1. [syn: deriving, derivation, etymologizing]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Derive \De*rive"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Derived; p. pr. & vb.
n. Deriving.] [F. d['e]river, L. derivare; de- + rivus
stream, brook. See Rival.]
1. To turn the course of, as water; to divert and distribute
into subordinate channels; to diffuse; to communicate; to
transmit; -- followed by to, into, on, upon. [Obs.]
For fear it [water] choke up the pits . . . they
[the workman] derive it by other drains. --Holland.
Her due loves derived to that vile witch's share.
Derived to us by tradition from Adam to Noah. --Jer.
2. To receive, as from a source or origin; to obtain by
descent or by transmission; to draw; to deduce; --
followed by from.
3. To trace the origin, descent, or derivation of; to
recognize transmission of; as, he derives this word from
From these two causes . . . an ancient set of
physicians derived all diseases. --Arbuthnot.
4. (Chem.) To obtain one substance from another by actual or
theoretical substitution; as, to derive an organic acid
from its corresponding hydrocarbon.
Syn: To trace; deduce; infer.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: (historical linguistics) an explanation of the historical
origins of a word or phrase [syn: deriving, derivation,