The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Methyl \Meth"yl\, n. [See Methylene.] (Chem.)
A univalent hydrocarbon radical, CH3-, not existing alone
but regarded as an essential residue of methane, and
appearing as a component part of many derivatives; as, methyl
alcohol, methyl ether, methyl amine, etc. [Formerly written
also methule, methyle, etc.]
Methyl alcohol (Chem.), a light, volatile, inflammable
liquid, CH3.OH, obtained by the distillation of wood,
and hence called wood alcohol or wood spirit;
tecnically referred to as methanol; -- called also
methol, carbinol, etc.
Methyl amine (Chem.), a colorless, inflammable, alkaline
gas, CH3.NH2, having an ammoniacal, fishy odor. It is
produced artificially, and also occurs naturally in
herring brine and other fishy products. It is regarded as
ammonia in which a third of its hydrogen is replaced by
methyl, and is a type of the class of substituted
Methyl ether (Chem.), a light, volatile ether CH3.O.CH3,
obtained by the etherification of methyl alcohol; --
called also methyl oxide or dimethyl ether.
Methyl green. (Chem.) See under Green, n.
Methyl orange. (Chem.) See Helianthin.
Methyl violet (Chem.), an artificial dye, consisting of
certain methyl halogen derivatives of rosaniline.