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Wordnet 3.0

NOUN (1)

1. a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe on the western side of the Scandinavian Peninsula; achieved independence from Sweden in 1905;
[syn: Norway, Kingdom of Norway, Norge, Noreg]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Pine \Pine\, n. [AS. p[imac]n, L. pinus.] 1. (Bot.) Any tree of the coniferous genus Pinus. See Pinus. [1913 Webster] Note: There are about twenty-eight species in the United States, of which the white pine (Pinus Strobus), the Georgia pine (Pinus australis), the red pine (Pinus resinosa), and the great West Coast sugar pine (Pinus Lambertiana) are among the most valuable. The Scotch pine or fir, also called Norway or Riga pine (Pinus sylvestris), is the only British species. The nut pine is any pine tree, or species of pine, which bears large edible seeds. See Pinon. [1913 Webster] The spruces, firs, larches, and true cedars, though formerly considered pines, are now commonly assigned to other genera. [1913 Webster] 2. The wood of the pine tree. [1913 Webster] 3. A pineapple. [1913 Webster] Ground pine. (Bot.) See under Ground. Norfolk Island pine (Bot.), a beautiful coniferous tree, the Araucaria excelsa. Pine barren, a tract of infertile land which is covered with pines. [Southern U.S.] Pine borer (Zool.), any beetle whose larv[ae] bore into pine trees. Pine finch. (Zool.) See Pinefinch, in the Vocabulary. Pine grosbeak (Zool.), a large grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator), which inhabits the northern parts of both hemispheres. The adult male is more or less tinged with red. Pine lizard (Zool.), a small, very active, mottled gray lizard (Sceloporus undulatus), native of the Middle States; -- called also swift, brown scorpion, and alligator. Pine marten. (Zool.) (a) A European weasel (Mustela martes), called also sweet marten, and yellow-breasted marten. (b) The American sable. See Sable. Pine moth (Zool.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths of the genus Retinia, whose larv[ae] burrow in the ends of the branchlets of pine trees, often doing great damage. Pine mouse (Zool.), an American wild mouse (Arvicola pinetorum), native of the Middle States. It lives in pine forests. Pine needle (Bot.), one of the slender needle-shaped leaves of a pine tree. See Pinus. Pine-needle wool. See Pine wool (below). Pine oil, an oil resembling turpentine, obtained from fir and pine trees, and used in making varnishes and colors. Pine snake (Zool.), a large harmless North American snake (Pituophis melanoleucus). It is whitish, covered with brown blotches having black margins. Called also bull snake. The Western pine snake (Pituophis Sayi) is chestnut-brown, mottled with black and orange. Pine tree (Bot.), a tree of the genus Pinus; pine. Pine-tree money, money coined in Massachusetts in the seventeenth century, and so called from its bearing a figure of a pine tree. The most noted variety is the pine tree shilling. Pine weevil (Zool.), any one of numerous species of weevils whose larv[ae] bore in the wood of pine trees. Several species are known in both Europe and America, belonging to the genera Pissodes, Hylobius, etc. Pine wool, a fiber obtained from pine needles by steaming them. It is prepared on a large scale in some of the Southern United States, and has many uses in the economic arts; -- called also pine-needle wool, and pine-wood wool. [1913 Webster]
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):

Norway n 1: a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe on the western side of the Scandinavian Peninsula; achieved independence from Sweden in 1905 [syn: Norway, Kingdom of Norway, Norge, Noreg]
CIA World Factbook 2002:

