[syn: diagnose, name]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Name \Name\ (n[=a]m), n. [AS. nama; akin to D. naam, OS. & OHG.
namo, G. name, Icel. nafn, for namn, Dan. navn, Sw. namn,
Goth. nam[=o], L. nomen (perh. influenced by noscere,
gnoscere, to learn to know), Gr. 'o`mona, Scr. n[=a]man.
[root]267. Cf. Anonymous, Ignominy, Misnomer,
1. The title by which any person or thing is known or
designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of
an individual or a class.
Whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that
was the name thereof. --Gen. ii. 19.
What's in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet. --Shak.
2. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person
or thing, on account of a character or acts.
His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The
mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of
Peace. --Is. ix. 6.
3. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation;
fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable
What men of name resort to him? --Shak.
Far above . . . every name that is named, not only
in this world, but also in that which is to come.
--Eph. i. 21.
I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom. --1
Macc. iii. 14.
He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin.
The king's army . . . had left no good name behind.
4. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.
The ministers of the republic, mortal enemies of his
name, came every day to pay their feigned
5. A person, an individual. [Poetic]
They list with women each degenerate name. --Dryden.
(a) The name a person receives at baptism, as
distinguished from surname; baptismal name; in
western countries, it is also called a first name.
(b) A given name, whether received at baptism or not.
Given name. See under Given.
In name, in profession, or by title only; not in reality;
as, a friend in name.
In the name of.
(a) In behalf of; by the authority of. " I charge you in
the duke's name to obey me." --Shak.
(b) In the represented or assumed character of. "I'll to
him again in name of Brook." --Shak.
Name plate, a plate as of metal, glass, etc., having a name
upon it, as a sign; a doorplate.
Pen name, a name assumed by an author; a pseudonym or nom
de plume. --Bayard Taylor.
Proper name (Gram.), a name applied to a particular person,
place, or thing.
To call names, to apply opprobrious epithets to; to call by
To take a name in vain, to use a name lightly or profanely;
to use a name in making flippant or dishonest oaths. --Ex.
Syn: Appellation; title; designation; cognomen; denomination;
Usage: Name, Appellation, Title, Denomination. Name
is generic, denoting that combination of sounds or
letters by which a person or thing is known and
distinguished. Appellation, although sometimes put for
name simply, denotes, more properly, a descriptive
term (called also agnomen or cognomen), used by
way of marking some individual peculiarity or
characteristic; as, Charles the Bold, Philip the
Stammerer. A title is a term employed to point out
one's rank, office, etc.; as, the Duke of Bedford,
Paul the Apostle, etc. Denomination is to particular
bodies what appellation is to individuals; thus, the
church of Christ is divided into different
denominations, as Congregationalists, Episcopalians,
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Name \Name\ (n[=a]m), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Named (n[=a]md); p.
pr. & vb. n. Naming.] [AS. namian. See Name, n.]
1. To give a distinctive name or appellation to; to entitle;
to denominate; to style; to call.
She named the child Ichabod. --1 Sam. iv.
Thus was the building left
Ridiculous, and the work Confusion named. --Milton.
2. To mention by name; to utter or publish the name of; to
refer to by distinctive title; to mention.
None named thee but to praise. --Halleck.
Old Yew, which graspest at the stones
That name the underlying dead. --Tennyson.
3. To designate by name or specifically for any purpose; to
nominate; to specify; to appoint; as, to name a day for
the wedding; to name someone as ambassador.
Whom late you have named for consul. --Shak.
4. (House of Commons) To designate (a member) by name, as the
Speaker does by way of reprimand.
Syn: To denominate; style; term; call; mention; specify;
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his
name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for
the same thing"
2: a person's reputation; "he wanted to protect his good name"
3: family based on male descent; "he had no sons and there was
no one to carry on his name" [syn: name, gens]
4: a well-known or notable person; "they studied all the great
names in the history of France"; "she is an important figure
in modern music" [syn: name, figure, public figure]
5: by the sanction or authority of; "halt in the name of the
6: a defamatory or abusive word or phrase [syn: name,
v 1: assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to; "They
named their son David"; "The new school was named after the
famous Civil Rights leader" [syn: name, call]
2: give the name or identifying characteristics of; refer to by
name or some other identifying characteristic property; "Many
senators were named in connection with the scandal"; "The
almanac identifies the auspicious months" [syn: name,
3: charge with a function; charge to be; "She was named Head of
the Committee"; "She was made president of the club" [syn:
name, nominate, make]
4: create and charge with a task or function; "nominate a
committee" [syn: appoint, name, nominate, constitute]
5: mention and identify by name; "name your accomplices!"
