleum refining, etc., and in general its manufacture is the most important and fundamental of all the chemical industries. Formerly called vitriolic acid, and now popularly vitriol, and oil of vitriol. Fuming sulphuric acid, or Nordhausen sulphuric acid. See Disulphuric acid, under Disulphuric. Sulphuric anhydride, sulphur trioxide. See under Sulphur. Sulphuric ether, common anaesthetic ether; -- so called because made by the catalytic action of sulphuric acid on alcohol. See Ether, 3 (a) . [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Vitriol \Vit"ri*ol\, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol, Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass, vitreus vitreous. See Vitreous.] (Chem.) (a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on account of the glassy appearance or luster. (b) Sulphuric acid; -- called also oil of vitriol. So called because first made by the distillation of green vitriol. See Sulphuric acid, under Sulphuric. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] Blue vitriol. See under Blue. Green vitriol, ferrous sulphate; copperas. See under Green. Oil of vitriol, sulphuric or vitriolic acid; -- popularly so called because it has the consistency of oil. Red vitriol, a native sulphate of cobalt. Vitriol of Mars, ferric sulphate, a white crystalline substance which dissolves in water, forming a red solution. White vitriol, zinc sulphate, a white crystalline substance used in medicine and in dyeing. It is usually obtained by dissolving zinc in sulphuric acid, or by roasting and oxidizing certain zinc ores. Formerly called also vitriol of zinc. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Vitriol \Vit"ri*ol\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. -oledor -olled; p. pr. & vb. n. -oling or -olling.] [From Vitriol, n.] 1. (Metal.) To dip in dilute sulphuric acid; to pickle. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. To vitriolize. [Colloq.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

vitriol n 1: (H2SO4) a highly corrosive acid made from sulfur dioxide; widely used in the chemical industry [syn: vitriol, oil of vitriol, sulfuric acid, sulphuric acid] 2: abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will [syn: vituperation, invective, vitriol] v 1: expose to the effects of vitriol or injure with vitriol 2: subject to bitter verbal abuse
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:

19 Moby Thesaurus words for "vitriol": acrimony, animosity, animus, bad blood, bitter feeling, bitterness, feud, gall, hard feelings, ill blood, ill feeling, ill will, rancor, soreness, sourness, vendetta, venom, venomousness, virulence