The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Upon \Up*on"\, prep.[AS. uppan, uppon; upp up + on, an, on. See
Up, and On.]
On; -- used in all the senses of that word, with which it is
interchangeable. "Upon an hill of flowers." --Chaucer.
Our host upon his stirrups stood anon. --Chaucer.
Thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar.
The Philistines be upon thee, Samson. --Judg. xvi.
As I did stand my watch upon the hill. --Shak.
He made a great difference between people that did
rebel upon wantonness, and them that did rebel upon
This advantage we lost upon the invention of firearms.
Upon the whole, it will be necessary to avoid that
perpetual repetition of the same epithets which we find
in Homer. --Pope.
He had abandoned the frontiers, retiring upon Glasgow.
Philip swore upon the Evangelists to abstain from
aggression in my absence. --Landor.
Note: Upon conveys a more distinct notion that on carries
with it of something that literally or metaphorically
bears or supports. It is less employed than it used to
be, on having for the most part taken its place. Some
expressions formed with it belong only to old style;
as, upon pity they were taken away; that is, in
consequence of pity: upon the rate of thirty thousand;
that is, amounting to the rate: to die upon the hand;
that is, by means of the hand: he had a garment upon;
that is, upon himself: the time is coming fast upon;
that is, upon the present time. By the omission of its
object, upon acquires an adverbial sense, as in the
last two examples.
To assure upon (Law), to promise; to undertake.
To come upon. See under Come.
To take upon, to assume.
Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
77 Moby Thesaurus words for "upon":
about, above, after which, against, anent, apropos of, as for,
as regards, as respects, as to, atop, by, by dint of, by means of,
by use of, by virtue of, by way of, concerning, en route to,
headed for, hereby, hereinafter, herewith, in connection with,
in contact with, in passage to, in point of, in re,
in reference to, in regard to, in relation to, in relation with,
in respect to, in transit to, in virtue of, of, on, on route to,
on top of, opposite, over, over against, per, pertaining to,
pertinent to, re, referring to, regarding, relating to,
relative to, respecting, speaking of, thanks to, thereby,
therewith, through, to, touching, toward, towards, up, up against,
upon which, versus, vis-a-vis, whereat, whereby, wherefore,
whereon, whereto, whereunto, whereupon, wherewith, wherewithal,
with, with regard to, with respect to