1. a public official authorized to decide questions brought before a court of justice;
[syn: judge, justice, jurist]
2. an authority who is able to estimate worth or quality;
[syn: evaluator, judge]
1. determine the result of (a competition);
2. form a critical opinion of;
- Example: "I cannot judge some works of modern art"
- Example: "How do you evaluate this grant proposal?"
- Example: "We shouldn't pass judgment on other people"
[syn: evaluate, pass judgment, judge]
3. judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time);
- Example: "I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
[syn: estimate, gauge, approximate, guess, judge]
4. pronounce judgment on;
- Example: "They labeled him unfit to work here"
[syn: pronounce, label, judge]
5. put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of;
- Example: "The football star was tried for the murder of his wife"
- Example: "The judge tried both father and son in separate trials"
[syn: judge, adjudicate, try]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Judge \Judge\ (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See Judge, v. i.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for that purpose. [1913 Webster] The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2. One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or value of anything; one who discerns properties or relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an expert; a critic. [1913 Webster] A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a painting. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 3. A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed, etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge in a horse race. [1913 Webster] 4. (Jewish Hist.) One of the supreme magistrates, with both civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more than four hundred years. [1913 Webster] 5. pl. The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament; the Book of Judges. [1913 Webster] Judge Advocate (Mil. & Nav.), a person appointed to act as prosecutor at a court-martial; he acts as the representative of the government, as the responsible adviser of the court, and also, to a certain extent, as counsel for the accused, when he has no other counsel. Judge-Advocate General, in the United States, the title of two officers, one attached to the War Department and having the rank of brigadier general, the other attached to the Navy Department and having the rank of colonel of marines or captain in the navy. The first is chief of the Bureau of Military Justice of the army, the other performs a similar duty for the navy. In England, the designation of a member of the ministry who is the legal adviser of the secretary of state for war, and supreme judge of the proceedings of courts-martial. Syn: Judge, Umpire, Arbitrator, Referee. Usage: A judge, in the legal sense, is a magistrate appointed to determine questions of law. An umpire is a person selected to decide between two or more who contend for a prize. An arbitrator is one chosen to allot to two contestants their portion of a claim, usually on grounds of equity and common sense. A referee is one to whom a case is referred for final adjustment. Arbitrations and references are sometimes voluntary, sometimes appointed by a court. [1913 Webster]The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Judge \Judge\, v. t. 1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties. "Chaos [shall] judge the strife." --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom. [1913 Webster] God shall judge the righteous and the wicked. --Eccl. iii. 7. [1913 Webster] To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness, And to be judged by him. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. To arrogate judicial authority over; to sit in judgment upon; to be censorious toward. [1913 Webster] Judge not, that ye be not judged. --Matt. vii. 1. [1913 Webster] 4. To determine upon or deliberation; to esteem; to think; to reckon. [1913 Webster] If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord. --Acts xvi. 15. [1913 Webster] 5. To exercise the functions of a magistrate over; to govern. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Make us a king to judge us. --1 Sam. viii. 5. [1913 Webster]The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Judge \Judge\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Judged (j[u^]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. Judging.] [OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F. juger, L. judicare, fr. judex judge; jus law or right + dicare to proclaim, pronounce, akin to dicere to say. See Just, a., and Diction, and cf. Judicial.] [1913 Webster] 1. To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to decide as a judge; to give judgment; to pass sentence. [1913 Webster] The Lord judge between thee and me. --Gen. xvi. 5. [1913 Webster] Father, who art judge Of all things made, and judgest only right! --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To assume the right to pass judgment on another; to sit in judgment or commendation; to criticise or pass adverse judgment upon others. See Judge, v. t., 3. [1913 Webster] Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their relations and attributes, and thus distinguish truth from falsehood; to determine; to discern; to distinguish; to form an opinion about. [1913 Webster] Judge not according to the appearance. --John vii. 24. [1913 Webster] She is wise if I can judge of her. --Shak. [1913 Webster]Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary:
Judge (Heb. shophet, pl. shophetim), properly a magistrate or ruler, rather than one who judges in the sense of trying a cause. This is the name given to those rulers who presided over the affairs of the Israelites during the interval between the death of Joshua and the accession of Saul (Judg. 2:18), a period of general anarchy and confusion. "The office of judges or regents was held during life, but it was not hereditary, neither could they appoint their successors. Their authority was limited by the law alone, and in doubtful cases they were directed to consult the divine King through the priest by Urim and Thummim (Num. 27:21). Their authority extended only over those tribes by whom they had been elected or acknowledged. There was no income attached to their office, and they bore no external marks of dignity. The only cases of direct divine appointment are those of Gideon and Samson, and the latter stood in the peculiar position of having been from before his birth ordained 'to begin to deliver Israel.' Deborah was called to deliver Israel, but was already a judge. Samuel was called by the Lord to be a prophet but not a judge, which ensued from the high gifts the people recognized as dwelling in him; and as to Eli, the office of judge seems to have devolved naturally or rather ex officio upon him." Of five of the judges, Tola (Judg. 10:1), Jair (3), Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon (12:8-15), we have no record at all beyond the bare fact that they were judges. Sacred history is not the history of individuals but of the kingdom of God in its onward progress. In Ex. 2:14 Moses is so styled. This fact may indicate that while for revenue purposes the "taskmasters" were over the people, they were yet, just as at a later time when under the Romans, governed by their own rulers.Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
160 Moby Thesaurus words for "judge": account, account as, act between, adjudge, adjudicate, adjudicator, administer, administer justice, administrate, allow, amateur, appraise, appraiser, appreciate, approximate, arbiter, arbiter elegantiarum, arbiter of taste, arbitrate, arbitrator, assess, assume, authority, bargain, be afraid, be judicious, beak, believe, bon vivant, call, charge the jury, check, cognoscente, collect, collector, conceive, conciliator, conclude, conduct a trial, conjecture, connaisseur, connoisseur, consider, count, court, critic, daresay, decide, decree, deduce, deduct, deem, deemster, demonstrate, dempster, derive, determine, dilettante, draw, epicure, epicurean, esteem, estimate, evaluate, evaluator, exercise judgment, expect, expert, express an opinion, fancy, find, form an opinion, gather, go between, good judge, gourmand, gourmet, guess, have a hunch, have an idea, have an impression, have an inkling, have the idea, hear, hold, hold as, imagine, impartial arbitrator, infer, intercede, intermediary, intermediate, interpose, intervene, judger, judicator, jurist, justice, look upon as, magistrate, maintain, make, make out, make terms, maven, measure, mediate, mediator, meet halfway, moderate, moderator, negotiate, negotiator, opine, pass sentence, peacemaker, pine, place, preside, presume, pronounce sentence, prove, put, rate, reckon, reconciler, referee, refined palate, regard, represent, review, reviewer, rule, set down as, settle, show, sit in judgment, size up, step in, suppose, surmise, suspect, take, take for, take it, test, think, think of, third party, treat with, trow, try, try a case, umpire, unbiased observer, value, view as, virtuoso, ween, weigh