1. [syn: alpha-beta brass, Muntz metal, yellow metal]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Composition \Com`po*si"tion\, n. [F. composition, fr. L.
compositio. See Composite.]
1. The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or
integral, by placing together and uniting different
things, parts, or ingredients. In specific uses:
(a) The invention or combination of the parts of any
literary work or discourse, or of a work of art; as,
the composition of a poem or a piece of music. "The
constant habit of elaborate composition." --Macaulay.
(b) (Fine Arts) The art or practice of so combining the
different parts of a work of art as to produce a
harmonious whole; also, a work of art considered as
such. See 4, below.
(c) The act of writing for practice in a language, as
English, Latin, German, etc.
(d) (Print.) The setting up of type and arranging it for
2. The state of being put together or composed; conjunction;
View them in composition with other things. --I.
The elementary composition of bodies. --Whewell.
3. A mass or body formed by combining two or more substances;
as, a chemical composition.
A composition that looks . . . like marble.
4. A literary, musical, or artistic production, especially
one showing study and care in arrangement; -- often used
of an elementary essay or translation done as an
5. Consistency; accord; congruity. [Obs.]
There is no composition in these news
That gives them credit. --Shak.
6. Mutual agreement to terms or conditions for the settlement
of a difference or controversy; also, the terms or
conditions of settlement; agreement.
Thus we are agreed:
I crave our composition may be written. --Shak.
7. (Law) The adjustment of a debt, or avoidance of an
obligation, by some form of compensation agreed on between
the parties; also, the sum or amount of compensation
agreed upon in the adjustment.
Compositions for not taking the order of knighthood.
Cleared by composition with their creditors.
8. Synthesis as opposed to analysis.
The investigation of difficult things by the method
of analysis ought ever to precede the method of
composition. --Sir I.
Composition cloth, a kind of cloth covered with a
preparation making it waterproof.
Composition deed, an agreement for composition between a
debtor and several creditors.
Composition plane (Crystallog.), the plane by which the two
individuals of a twin crystal are united in their reserved
Composition of forces (Mech.), the finding of a single
force (called the resultant) which shall be equal in
effect to two or more given forces (called the components)
when acting in given directions. --Herbert.
Composition metal, an alloy resembling brass, which is
sometimes used instead of copper for sheathing vessels; --
also called Muntz metal and yellow metal.
Composition of proportion (Math.), an arrangement of four
proportionals so that the sum of the first and second is
to the second as the sum of the third and fourth to the
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Yellow \Yel"low\ (y[e^]l"l[-o]), a. [Compar. Yellower
(y[e^]l"l[-o]*[~e]r); superl. Yellowest.] [OE. yelow,
yelwe, [yogh]elow, [yogh]eoluw, from AS. geolu; akin to D.
geel, OS. & OHG. gelo, G. gelb, Icel. gulr, Sw. gul, Dan.
guul, L. helvus light bay, Gr. chlo`n young verdure, chlwro`s
greenish yellow, Skr. hari tawny, yellowish. [root]49. Cf.
Chlorine, Gall a bitter liquid, Gold, Yolk.]
1. Being of a bright saffronlike color; of the color of gold
or brass; having the hue of that part of the rainbow, or
of the solar spectrum, which is between the orange and the
Her yellow hair was browded [braided] in a tress.
A sweaty reaper from his tillage brought
First fruits, the green ear and the yellow sheaf.
The line of yellow light dies fast away. --Keble.
2. Cowardly; hence, dishonorable; mean; contemptible; as, he
has a yellow streak. [Slang]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
3. Sensational; -- said of some newspapers, their makers,
etc.; as, yellow journal, journalism, etc. [Colloq.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Yellow atrophy (Med.), a fatal affection of the liver, in
which it undergoes fatty degeneration, and becomes rapidly
smaller and of a deep yellow tinge. The marked symptoms
are black vomit, delirium, convulsions, coma, and
Yellow bark, calisaya bark.
Yellow bass (Zool.), a North American fresh-water bass
(Morone interrupta) native of the lower parts of the
Mississippi and its tributaries. It is yellow, with
several more or less broken black stripes or bars. Called
Yellow berry. (Bot.) Same as Persian berry, under
Yellow boy, a gold coin, as a guinea. [Slang] --Arbuthnot.
Yellow brier. (Bot.) See under Brier.
