1. located below or beneath something else;
- Example: "nether garments"
- Example: "the under parts of a machine"
[syn: nether, under]
2. lower in rank, power, or authority;
- Example: "an under secretary"
1. down to defeat, death, or ruin;
- Example: "their competitors went under"
2. through a range downward;
- Example: "children six and under will be admitted free"
3. into unconsciousness;
- Example: "this will put the patient under"
4. in or into a state of subordination or subjugation;
- Example: "we must keep our disappointment under"
5. below some quantity or limit;
- Example: "fifty dollars or under"
6. below the horizon;
- Example: "the sun went under"
7. down below;
- Example: "get under quickly!"
8. further down;
- Example: "see under for further discussion"
[syn: under, below]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Under \Un"der\ ([u^]n"d[~e]r), prep. [AS. under, prep. & adv.; akin to OFries. under, OS. undar, D. onder, G. unter, OHG. untar, Icel. undir, Sw. & Dan. under, Goth. undar, L. infra below, inferior lower, Skr. adhas below. [root]201. Cf. Inferior.] 1. Below or lower, in place or position, with the idea of being covered; lower than; beneath; -- opposed to over; as, he stood under a tree; the carriage is under cover; a cellar extends under the whole house. [1913 Webster] Fruit put in bottles, and the bottles let down into wells under water, will keep long. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] Be gathered now, ye waters under heaven, Into one place. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, in many figurative uses which may be classified as follows; [1913 Webster] (a) Denoting relation to some thing or person that is superior, weighs upon, oppresses, bows down, governs, directs, influences powerfully, or the like, in a relation of subjection, subordination, obligation, liability, or the like; as, to travel under a heavy load; to live under extreme oppression; to have fortitude under the evils of life; to have patience under pain, or under misfortunes; to behave like a Christian under reproaches and injuries; under the pains and penalties of the law; the condition under which one enters upon an office; under the necessity of obeying the laws; under vows of chastity. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] Both Jews and Gentiles . . . are all under sin. --Rom. iii. 9. [1913 Webster] That led the embattled seraphim to war Under thy conduct. --Milton. [1913 Webster] Who have their provand Only for bearing burdens, and sore blows For sinking under them. --Shak. [1913 Webster] (b) Denoting relation to something that exceeds in rank or degree, in number, size, weight, age, or the like; in a relation of the less to the greater, of inferiority, or of falling short. [1913 Webster] Three sons he dying left under age. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] Medicines take effect sometimes under, and sometimes above, the natural proportion of their virtue. --Hooker. [1913 Webster] There are several hundred parishes in England under twenty pounds a year. --Swift. [1913 Webster] It was too great an honor for any man under a duke. --Addison. [1913 Webster] Note: Hence, it sometimes means at, with, or for, less than; as, he would not sell the horse under sixty dollars. [1913 Webster] Several young men could never leave the pulpit under half a dozen conceits. --Swift. [1913 Webster] (c) Denoting relation to something that comprehends or includes, that represents or designates, that furnishes a cover, pretext, pretense, or the like; as, he betrayed him under the guise of friendship; Morpheus is represented under the figure of a boy asleep. [1913 Webster] A crew who, under names of old renown . . . abused Fanatic Egypt. --Milton. [1913 Webster] Mr. Duke may be mentioned under the double capacity of a poet and a divine. --Felton. [1913 Webster] Under this head may come in the several contests and wars betwixt popes and the secular princes. --C. Leslie. [1913 Webster] (d) Less specifically, denoting the relation of being subject, of undergoing regard, treatment, or the like; as, a bill under discussion. [1913 Webster] Abject and lost, lay these, covering the flood, Under amazement of their hideous change. --Milton. [1913 Webster] Under arms. (Mil.) (a) Drawn up fully armed and equipped. (b) Enrolled for military service; as, the state has a million men under arms. Under canvas. (a) (Naut.) Moved or propelled by sails; -- said of any vessel with her sail set, but especially of a steamer using her sails only, as distinguished from one under steam. Under steam and canvas signifies that a vessel is using both means of propulsion. (b) (Mil.) Provided with, or sheltered in, tents. Under fire, exposed to an enemy's fire; taking part in a battle or general engagement. Under foot. See under Foot, n. Under ground, below the surface of the ground. Under one's signature, with one's signature or name subscribed; attested or confirmed by one's signature. Cf. the second Note under Over, prep. Under sail. (Naut.) (a) With anchor up, and under the influence of sails; moved by sails; in motion. (b) With sails set, though the anchor is down. (c) Same as Under canvas (a), above. --Totten. Under sentence, having had one's sentence pronounced. Under the breath, Under one's breath, with low voice; very softly. Under the lee (Naut.), to the leeward; as, under the lee of the land. Under the gun. Under psychological pressure, such as the need to meet a pressing deadline; feeling pressured Under water, below the surface of the water. Under way, or Under weigh (Naut.), in a condition to make progress; having started. [1913 Webster]The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Under \Un"der\, a. Lower in position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject; subordinate; -- generally in composition with a noun, and written with or without the hyphen; as, an undercurrent; undertone; underdose; under-garment; underofficer; undersheriff. [1913 Webster] Under covert (Zool.), one of the feathers situated beneath the bases of the quills in the wings and tail of a bird. See Illust. under Bird. [1913 Webster]The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:
Under \Un"der\ ([u^]n"d[~e]r), adv. In a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in subjection; -- used chiefly in a few idiomatic phrases; as, to bring under, to reduce to subjection; to subdue; to keep under, to keep in subjection; to control; to go under, to be unsuccessful; to fail; to go bankrupt. [1913 Webster] I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection. --1 Cor. ix. 27. [1913 Webster] The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain Could not bring his proud soul under. --Moore. [1913 Webster] Note: Under is often used in composition with a verb to indicate lowness or inferiority in position or degree, in the act named by the verb; as, to underline; to undermine; to underprop. [1913 Webster]WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006):
under adv 1: down to defeat, death, or ruin; "their competitors went under" 2: through a range downward; "children six and under will be admitted free" 3: into unconsciousness; "this will put the patient under" 4: in or into a state of subordination or subjugation; "we must keep our disappointment under" 5: below some quantity or limit; "fifty dollars or under" 6: below the horizon; "the sun went under" 7: down below; "get under quickly!" 8: further down; "see under for further discussion" [syn: under, below] adj 1: located below or beneath something else; "nether garments"; "the under parts of a machine" [syn: nether, under] 2: lower in rank, power, or authority; "an under secretary"Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0:
44 Moby Thesaurus words for "under": answerable to, at a disadvantage, at the nadir, below, below deck, below par, below the mark, belowstairs, beneath, collateral, dependent, down, down below, downstairs, drunk, earlier, high, impaired, in the gutter, inferior, infra, least, least of all, less, lesser, low, lower, lowest, neath, nether, out of sight, secondary, short of, sub, subjacent, subject, subordinate to, tipsy, tributary, under par, under the influence, underfoot, underneath, underwater