The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Compound \Com"pound\, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See
Compound, v. t.]
Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts;
produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or
things; composite; as, a compound word.
Compound substances are made up of two or more simple
substances. --I. Watts.
Compound addition, subtraction, multiplication,
division (Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of
Compound crystal (Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one
seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined
according to regular laws of composition.
Compound engine (Mech.), a form of steam engine in which
the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder
is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure
cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders,
Compound ether. (Chem.) See under Ether.
Compound flower (Bot.), a flower head resembling a single
flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in
a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or
Compound fraction. (Math.) See Fraction.
Compound fracture. See Fracture.
Compound householder, a householder who compounds or
arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be
included in his rents. [Eng.]
Compound interest. See Interest.
Compound larceny. (Law) See Larceny.
Compound leaf (Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate
blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.
Compound microscope. See Microscope.
Compound motion. See Motion.
Compound number (Math.), one constructed according to a
varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.;
-- called also denominate number.
Compound pier (Arch.), a clustered column.
Compound quantity (Alg.), a quantity composed of two or
more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign +
(plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are
Compound radical. (Chem.) See Radical.
Compound ratio (Math.), the product of two or more ratios;
thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c
Compound rest (Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine
Compound screw (Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two
or more screws with different pitch (a differential
screw), or running in different directions (a right and
Compound time (Mus.), that in which two or more simple
measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining
of two measures of 3-8 time.
Compound word, a word composed of two or more words;
specifically, two or more words joined together by a
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Word \Word\, n. [AS. word; akin to OFries. & OS. word, D. woord,
G. wort, Icel. or[eth], Sw. & Dan. ord, Goth. wa['u]rd,
OPruss. wirds, Lith. vardas a name, L. verbum a word; or
perhaps to Gr. "rh`twr an orator. Cf. Verb.]
1. The spoken sign of a conception or an idea; an articulate
or vocal sound, or a combination of articulate and vocal
sounds, uttered by the human voice, and by custom
expressing an idea or ideas; a single component part of
human speech or language; a constituent part of a
sentence; a term; a vocable. "A glutton of words." --Piers
You cram these words into mine ears, against
The stomach of my sense. --Shak.
Amongst men who confound their ideas with words,
there must be endless disputes. --Locke.
2. Hence, the written or printed character, or combination of
characters, expressing such a term; as, the words on a
3. pl. Talk; discourse; speech; language.
Why should calamity be full of words? --Shak.
Be thy words severe;
Sharp as he merits, but the sword forbear. --Dryden.
4. Account; tidings; message; communication; information; --
used only in the singular.
I pray you . . . bring me word thither
How the world goes. --Shak.
5. Signal; order; command; direction.
Give the word through. --Shak.
6. Language considered as implying the faith or authority of
the person who utters it; statement; affirmation;
Obey thy parents; keep thy word justly. --Shak.
I know you brave, and take you at your word.
I desire not the reader should take my word.
7. pl. Verbal contention; dispute.
Some words there grew 'twixt Somerset and me.
8. A brief remark or observation; an expression; a phrase,
clause, or short sentence.
All the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this;
Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. --Gal. v.
She said; but at the happy word "he lives,"
My father stooped, re-fathered, o'er my wound.
There is only one other point on which I offer a
word of remark. --Dickens.
By word of mouth, orally; by actual speaking. --Boyle.
Compound word. See under Compound, a.
Good word, commendation; favorable account. "And gave the
harmless fellow a good word." --Pope.
In a word, briefly; to sum up.
In word, in declaration; in profession. "Let us not love in
word, . . . but in deed and in truth." --1 John iii. 8.
Nuns of the Word Incarnate (R. C. Ch.), an order of nuns
founded in France in 1625, and approved in 1638. The
order, which also exists in the United States, was
instituted for the purpose of doing honor to the "Mystery
of the Incarnation of the Son of God."
The word, or The Word. (Theol.)
(a) The gospel message; esp., the Scriptures, as a
revelation of God. "Bold to speak the word without
fear." --Phil. i. 14.
(b) The second person in the Trinity before his
manifestation in time by the incarnation; among those
who reject a Trinity of persons, some one or all of
the divine attributes personified. --John i. 1.
To eat one's words, to retract what has been said.
To have the words for, to speak for; to act as spokesman.
[Obs.] "Our host hadde the wordes for us all." --Chaucer.
Word blindness (Physiol.), inability to understand printed
or written words or symbols, although the person affected
may be able to see quite well, speak fluently, and write
correctly. --Landois & Stirling.
Word deafness (Physiol.), inability to understand spoken
words, though the person affected may hear them and other
sounds, and hence is not deaf.
Word dumbness (Physiol.), inability to express ideas in
verbal language, though the power of speech is unimpaired.
Word for word, in the exact words; verbatim; literally;
exactly; as, to repeat anything word for word.
Word painting, the act of describing an object fully and
vividly by words only, so as to present it clearly to the
mind, as if in a picture.
Word picture, an accurate and vivid description, which
presents an object clearly to the mind, as if in a
Word square, a series of words so arranged that they can be
read vertically and horizontally with like results.
H E A R T
E M B E R
A B U S E
R E S I N
T R E N T
(A word square)
Syn: See Term.