1. an earlier section of a written text;
- Example: "for instructions refer to the above"
1. appearing earlier in the same text;
- Example: "flaws in the above interpretation"
1. at an earlier place;
- Example: "see above"
[syn: above, supra]
2. in or to a place that is higher;
[syn: above, higher up, in a higher place, to a higher place]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Above \A*bove"\, prep. [OE. above, aboven, abuffe, AS. abufon; an (or on) on + be by + ufan upward; cf. Goth. uf under. [root]199. See Over.] 1. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; -- opposed to below or beneath. [1913 Webster] Fowl that may fly above the earth. --Gen. i. 20. [1913 Webster] 2. Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; beyond; higher in measure or degree than; as, things above comprehension; above mean actions; conduct above reproach. "Thy worth . . . is actions above my gifts." --Marlowe. [1913 Webster] I saw in the way a light from heaven above the brightness of the sun. --Acts xxxvi. 13. [1913 Webster] 3. Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, above a hundred. (Passing into the adverbial sense. See Above, adv., 4.) [1913 Webster] above all, before every other consideration; chiefly; in preference to other things. [1913 Webster] Over and above, prep. or adv., besides; in addition to. [1913 Webster]The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Above \A*bove"\, adv. 1. In a higher place; overhead; into or from heaven; as, the clouds above. [1913 Webster] 2. Earlier in order; higher in the same page; hence, in a foregoing page. "That was said above." --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 3. Higher in rank or power; as, he appealed to the court above. [1913 Webster] 4. More than; as, above five hundred were present. [1913 Webster] Note: Above is often used elliptically as an adjective by omitting the word mentioned, quoted, or the like; as, the above observations, the above reference, the above articles. -- Above is also used substantively. "The waters that come down from above." --Josh. iii. 13. [1913 Webster] It is also used as the first part of a compound in the sense of before, previously; as, above-cited, above-described, above-mentioned, above-named, abovesaid, abovespecified, above-written, above-given. [1913 Webster]Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
115 Moby Thesaurus words for "above": a cut above, above all, above and beyond, abovestairs, additionally, again, ahead, airward, all included, aloft, aloof, also, altogether, among other things, and all, and also, and so, ante, as well, ascendant, at bottom, atop, au reste, before, before everything, beside, besides, better, beyond, capping, chiefly, chosen, distinguished, eclipsing, else, eminent, en plus, essentially, exceeding, excellent, excelling, extra, farther, finer, first of all, for lagniappe, further, furthermore, greater, hereinabove, hereinbefore, high, high up, higher, highest, in addition, in ascendancy, in excess of, in the air, in the ascendant, in the clouds, inter alia, into the bargain, item, likewise, mainly, major, marked, more, moreover, of choice, on, on high, on stilts, on the peak, on the side, on tiptoe, on top of, one up on, outstanding, over, over and above, overhead, past, plus, primarily, rare, rivaling, similarly, skyward, straight up, super, superior, supra, surpassing, then, therewith, tiptoe, to boot, to the zenith, too, too deep for, topping, transcendent, transcendental, transcending, up, upmost, upon, upper, uppermost, upstairs, upward, upwards, yet