[syn: catechu, Jerusalem thorn, Acacia catechu]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Jerusalem \Je*ru"sa*lem\ (j[-e]*r[udd]"s[.a]*l[e^]m), n. [Gr.
'Ieroysalh`m, fr. Heb. Y[e^]r[=u]sh[=a]laim.]
The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the
glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus
Jerusalem artichoke [Perh. a corrupt. of It. girasole i.e.,
sunflower, or turnsole. See Gyre, Solar.] (Bot.)
(a) An American plant, a perennial species of sunflower
(Helianthus tuberosus), whose tubers are sometimes used
(b) One of the tubers themselves.
Jerusalem cherry (Bot.), the popular name of either of two
species of Solanum (Solanum Pseudo-capsicum and
Solanum capsicastrum), cultivated as ornamental house
plants. They bear bright red berries of about the size of
Jerusalem oak (Bot.), an aromatic goosefoot (Chenopodium
Botrys), common about houses and along roadsides.
Jerusalem sage (Bot.), a perennial herb of the Mint family
Jerusalem thorn (Bot.), a spiny, leguminous tree
(Parkinsonia aculeata), widely dispersed in warm
countries, and used for hedges.
The New Jerusalem, Heaven; the Celestial City.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: thorny Eurasian shrub with dry woody winged fruit [syn:
Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Paliurus spina-
2: spiny tree having dark red edible fruits [syn: jujube,
jujube bush, Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Ziziphus
3: large shrub or shrubby tree having sharp spines and pinnate
leaves with small deciduous leaflets and sweet-scented
racemose yellow-orange flowers; grown as ornamentals or
hedging or emergency food for livestock; tropical America but
naturalized in southern United States [syn: Jerusalem
thorn, horsebean, Parkinsonia aculeata]
4: East Indian spiny tree having twice-pinnate leaves and yellow
flowers followed by flat pods; source of black catechu [syn:
catechu, Jerusalem thorn, Acacia catechu]