1. an example regarded as typical of its class
2. a bit of tissue or blood or urine that is taken for diagnostic purposes
; - Example: "they collected a urine specimen for urinalysis"
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Specimen \Spec"i*men\, n. [L., fr. specere to look, to behold.
A part, or small portion, of anything, or one of a number of
things, intended to exhibit the kind and quality of the
whole, or of what is not exhibited; a sample; as, a specimen
of a man's handwriting; a specimen of a person's blood; a
specimen of painting; aspecimen of one's art.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
Syn: Sample; model; pattern.
Usage: Specimen, Sample. A specimen is a representative
of the class of things to which it belongs; as, a
specimen of photography. A sample is a part of the
thing itself, designed to show the quality of the
whole; as, a sample of sugar or of broadcloth. A
cabinet of minerals consists of specimens; if a part
be broken off from any one of these, it is a sample of
the mineral to which it belongs. "Several persons have
exhibited specimens of this art before multitudes of
beholders." --Addison. "I design this but for a sample
of what I hope more fully to discuss." --Woodward.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: an example regarded as typical of its class
2: a bit of tissue or blood or urine that is taken for
diagnostic purposes; "they collected a urine specimen for
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
27 Moby Thesaurus words for "specimen":
case, case history, case in point, cross section, embodiment,
example, exemplar, exponent, illustration, instance, little bite,
little smack, model, pattern, piece, representation,
representative, sample, sampling, sort, species, swatch, taste,
taster, type, typification, variety
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
SPECIMEN. A sample; a part of something by which the other may be known.
2. The act of congress of July 4, 1836, section 6, requires the
inventor or discoverer of an invention or discovery to accompany his
petition and specification for a patent with specimens of ingredients, an of
the composition of matter, sufficient in quantity for the purpose of
experiment, where the invention or discovery is of the composition of