The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
In \In\, prep. [AS. in; akin to D. & G. in, Icel. [imac], Sw. &
Dan. i, OIr. & L. in, Gr. 'en. [root]197. Cf. 1st In-,
The specific signification of in is situation or place with
respect to surrounding, environment, encompassment, etc. It
is used with verbs signifying being, resting, or moving
within limits, or within circumstances or conditions of any
kind conceived of as limiting, confining, or investing,
either wholly or in part. In its different applications, it
approaches some of the meanings of, and sometimes is
interchangeable with, within, into, on, at, of, and among. It
1. With reference to space or place; as, he lives in Boston;
he traveled in Italy; castles in the air.
The babe lying in a manger. --Luke ii. 16.
Thy sun sets weeping in the lowly west. --Shak.
Situated in the forty-first degree of latitude.
Matter for censure in every page. --Macaulay.
2. With reference to circumstances or conditions; as, he is
in difficulties; she stood in a blaze of light. "Fettered
in amorous chains." --Shak.
Wrapt in sweet sounds, as in bright veils.
3. With reference to a whole which includes or comprises the
part spoken of; as, the first in his family; the first
regiment in the army.
Nine in ten of those who enter the ministry.
4. With reference to physical surrounding, personal states,
etc., abstractly denoted; as, I am in doubt; the room is
in darkness; to live in fear.
When shall we three meet again,
In thunder, lightning, or in rain? --Shak.
5. With reference to character, reach, scope, or influence
considered as establishing a limitation; as, to be in
one's favor. "In sight of God's high throne." --Milton.
Sounds inharmonious in themselves, and harsh.
6. With reference to movement or tendency toward a certain
limit or environment; -- sometimes equivalent to into; as,
to put seed in the ground; to fall in love; to end in
death; to put our trust in God.
He would not plunge his brother in despair.
She had no jewels to deposit in their caskets.
7. With reference to a limit of time; as, in an hour; it
happened in the last century; in all my life.
In as much as, or Inasmuch as, in the degree that; in
like manner as; in consideration that; because that;
since. See Synonym of Because, and cf. For as much
as, under For, prep.
In that, because; for the reason that. "Some things they do
in that they are men . . .; some things in that they are
men misled and blinded with error." --Hooker.
In the name of, in behalf of; on the part of; by authority;
as, it was done in the name of the people; -- often used
in invocation, swearing, praying, and the like.
To be in for it.
(a) To be in favor of a thing; to be committed to a
(b) To be unable to escape from a danger, penalty, etc.
To be in with or To keep in with.
(a) To be close or near; as, to keep a ship in with the
(b) To be on terms of friendship, familiarity, or intimacy
with; to secure and retain the favor of. [Colloq.]
Syn: Into; within; on; at. See At.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Name \Name\ (n[=a]m), n. [AS. nama; akin to D. naam, OS. & OHG.
namo, G. name, Icel. nafn, for namn, Dan. navn, Sw. namn,
Goth. nam[=o], L. nomen (perh. influenced by noscere,
gnoscere, to learn to know), Gr. 'o`mona, Scr. n[=a]man.
[root]267. Cf. Anonymous, Ignominy, Misnomer,
1. The title by which any person or thing is known or
designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of
an individual or a class.
Whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that
was the name thereof. --Gen. ii. 19.
What's in a name? That which we call a rose
By any other name would smell as sweet. --Shak.
2. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person
or thing, on account of a character or acts.
His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The
mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of
Peace. --Is. ix. 6.
3. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation;
fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable
What men of name resort to him? --Shak.
Far above . . . every name that is named, not only
in this world, but also in that which is to come.
--Eph. i. 21.
I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom. --1
Macc. iii. 14.
He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin.
The king's army . . . had left no good name behind.
4. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.
The ministers of the republic, mortal enemies of his
name, came every day to pay their feigned
5. A person, an individual. [Poetic]
They list with women each degenerate name. --Dryden.
(a) The name a person receives at baptism, as
distinguished from surname; baptismal name; in
western countries, it is also called a first name.
(b) A given name, whether received at baptism or not.
Given name. See under Given.
In name, in profession, or by title only; not in reality;
as, a friend in name.
In the name of.
(a) In behalf of; by the authority of. " I charge you in
the duke's name to obey me." --Shak.
(b) In the represented or assumed character of. "I'll to
him again in name of Brook." --Shak.
Name plate, a plate as of metal, glass, etc., having a name
upon it, as a sign; a doorplate.
Pen name, a name assumed by an author; a pseudonym or nom
de plume. --Bayard Taylor.
Proper name (Gram.), a name applied to a particular person,
place, or thing.
To call names, to apply opprobrious epithets to; to call by
To take a name in vain, to use a name lightly or profanely;
to use a name in making flippant or dishonest oaths. --Ex.
Syn: Appellation; title; designation; cognomen; denomination;
Usage: Name, Appellation, Title, Denomination. Name
is generic, denoting that combination of sounds or
letters by which a person or thing is known and
distinguished. Appellation, although sometimes put for
name simply, denotes, more properly, a descriptive
term (called also agnomen or cognomen), used by
way of marking some individual peculiarity or
characteristic; as, Charles the Bold, Philip the
Stammerer. A title is a term employed to point out
one's rank, office, etc.; as, the Duke of Bedford,
Paul the Apostle, etc. Denomination is to particular
bodies what appellation is to individuals; thus, the
church of Christ is divided into different
denominations, as Congregationalists, Episcopalians,