6: make reference to; "His name was mentioned in connection with
the invention" [syn: mention, advert, bring up, cite,
7: identify as in botany or biology, for example [syn:
identify, discover, key, key out, distinguish,
8: give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of;
"List the states west of the Mississippi" [syn: list,
9: determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an
illness through a diagnostic analysis [syn: diagnose,
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
238 Moby Thesaurus words for "name":
Christian name, Establishment, VIP, acclaim, advert to, advertise,
alias, allude to, announce, appellation, appellative, appoint,
assign, baptismal name, baptize, baron, be taken as, big,
big cheese, big gun, big man, big name, big shot, big-league,
big-name, big-time, bigwig, bigwigged, binomen, binomial name,
brass, brass hat, byname, byword, call, call to mind, celebrity,
character, choose, christen, cite, cite a particular, cognomen,
consequential, considerable, constellation, cryptonym, cynosure,
declare, define, delegate, demonstrate, denominate, denomination,
denote, designate, designation, determine, dignitary, dignity,
distinction, document, double-barreled, dub, earthshaking, eclat,
elder, elect, emblematize, eminence, empty title, entitle, epithet,
eponym, esteem, euonym, example, exemplify, fame, famousness,
father, favor, figure, finger, fix, folk hero, forename, galaxy,
give a for-instance, glory, grand, great, great man, handle,
heavyweight, hero, heroine, high regard, high-powered, honor,
honorific, hyponym, identify, idol, illustrate, immortal,
important, important person, incognito, indicate, instance,
interests, itemize, kudos, label, lion, lords of creation,
luminaries, luminary, magnate, major, make, man of mark, mark,
master spirit, material, mention, mogul, momentous, moniker, nabob,
name for office, namesake, nickname, nom de guerre, nomen,
nomen nudum, nominate, notability, notable, notoriety,
notoriousness, ordain, ordinate, panjandrum, particularize,
person of note, person of renown, personage, personality, pet name,
pick out, pillar of society, pin down, pinpoint, pleiad, point at,
point out, point to, pop hero, popular hero, popular idol,
popularity, power, power elite, prestige, prominence, proper name,
proper noun, propose, public figure, publicity, publish, put up,
quote, rank, rating, reclame, recognition, recognize, refer to,
renown, report, reputation, repute, respect, rubric, ruling circle,
run, run for office, sachem, scientific name, secret name, select,
self-important, set, significant, signify, sobriquet, social lion,
somebody, something, specialize, specify, stand for, standing,
star, state, stigmatize, stipulate, style, submit, substantial,
superior, superiority, superstar, symbol, symbolize, tab, tag, tap,
tautonym, term, the bubble reputation, the great, the top, ticket,
title, top brass, top people, trinomen, trinomial name, tycoon,
typify, very important person, vogue, world-shaking, worthy
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
NAME. One or more words used to distinguish a particular individual, as
Socrates, Benjamin Franklin.
2. The Greeks, as is well known, bore only one name, and it was one of
the especial rights of a father to choose the names for hi's children and to
alter them if he pleased. It was customary to give to the eldest son the
name of the grandfather on his father's side. The day on which children
received their names was the tenth after their birth. The tenth day, called
'denate,' was a festive day, and friends and relatives were invited to take
part in a sacrifice and a repast. If in a court of justice proofs could be
adduced that a father had held the denate, it was sufficient evidence that
be had recognized the child as his own. Smith's Diet. of Greek and Rom.
