The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Country \Coun"try\ (k?n"tr?), n.; pl. Countries (-tr?z). [F.
contr['e]e, LL. contrata, fr. L. contra over against, on the
opposite side. Cf. Counter, adv., Contra.]
1. A tract of land; a region; the territory of an independent
nation; (as distinguished from any other region, and with
a personal pronoun) the region of one's birth, permanent
residence, or citizenship.
Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred. --Gen.
I might have learned this by my last exile,
that change of countries cannot change my state.
Many a famous realm
And country, whereof here needs no account --Milton.
2. Rural regions, as opposed to a city or town.
As they walked, on their way into the country.
--Mark xvi. 12
(Rev. Ver. ).
God made the covatry, and man made the town.
Only very great men were in the habit of dividing
the year between town and country. --Macaulay.
3. The inhabitants or people of a state or a region; the
populace; the public. Hence:
(a) One's constituents.
(b) The whole body of the electors of state; as, to
dissolve Parliament and appeal to the country.
All the country in a general voice
Cried hate upon him. --Shak.
(a) A jury, as representing the citizens of a country.
(b) The inhabitants of the district from which a jury is
5. (Mining.) The rock through which a vein runs.
Conclusion to the country. See under Conclusion.
To put one's self upon the country, or To throw one's self
upon the country, to appeal to one's constituents; to stand
trial before a jury.