1. [syn: abandoned, derelict, deserted]
2. free from constraint;
- Example: "an abandoned sadness born of grief"- Liam O'Flaherty
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Abandon \A*ban"don\ ([.a]*b[a^]n"d[u^]n), v. t. [imp. & p. p.
Abandoned (-d[u^]nd); p. pr. & vb. n. Abandoning.] [OF.
abandoner, F. abandonner; a (L. ad) + bandon permission,
authority, LL. bandum, bannum, public proclamation,
interdiction, bannire to proclaim, summon: of Germanic
origin; cf. Goth. bandwjan to show by signs, to designate
OHG. ban proclamation. The word meant to proclaim, put under
a ban, put under control; hence, as in OE., to compel,
subject, or to leave in the control of another, and hence, to
give up. See Ban.]
1. To cast or drive out; to banish; to expel; to reject.
That he might . . . abandon them from him. --Udall.
Being all this time abandoned from your bed. --Shak.
2. To give up absolutely; to forsake entirely; to renounce
utterly; to relinquish all connection with or concern on;
to desert, as a person to whom one owes allegiance or
fidelity; to quit; to surrender.
Hope was overthrown, yet could not be abandoned.
3. Reflexively: To give (one's self) up without attempt at
self-control; to yield (one's self) unrestrainedly; --
often in a bad sense.
He abandoned himself . . . to his favorite vice.
4. (Mar. Law) To relinquish all claim to; -- used when an
insured person gives up to underwriters all claim to the
property covered by a policy, which may remain after loss
or damage by a peril insured against.
Syn: To give up; yield; forego; cede; surrender; resign;
abdicate; quit; relinquish; renounce; desert; forsake;
leave; retire; withdraw from.
Usage: To Abandon, Desert, Forsake. These words agree
in representing a person as giving up or leaving some
object, but differ as to the mode of doing it. The
distinctive sense of abandon is that of giving up a
thing absolutely and finally; as, to abandon one's
friends, places, opinions, good or evil habits, a
hopeless enterprise, a shipwrecked vessel. Abandon is
more widely applicable than forsake or desert. The
Latin original of desert appears to have been
originally applied to the case of deserters from
military service. Hence, the verb, when used of
persons in the active voice, has usually or always a
bad sense, implying some breach of fidelity, honor,
etc., the leaving of something which the person should
rightfully stand by and support; as, to desert one's
colors, to desert one's post, to desert one's
principles or duty. When used in the passive, the
sense is not necessarily bad; as, the fields were
deserted, a deserted village, deserted halls. Forsake
implies the breaking off of previous habit,
association, personal connection, or that the thing
left had been familiar or frequented; as, to forsake
old friends, to forsake the paths of rectitude, the
blood forsook his cheeks. It may be used either in a
good or in a bad sense.
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Abandoned \A*ban"doned\ ([.a]*b[a^]n"d[u^]nd), a.
1. Forsaken, deserted. "Your abandoned streams." --Thomson.
2. Self-abandoned, or given up to vice; extremely wicked, or
sinning without restraint; irreclaimably wicked; as, an
Syn: Profligate; dissolute; corrupt; vicious; depraved;
reprobate; wicked; unprincipled; graceless; vile.
Usage: Abandoned, Profligate, Reprobate. These
adjectives agree in expressing the idea of great
personal depravity. Profligate has reference to open
and shameless immoralities, either in private life or
political conduct; as, a profligate court, a
profligate ministry. Abandoned is stronger, and
has reference to the searing of conscience and
hardening of heart produced by a man's giving himself
wholly up to iniquity; as, a man of abandoned
character. Reprobate describes the condition of one
who has become insensible to reproof, and who is
morally abandoned and lost beyond hope of recovery.
God gave them over to a reprobate mind. --Rom.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
adj 1: forsaken by owner or inhabitants ; "weed-grown yard of an
abandoned farmhouse" [syn: abandoned, derelict,
2: free from constraint; "an abandoned sadness born of grief"-
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
296 Moby Thesaurus words for "abandoned":
a bit much, abjured, afire, amok, antiquated, antique, archaic,
ardent, available, bellowing, berserk, boundless, burning,
carried away, cast-off, castaway, ceded, committed, contaminated,
corrupt, corrupted, debased, debauched, decadent, dedicated,
defenseless, degenerate, degraded, delirious, demoniac, depraved,
derelict, deserted, desolate, devoted, devout, discarded,
discontinued, disowned, dispensed with, disposed of, disregarded,
dissipated, dissolute, distracted, disused, done with, earnest,
ecstatic, egregious, enormous, enraptured, exaggerated, excessive,
exorbitant, extravagant, extreme, fabulous, faithful, fancy, fast,
fatherless, feral, ferocious, fervent, fervid, fierce, fiery,
flaming, forgone, forlorn, forsaken, forsworn, frantic, free,
frenzied, friendless, fulminating, furious, gallant, gay, gigantic,
gluttonous, go-go, godforsaken, haggard, half-done, hearty, heated,
helpless, high, hog-wild, homeless, hot, hot-blooded, howling,
hyperbolic, hypertrophied, hysterical, ignored, immoderate,
impassioned, in a transport, in earnest, in hysterics, incontinent,
incorrigible, indulgent, inordinate, intemperate, intense, intent,
intent on, intoxicated, irrepressible, jettisoned, kithless,
laid aside, lascivious, lax, lecherous, left, left undone, lewd,
licentious, loose, lost to shame, loyal, mad, madding, maniac,
marooned, missed, monstrous, morally polluted, motherless,
neglected, nonrestrictive, not worth saving, obsolescent, obsolete,
old, old-fashioned, omitted, on fire, on the shelf, open, orgasmic,
orgiastic, out, out of bounds, out of control, out of hand,
out of sight, out of use, out-of-date, outcast, outdated, outmoded,
outrageous, outside the gates, outside the pale, outworn, overbig,
overdeveloped, overgreat, overgrown, overlarge, overlooked,
overmuch, overweening, passed by, passed over, passed up,
passionate, past use, pensioned off, perfervid, permissive,
perverted, pigeonholed, polluted, possessed, profligate, put aside,
rabid, raging, rakehell, rakehellish, rakehelly, rakish, rampant,
ramping, ranting, raving, ravished, recanted, red-hot, reinless,
rejected, released, relinquished, renounced, reprobate, resigned,
resolute, retired, retracted, riotous, roaring, rotten,
running mad, sacrificed, serious, shunted, sidelined, sidetracked,
sincere, slighted, solitary, spirited, steep, steeped in iniquity,
stiff, storming, superannuate, superannuated, superseded,
surrendered, tainted, tenantless, too much, transported, unasked,
unattended to, unbridled, uncared-for, unchaperoned, unchecked,
uncoerced, uncompelled, unconscionable, unconsidered,
unconstrained, uncontrollable, uncontrolled, uncouth, uncurbed,
undone, undue, unfilled, unforced, unfriended, ungoverned,
uninhabited, uninhibited, unmanned, unmastered, unmeasured,
unmuzzled, unoccupied, unpeopled, unpopulated, unprincipled,
unreasonable, unregarded, unreined, unrepressed, unreserved,
unrestrained, unrestrictive, unruly, unsolicited, unstaffed,
unsubdued, unsuppressed, untaken, untenanted, untended, unwatched,
vacant, vehement, vice-corrupted, violent, vitiated, waived,
wanton, warm, warped, white-hot, wild, wild-eyed, wild-looking,
worn-out, yielded, zealous