Norway Introduction Norway ------------------- Background: Despite its neutrality, Norway was not able to avoid occupation by Germany in World War II. In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. The current focus is on containing spending on the extensive welfare system and planning for the time when petroleum reserves are depleted. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Geography Norway ---------------- Location: Northern Europe, bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Sweden Geographic coordinates: 62 00 N, 10 00 E Map references: Europe Area: total: 324,220 sq km land: 307,860 sq km water: 16,360 sq km Area - comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico Land boundaries: total: 2,544 km border countries: Finland 729 km, Sweden 1,619 km, Russia 196 km Coastline: 21,925 km (includes mainland 3,419 km, large islands 2,413 km, long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 16,093 km) Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 10 NM territorial sea: 4 NM continental shelf: 200 NM exclusive economic zone: 200 NM Climate: temperate along coast, modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior with increased precipitation and colder summers; rainy year-round on west coast Terrain: glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small, scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north Elevation extremes: lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m highest point: Galdhopiggen 2,469 m Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower Land use: arable land: 2.94% permanent crops: 0% other: 97.06% (1998 est.) Irrigated land: 1,270 sq km (1998 est.) Natural hazards: rockslides, avalanches Environment - current issues: water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes, threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Geography - note: about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world People Norway ------------- Population: 4,525,116 (July 2002 est.) Age structure: 0-14 years: 20% (male 464,789; female 439,117) 15-64 years: 65% (male 1,491,720; female 1,451,450) 65 years and over: 15% (male 281,551; female 396,489) (2002 est.) Population growth rate: 0.47% (2002 est.) Birth rate: 12.39 births/1,000 population (2002 est.) Death rate: 9.78 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.) Net migration rate: 2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.) Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/ female total population: 0.98 male(s)/ female (2002 est.) Infant mortality rate: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.) Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.94 years female: 82.07 years (2002 est.) male: 76.01 years Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (2002 est.) HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA% (1999 est.) HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 1,600 (1999 est.) AIDS: HIV/AIDS - deaths: 8 (1999) Nationality: noun: Norwegian(s) adjective: Norwegian Ethnic groups: Norwegian, Sami 20,000 Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 86% (state church), other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3%, other 1%, none and unknown 10% (1997) Languages: Norwegian (official) note: small Sami- and Finnish- speaking minorities Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 100% male: NA% female: NA% Government Norway ----------------- Country name: conventional long form: Kingdom of Norway conventional short form: Norway local short form: Norge local long form: Kongeriket Norge Government type: constitutional monarchy Capital: Oslo Administrative divisions: 19 provinces (fylker, singular - fylke); Akershus, Aust-Agder, Buskerud, Finnmark, Hedmark, Hordaland, More og Romsdal, Nordland, Nord-Trondelag, Oppland, Oslo, Ostfold, Rogaland, Sogn og Fjordane, Sor-Trondelag, Telemark, Troms, Vest-Agder, Vestfold Dependent areas: Bouvet Island, Jan Mayen, Svalbard Independence: 7 June 1905 Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved; 26 October 1905 Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union National holiday: Constitution Day, 17 May (1814); note - on 14 January 1814 Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden; resisting Swedish domination, Norwegians adopted a new constitution four months later; on 14 August 1814 Norway was proclaimed independent but in union with Sweden; on 7 June 1905 Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved Constitution: 17 May 1814, modified in 1884 Legal system: mixture of customary law, civil law system, and common law traditions; Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal Executive branch: chief of state: King HARALD V (since 17 January 1991); Heir Apparent Crown Prince HAAKON MAGNUS, son of the monarch (born 20 July 1973) head of government: Prime Minister Kjell Magne BONDEVIK (since 19 October 2001) cabinet: State Council appointed by the monarch with the approval of Parliament elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; following parliamentary elections, the leader of the largest party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the monarch with the approval of the Parliament Legislative branch: modified unicameral Parliament or Storting (165 seats; members are elected by popular vote by proportional representation to serve four-year terms) elections: last held 10 September 2001 (next to be held NA September 2005) note: for certain purposes, the Parliament divides itself into two chambers and elects one-fourth of its membership to an upper house or Lagting election results: percent of vote by party - Labor Party 24.3%, Conservative Party 21.2%, Progress Party 14.6%, Socialist Left Party 12.5%, Christian People's Party 12.4%, Center Party 5.6%, Liberal Party 3.9%, Coastal Party 1.7%, other 3.8%; seats by party - Labor Party 43, Conservative Party 38, Progress Party 26, Socialist Left Party 23, Christian People's Party 22, Center Party 10, Liberal Party 2, Coastal Party 1 Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Hoyesterett (justices appointed by the monarch) Political parties and leaders: Center Party [Odd Roger ENOKSEN]; Christian People's Party [Valgerd Svarstad HAUGLAND]; Coastal Party [Steinar BASTESEN]; Conservative Party [Jan PETERSEN]; Labor Party [Thorbjorn JAGLAND]; Liberal Party [Lars SPONHEIM]; Progress Party [Carl I. HAGEN]; Socialist Left Party [Kristin HALVORSEN] Political pressure groups and NA leaders: International organization AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, participation: CBSS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, ESA, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM (guest), NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNTAET, UNTSO, UPU, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Knut VOLLEBAEK chancery: 2720 34th Street NW, Washington, DC 20008 consulate(s) general: Houston, Miami, Minneapolis, New York, and San Francisco FAX: [1] (202) 337-0870 telephone: [1] (202) 333-6000 Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador John D. US: ONG embassy: Drammensveien 18, 0244 Oslo mailing address: PSC 69, Box 1000, APO AE 09707 telephone: [47] (22) 44 85 50 FAX: [47] (22) 43 07 77 Flag description: red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag) Economy Norway -------------- Economy - overview: The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism, featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas, such as the vital petroleum sector (through large-scale state enterprises). The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum, hydropower, fish, forests, and minerals - and is highly dependent on its oil production and international oil prices; in 1999, oil and gas accounted for 35% of exports. Only Saudi Arabia and Russia export more oil than Norway. Oslo opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994. Growth picked up in 2000 to 2.7%, compared with the meager 0.8% of 1999, but fell back to 1.3% in 2001. The government moved ahead with privatization in 2000, even proposing the sale of up to one-third of the 100% state-owned oil company Statoil. With arguably the highest quality of life worldwide, Norwegians still worry about that time in the next two decades when the oil and gas begin to run out. Accordingly, Norway has been saving its oil-boosted budget surpluses in a Government Petroleum Fund, which is invested abroad and now is valued at more than $43 billion. GDP: purchasing power parity - $138.7 billion (2001 est.) GDP - real growth rate: 1.3% (2001 est.) GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $30,800 (2001 est.) GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2% industry: 31% services: 67% (2000) Population below poverty line: NA% Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 4.1% percentage share: highest 10%: 21.8% (1995) Distribution of family income - Gini 25.8 (1995) index: Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.1% (2001 est.) Labor force: 2.4 million (2000 est.) Labor force - by occupation: services 74%, industry 22%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4% (1995) Unemployment rate: 3.6% (2001 est.) Budget: revenues: $71.7 billion expenditures: $57.6 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.) Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing Industrial production growth rate: -1% (2001 est.) Electricity - production: 141.162 billion kWh (2000) Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 0.49% hydro: 99.31% other: 0.2% (2000) nuclear: 0% Electricity - consumption: 112.495 billion kWh (2000) Electricity - exports: 20.259 billion kWh (2000) Electricity - imports: 1.474 billion kWh (2000) Agriculture - products: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish Exports: $58 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.) Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish Exports - partners: EU 76.8% (Netherlands 11.4%, Germany 10.3%, France 10.0%, Sweden 8.4%), US 7.6% (2000) Imports: $33.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.) Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs Imports - partners: EU 62.5% (Sweden 14.7%, Germany 11.9%, UK 8.1%, Denmark 6.4%), US 8.2%, Japan 5.2% (2000) Debt - external: $0 (Norway is a net external creditor) Economic aid - donor: ODA, $1.4 billion (1998) Currency: Norwegian krone (NOK) Currency code: NOK Exchange rates: Norwegian kroner per US dollar - 8.9684 (January 2002), 8.9917 (2001), 8.8018 (2000), 7.7992 (1999), 7.5451 (1998), 7.0734 (1997) Fiscal year: calendar year Communications Norway --------------------- Telephones - main lines in use: 2.735 million (1998) Telephones - mobile cellular: 2,080,408 (1998) Telephone system: general assessment: modern in all respects; one of the most advanced telecommunications networks in Europe domestic: Norway has a domestic satellite system; moreover, the prevalence of rural areas encourages the wide use of cellular mobile systems instead of fixed wire systems international: 2 buried coaxial cable systems; 4 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations - NA Eutelsat, NA Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic and Indian Ocean regions); note - Norway shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden) (1999) Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM at least 650, shortwave 1 (1998) Radios: 4.03 million (1997) Television broadcast stations: 360 (plus 2,729 repeaters) (1995) Televisions: 2.03 million (1997) Internet country code: .no Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 13 (2000) Internet users: 2.45 million (2001) Transportation Norway --------------------- Railways: total: 4,006 km standard gauge: 4,006 km 1.435- m gauge (2,471 km electrified) (2001) Highways: total: 91,180 km paved: 67,838 km (including 109 km of expressways) unpaved: 23,342 km (1999) Waterways: 1,577 km (along west coast) note: navigable by 2.4 m maximum draft vessels Pipelines: refined petroleum products 53 km Ports and harbors: Bergen, Drammen, Floro, Hammerfest, Harstad, Haugesund, Kristiansand, Larvik, Narvik, Oslo, Porsgrunn, Stavanger, Tromso, Trondheim Merchant marine: total: 746 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 20,691,266 GRT/32,126,513 DWT ships by type: bulk 84, cargo 130, chemical tanker 119, combination bulk 9, combination ore/oil 38, container 18, liquefied gas 91, passenger 6, petroleum tanker 143, refrigerated cargo 9, roll on/roll off 41, short-sea passenger 21, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 35 note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Australia 1, Denmark 14, Germany 11, Greece 10, Hong Kong 7, Iceland 2, Japan 11, Lithuania 1, Monaco 42, Poland 1, Saudi Arabia 3, Singapore 10, Sweden 42, Switzerland 2, United Kingdom 4, United States 5 (2002 est.) Airports: 102 (2001) Airports - with paved runways: total: 67 over 3,047 m: 1 2,438 to 3,047 m: 13 1,524 to 2,437 m: 13 914 to 1,523 m: 15 under 914 m: 26 (2001) Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 35 914 to 1,523 m: 6 under 914 m: 29 (2001) Military Norway --------------- Military branches: Norwegian Army, Royal Norwegian Navy (including Coast Artillery and Coast Guard), Royal Norwegian Air Force, Home Guard Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.) Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,099,966 (2002 est.) Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 911,632 (2002 est.) service: Military manpower - reaching males: 27,341 (2002 est.) military age annually: Military expenditures - dollar $3.113 billion (FY98/99) figure: Military expenditures - percent of 2.13% (2002) GDP: Transnational Issues Norway --------------------------- Disputes - international: Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); despite recent discussions, Russia and Norway continue to dispute their maritime limits in the Barents Sea and Russia's fishing rights beyond Svalbard's territorial limits within the Svalbard Treaty zone
U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000):

