[syn: third estate, Commons]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Commons \Com"mons\, n. pl.,
1. The mass of the people, as distinguished from the titled
classes or nobility; the commonalty; the common people.
'T is like the commons, rude unpolished hinds,
Could send such message to their sovereign. --Shak.
The word commons in its present ordinary
signification comprises all the people who are under
the rank of peers. --Blackstone.
2. The House of Commons, or lower house of the British
Parliament, consisting of representatives elected by the
qualified voters of counties, boroughs, and universities.
It is agreed that the Commons were no part of the
great council till some ages after the Conquest.
3. Provisions; food; fare, -- as that provided at a common
table in colleges and universities.
Their commons, though but coarse, were nothing
4. A club or association for boarding at a common table, as
in a college, the members sharing the expenses equally;
as, to board in commons.
5. A common; public pasture ground.
To shake his ears, and graze in commons. --Shak.
Doctors' Commons, a place near St. Paul's Churchyard in
London where the doctors of civil law used to common
together, and where were the ecclesiastical and admiralty
courts and offices having jurisdiction of marriage
licenses, divorces, registration of wills, etc.
To be on short commons, to have a small allowance of food.
[1913 Webster] Common sense
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area;
"they went for a walk in the park" [syn: park, commons,
2: a pasture subject to common use [syn: commons, common
3: a class composed of persons lacking clerical or noble rank
[syn: commonalty, commonality, commons]
4: the common people [syn: third estate, Commons]
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
63 Moby Thesaurus words for "commons":
C ration, K ration, allotment, allowance, board, bourgeoisie,
cafeteria, common, common people, common run, common sort,
commonage, commonality, commonalty, commoners, dinette, dining car,
dining hall, dining room, dining saloon, emergency rations,
field rations, laborers, linendrapers, lower classes,
lower middle class, lower orders, lumpen proletariat, meals, mess,
mess hall, messroom, middle class, middle orders, ordinary people,
paradise, park, peasantry, plain folks, plain people, pleasance,
pleasure garden, pleasure ground, proletariat, public park,
rank and file, rations, refectory, restaurant, salle a manger,
shopkeepers, short commons, small tradesmen, the lower cut,
the other half, the third estate, toilers, toiling class, tucker,
upper middle class, vulgus, working class, working people
Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856):
COMMONS, Eng. law. Those subjects of the English nation who are not
noblemen. They are represented in parliament in the house of commons.