1. [syn: CD-ROM, compact disc read-only memory]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
CD-ROM \CD-ROM\ n.
a compact disk that is used with a computer (rather than with
an audio system); a large amount of digital information can
be stored and accessed but it cannot be altered by the user.
Syn: compact disc read-only memory.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a compact disk that is used with a computer (rather than
with an audio system); a large amount of digital
information can be stored and accessed but it cannot be
altered by the user [syn: CD-ROM, compact disc read-only
V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (September 2014):
Compact Disk - Read Only Memory (CD, ROM), "CD-ROM"
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015):
Compact Disc Read-Only Memory
(CD-ROM) A non-volatile optical data storage
medium using the same physical format as audio compact
discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive.
CD-ROM is popular for distribution of large databases,
software and especially multimedia applications. The
maximum capacity is about 600 megabytes. A CD can store
around 640 megabytes of data - about 12 billion bytes per
CD-ROM drives are rated with a speed factor relative to music
CDs (1x or 1-speed which gives a data transfer rate of 150
kilobytes per second). 12x drives were common in April
1997. Above 12x speed, there are problems with vibration and
heat. Constant angular velocity (CAV) drives give speeds up
to 20x but due to the nature of CAV the actual throughput
increase over 12x is less than 20/12.
20x was thought to be the maximum speed due to mechanical
constraints but on 1998-02-24, Samsung Electronics
introduced the SCR-3230, a 32x CD-ROM drive which uses a ball
bearing system to balance the spinning CD-ROM in the drive to
CD-ROM drives may connect to an IDE interface, a SCSI
interface or a propritary interface, of which there are three
- Sony, Panasonic, and Mitsumi. Most CD-ROM drives can also
play audio CDs.
There are several formats used for CD-ROM data, including
Green Book CD-ROM, White Book CD-ROM and Yellow Book
CD-ROM. ISO 9660 defines a standard file system, later
extended by Joliet.
See also Compact Disc Recordable, Digital Versatile Disc.
Byte, February 1997