2. [syn: coffee, java]
3. a platform-independent object-oriented programming language;
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Java \Ja"va\ (j[aum]"v[.a]), n.
1. One of the islands of the Malay Archipelago belonging to
2. Java coffee, a kind of coffee brought from Java.
3. (Computers) [all capitals] an object-oriented computer
programming language, derived largely from C++, used
widely for design and display of web pages on the
world-wide web. It is an interpreted language, and has
been suggested as a platform-independent code to allow
execution of the same progam under multiple operating
systems without recompiling. The language is still (1997)
under active development, and is evolving.
[GG + PJC]
Java cat (Zool.), the musang.
Java sparrow (Zool.), a species of finch (Padda
oryzivora), native of Java, but very commonly kept as a
cage bird; -- called also ricebird, and paddy bird. In
the male the upper parts are glaucous gray, the head and
tail black, the under parts delicate rose, and the cheeks
white. The bill is large and red. A white variety is also
kept as a cage bird.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
higher programming language \higher programming language\ n.
A computer programming language with an instruction set
allowing one instruction to code for several assembly
Note: The aggregation of several assembly-language
instructions into one instruction allows much greater
efficiency in writing computer programs. Most programs
are now written in some higher programming language,
such as BASIC, FORTRAN, COBOL, C, C++,
PROLOG, or JAVA.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: an island in Indonesia to the south of Borneo; one of the
world's most densely populated regions
2: a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans;
"he ordered a cup of coffee" [syn: coffee, java]
3: a platform-independent object-oriented programming language
The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003):
An object-oriented language originally developed at Sun by James Gosling
(and known by the name ?Oak?) with the intention of being the successor to
C++ (the project was however originally sold to Sun as an embedded
language for use in set-top boxes). After the great Internet explosion of
1993-1994, Java was hacked into a byte-interpreted language and became the
focus of a relentless hype campaign by Sun, which touted it as the new
language of choice for distributed applications.
Java is indeed a stronger and cleaner design than C++ and has been embraced
by many in the hacker community ? but it has been a considerable source of
frustration to many others, for reasons ranging from uneven support on
different Web browser platforms, performance issues, and some notorious
deficiencies in some of the standard toolkits (AWT in particular).
Microsoft's determined attempts to corrupt the language (which it rightly
sees as a threat to its OS monopoly) have not helped. As of 2003, these
issues are still in the process of being resolved.
Despite many attractive features and a good design, it is difficult to find
people willing to praise Java who have tried to implement a complex,
real-world system with it (but to be fair it is early days yet, and no
other language has ever been forced to spend its childhood under the
limelight the way Java has). On the other hand, Java has already been a big
win in academic circles, where it has taken the place of Pascal as the
preferred tool for teaching the basics of good programming to the next
generation of hackers.
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):
An object-oriented, distributed,
interpreted, architecture-neutral, portable,
multithreaded, dynamic, buzzword-compliant, general-purpose
programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in the early
1990s (initially for set-top television controllers) and released
to the public in 1995.
Java was named after the Indonesian island, a source of
Java first became popular as the earliest portable dynamic
client-side content for the web in the form of
platform-independent Java applets. In the late 1990s and
into the 2000s it also became very popular on the server side,
where an entire set of APIs defines the J2EE.
Java is both a set of public specifications (controlled by
Oracle, who bought Sun Microsystems, through the JCP) and a
series of implementations of those specifications.
Java is syntactially similar to C++ without user-definable
operator overloading, (though it does have method
overloading), without multiple inheritance and extensive
automatic coercions. It has automatic garbage collection.
Java extends C++'s object-oriented facilities with those
of Objective C for dynamic method resolution.
Whereas programs in C++ and similar languages are compiled and
linked to platform-specific binary executables, Java programs
are typically compiled to portable architecture-neutral
bytecode ".class" files, which are run using a Java Virtual
Machine. The JVM is also called an interpreter, though it
is more correct to say that it uses Just-In-Time Compilation
to convert the bytecode into native machine code,
yielding greater efficiency than most interpreted languages,
rivalling C++ for many long-running, non-GUI applications.
The run-time system is typically written in POSIX-compliant
ANSI C or C++. Some implementations allow Java class
files to be translated into native machine code during or
The Java compiler and linker both enforce strong type
checking - procedures must be explicitly typed. Java
aids in the creation of virus-free, tamper-free systems
with authentication based on public-key encryption.
Java has an extensive library of routines for all kinds of
programming tasks, rivalling that of other languages. For
example, the java.net package supports TCP/IP protocols
like HTTP and FTP. Java applications can access objects
across the Internet via URLs almost as easily as on the
local file system. There are also capabilities for several
types of distributed applications.
The Java GUI libraries provide portable interfaces. For
example, there is an abstract Window class with implementations
for Unix, Microsoft Windows and the Macintosh. The
java.awt and javax.swing classes can be used either in
web-based Applets or in client-side applications or desktop
There are also packages for developing XML applications,
web services, servlets and other web applications,
security, date and time calculations and I/O formatting,
database (JDBC), and many others.
U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000):
Java, SD -- U.S. town in South Dakota
Population (2000): 197
Housing Units (2000): 133
Land area (2000): 0.479417 sq. miles (1.241684 sq. km)
Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
Total area (2000): 0.479417 sq. miles (1.241684 sq. km)
FIPS code: 32460
Located within: South Dakota (SD), FIPS 46
Location: 45.502870 N, 99.886049 W
ZIP Codes (1990): 57452
Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.