Search Result for "to shorten sail":

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Sail \Sail\, n. [OE. seil, AS. segel, segl; akin to D. zeil, OHG. segal, G. & Sw. segel, Icel. segl, Dan. seil. [root] 153.] 1. An extent of canvas or other fabric by means of which the wind is made serviceable as a power for propelling vessels through the water. [1913 Webster] Behoves him now both sail and oar. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Anything resembling a sail, or regarded as a sail. [1913 Webster] 3. A wing; a van. [Poetic] [1913 Webster] Like an eagle soaring To weather his broad sails. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] 4. The extended surface of the arm of a windmill. [1913 Webster] 5. A sailing vessel; a vessel of any kind; a craft. [1913 Webster] Note: In this sense, the plural has usually the same form as the singular; as, twenty sail were in sight. [1913 Webster] 6. A passage by a sailing vessel; a journey or excursion upon the water. [1913 Webster] Note: Sails are of two general kinds, fore-and-aft sails, and square sails. Square sails are always bent to yards, with their foot lying across the line of the vessel. Fore-and-aft sails are set upon stays or gaffs with their foot in line with the keel. A fore-and-aft sail is triangular, or quadrilateral with the after leech longer than the fore leech. Square sails are quadrilateral, but not necessarily square. See Phrases under Fore, a., and Square, a.; also, Bark, Brig, Schooner, Ship, Stay. [1913 Webster] Sail burton (Naut.), a purchase for hoisting sails aloft for bending. Sail fluke (Zool.), the whiff. Sail hook, a small hook used in making sails, to hold the seams square. Sail loft, a loft or room where sails are cut out and made. Sail room (Naut.), a room in a vessel where sails are stowed when not in use. Sail yard (Naut.), the yard or spar on which a sail is extended. Shoulder-of-mutton sail (Naut.), a triangular sail of peculiar form. It is chiefly used to set on a boat's mast. To crowd sail. (Naut.) See under Crowd. To loose sails (Naut.), to unfurl or spread sails. To make sail (Naut.), to extend an additional quantity of sail. To set a sail (Naut.), to extend or spread a sail to the wind. To set sail (Naut.), to unfurl or spread the sails; hence, to begin a voyage. To shorten sail (Naut.), to reduce the extent of sail, or take in a part. To strike sail (Naut.), to lower the sails suddenly, as in saluting, or in sudden gusts of wind; hence, to acknowledge inferiority; to abate pretension. Under sail, having the sails spread. [1913 Webster]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48:

Shorten \Short"en\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Shortened ?; p. pr. & vb. n. Shortening.] [See Short, a.] 1. To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity. [1913 Webster] 2. To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to shorten work, an allowance of food, etc. [1913 Webster] Here, where the subject is so fruitful, I am shortened by my chain. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 3. To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of. [1913 Webster] Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 4. To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like. [1913 Webster] To shorten a rope (Naut.), to take in the slack of it. To shorten sail (Naut.), to reduce sail by taking it in. [1913 Webster]




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