3. Among the Romans, the division into races, and the subdivision of
races into families, caused a great multiplicity of names. They had first
the pronomen, which was proper to the person; then the nomen, belonging to
his race; a surname or cognomen, designating the family; and sometimes an
agnomen, which indicated the branch of that family in which the author has
become distinguished. Thus, for example, Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus;
Publius is the pronomen; Cornelius, the nomen, designating the name of the
race Cornelia; Scipio, the cognomen, or surname of the family; and
Africanus, the agnomen, which indicated his exploits.
4. Names are divided into Christian names, as, Benjamin, and surnames,
5. No man can have more than one Christian name; 1 Ld. Raym. 562; Bac.
Ab. Misnomer, A; though two or more names usually kept separate, as John and
Peter, may undoubtedly be compounded, so as to form, in contemplation of
law, but one. 5 T. R. 195. A letter put between the Christian and surname,
as an abbreviation of a part of the Christian name, as, John B. Peterson, is
no part of either. 4 Watts' R. 329; 5 John. R. 84; 14 Pet. R. 322; 3 Pet. R.
7; 2 Cowen. 463; Co. Litt. 3 a; 1 Ld. Raym. 562;, Vin. Ab. Misnomer, C 6,
pl. 5 and 6: Com. Dig. Indictment, G 1, note u; Willes, R. 654; Bac. Abr.
Misnomer and Addition; 3 Chit. Pr. 164 to 173; 1 Young, R. 602. But see 7
Watts & Serg. 406.
5. In general a corporation must contract and sue and be sued by its
corporate name; 8 John. R. 295; 14 John. R. 238; 19 John. R. 300; 4 Rand. R.
359; yet a slight alteration in stating the name is unimportant, if there be
no possibility of mistaking the identity of the corporation suing. 12 L. R.
6. It sometimes happens that two different sets of partners carry on
business in the same social name, and that one of the partners is a member
of both firms. When there is a confusion in this respect, the partners of
one firm may, in some cases, be made responsible for the debts of another.
Baker v. Charlton, Peake's N. P. Cas. 80; 3 Mart. N. S. 39; 7 East. 210; 2
Bouv. Inst. n. 1477.
7. It is said that in devises if the name be mistaken, if it appear the
testator meant a particular corporation, the devise will be good; a devise
to "the inhabitants of the south parish," may be enjoyed by the inhabitants
of the first parish. 3 Pick. R. 232; 6 S. & R. 11; see also Hob. 33; 6 Co.
65; 2 Cowen, R, 778.
8. As to names which have the same sound, see Bac. Ab. Misnomer, A; 7
Serg & Rawle, 479; Hammond's Analysis of Pleading, 89; 10 East. R. 83; and
article Idem Sonans.
9. As to the effect of using those which have the same derivation, see
2 Roll. Ab. 135; 1 W. C. C. R. 285; 1 Chit. Cr. Law 108. For the effect of
changing one name, see 1 Rop. Leg. 102; 3 M. & S. 453 Com. Dig. G 1, note x.
10. As to the omission or mistake of the name of a legatee, see 1 Rop.
Leg. 132, 147; 1 Supp. to Ves. Jr. 81, 82; 6 Ves. 42; 1 P. Wms. 425; Jacob's
R. 464. As to the effect of mistakes in the names of persons in pleading,
see Steph. Pl. 319. Vide, generally, 13 Vin. Ab. 13; 15 Vin. Ab. 595; Dane's
Ab. Index, h.t.; Roper on Leg. Index, b. t; 8 Com: Dig., 814; 3 Mis. R.
144; 4 McCord, 487; 5 Halst. 230; 3 Mis. R. 227; 1 Pick. 388; Merl. Rep. mot
Nom; and article Misnomer.
11. When a person uses a name in making a contract under seal, he will
not be permitted to say that it is not his name; as, if he sign and seal a
bond "A and B," (being his own and his partner's name,) and he had no
authority from his partner to make such a deed, he cannot deny that his name
is A. & B. 1 Raym. 2; 1 Salk. 214. And if a man describes himself in the
body of a deed by the name of James and signs it John, he cannot, on being
sued by the latter name, plead that his name is James. 3 Taunt. 505; Cro.
Eliz. 897, n. a. Vide 3 P. & D. 271; 11 Ad. & L. 594.