Norway, IN -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Indiana Population (2000): 437 Housing Units (2000): 208 Land area (2000): 0.889267 sq. miles (2.303191 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.063983 sq. miles (0.165715 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.953250 sq. miles (2.468906 sq. km) FIPS code: 55350 Located within: Indiana (IN), FIPS 18 Location: 40.781877 N, 86.767850 W ZIP Codes (1990): Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs. Headwords: Norway, IN Norway
U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000):

Norway, IA -- U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 601 Housing Units (2000): 247 Land area (2000): 0.454994 sq. miles (1.178429 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.454994 sq. miles (1.178429 sq. km) FIPS code: 57720 Located within: Iowa (IA), FIPS 19 Location: 41.903299 N, 91.923375 W ZIP Codes (1990): 52318 Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs. Headwords: Norway, IA Norway
U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000):

Norway, SC -- U.S. town in South Carolina Population (2000): 389 Housing Units (2000): 164 Land area (2000): 0.835583 sq. miles (2.164150 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.005041 sq. miles (0.013056 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.840624 sq. miles (2.177206 sq. km) FIPS code: 51550 Located within: South Carolina (SC), FIPS 45 Location: 33.449692 N, 81.126029 W ZIP Codes (1990): 29113 Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs. Headwords: Norway, SC Norway
U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000):

Norway, ME -- U.S. Census Designated Place in Maine Population (2000): 2623 Housing Units (2000): 1347 Land area (2000): 5.065976 sq. miles (13.120817 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.178846 sq. miles (0.463208 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.244822 sq. miles (13.584025 sq. km) FIPS code: 53965 Located within: Maine (ME), FIPS 23 Location: 44.211544 N, 70.538375 W ZIP Codes (1990): 04268 Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs. Headwords: Norway, ME Norway
U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000):

Norway, MI -- U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 2959 Housing Units (2000): 1392 Land area (2000): 8.816948 sq. miles (22.835789 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.053157 sq. miles (0.137677 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.870105 sq. miles (22.973466 sq. km) FIPS code: 59220 Located within: Michigan (MI), FIPS 26 Location: 45.789198 N, 87.904348 W ZIP Codes (1990): 49870 Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs. Headwords: Norway, MI Norway