Yellow bugle (Bot.), a European labiate plant (Ajuga
Yellow bunting (Zool.), the European yellow-hammer.
Yellow cat (Zool.), a yellow catfish; especially, the
Yellow copperas (Min.), a hydrous sulphate of iron; --
called also copiapite.
Yellow copper ore, a sulphide of copper and iron; copper
pyrites. See Chalcopyrite.
Yellow cress (Bot.), a yellow-flowered, cruciferous plant
(Barbarea praecox), sometimes grown as a salad plant.
Yellow dock. (Bot.) See the Note under Dock.
Yellow earth, a yellowish clay, colored by iron, sometimes
used as a yellow pigment.
Yellow fever (Med.), a malignant, contagious, febrile
disease of warm climates, attended with jaundice,
producing a yellow color of the skin, and with the black
vomit. See Black vomit, in the Vocabulary.
Yellow flag, the quarantine flag. See under Quarantine,
and 3d Flag.
(a) The yellow fever. See under 2d Jack.
(b) The quarantine flag. See under Quarantine.
Yellow jacket (Zool.), any one of several species of
American social wasps of the genus Vespa, in which the
color of the body is partly bright yellow. These wasps are
noted for their irritability, and for their painful
Yellow lead ore (Min.), wulfenite.
Yellow lemur (Zool.), the kinkajou.
Yellow macauco (Zool.), the kinkajou.
Yellow mackerel (Zool.), the jurel.
Yellow metal. Same as Muntz metal, under Metal.
Yellow ocher (Min.), an impure, earthy variety of brown
iron ore, which is used as a pigment.
Yellow oxeye (Bot.), a yellow-flowered plant
(Chrysanthemum segetum) closely related to the oxeye
Yellow perch (Zool.), the common American perch. See
Yellow pike (Zool.), the wall-eye.
Yellow pine (Bot.), any of several kinds of pine; also,
their yellowish and generally durable timber. Among the
most common are valuable species are Pinus mitis and
Pinus palustris of the Eastern and Southern States, and
Pinus ponderosa and Pinus Arizonica of the Rocky
Mountains and Pacific States.
Yellow plover (Zool.), the golden plover.
Yellow precipitate (Med. Chem.), an oxide of mercury which
is thrown down as an amorphous yellow powder on adding
corrosive sublimate to limewater.
Yellow puccoon. (Bot.) Same as Orangeroot.
Yellow rail (Zool.), a small American rail (Porzana
Noveboracensis) in which the lower parts are dull yellow,
darkest on the breast. The back is streaked with brownish
yellow and with black, and spotted with white. Called also
Yellow rattle, Yellow rocket. (Bot.) See under Rattle,
Yellow Sally (Zool.), a greenish or yellowish European
stone fly of the genus Chloroperla; -- so called by
Yellow sculpin (Zool.), the dragonet.
Yellow snake (Zool.), a West Indian boa (Chilobothrus
inornatus) common in Jamaica. It becomes from eight to
ten long. The body is yellowish or yellowish green, mixed
with black, and anteriorly with black lines.
(a) (Anat.) A small yellowish spot with a central pit, the
fovea centralis, in the center of the retina where
vision is most accurate. See Eye.
(b) (Zool.) A small American butterfly (Polites Peckius)
of the Skipper family. Its wings are brownish, with a
large, irregular, bright yellow spot on each of the
hind wings, most conspicuous beneath. Called also
Peck's skipper. See Illust. under Skipper, n., 5.
Yellow tit (Zool.), any one of several species of crested
titmice of the genus Machlolophus, native of India. The
predominating colors of the plumage are yellow and green.
Yellow viper (Zool.), the fer-de-lance.
Yellow warbler (Zool.), any one of several species of
American warblers of the genus Dendroica in which the
predominant color is yellow, especially Dendroica
aestiva, which is a very abundant and familiar species;
-- called also garden warbler, golden warbler, summer
yellowbird, summer warbler, and yellow-poll warbler.
Yellow wash (Pharm.), yellow oxide of mercury suspended in
water, -- a mixture prepared by adding corrosive sublimate
Yellow wren (Zool.)
(a) The European willow warbler.
(b) The European wood warbler.
WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
n 1: a brass that has more zinc and is stronger than alpha
brass; used in making castings and hot-worked products
[syn: alpha-beta brass, Muntz metal, yellow metal]