The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Scourge \Scourge\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Scourged; p. pr. & vb.
n. Scourging.] [From Scourge, n.: cf. OF. escorgier.]
1. To whip severely; to lash.
Is it lawful for you to scourge a . . . Roman?
2. To punish with severity; to chastise; to afflict, as for
sins or faults, and with the purpose of correction.
Whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth
every son whom he receiveth. --Heb. xii. 6.
3. To harass or afflict severely.
To scourge and impoverish the people. --Brougham.
Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:
(1 Kings 12:11). Variously administered. In no case were the
stripes to exceed forty (Deut. 25:3; comp. 2 Cor. 11:24). In the
time of the apostles, in consequence of the passing of what was
called the Porcian law, no Roman citizen could be scourged in
any case (Acts 16:22-37). (See BASTINADO.) In the
scourging of our Lord (Matt. 27:26; Mark 15:15) the words of
prophecy (Isa. 53:5) were fulfilled.